Covid-19(Corona Virus) & DNA – Biology Quiz Unit 6 & 7

Covid-19(Corona Virus) & DNA – Biology Quiz Unit 6 & 7

In these Biology units, we discuss DNA formation & replication, Mitosis and Covid-19(Corona Virus) symptoms.


Fermentation occurs if

carbon dioxide is not present.

glucose is not present.

carbon dioxide is present.

excess ATP is present.

oxygen is not present.correct


The type of bond that would form from the transfer of an electron from one atom to another, shown below, is a(n) ________ bond.

Covid-19(Corona Virus) & DNA  - Biology Quiz Unit 6 & 7
Ionic - Transfer of Electron - NaCl

covalent

isotopic

hydrogen

atomic

ioniccorrect


Inside the chloroplasts, chlorophyll is found in the

thylakoid membrane. – correct

thylakoid space.

stroma.

cytoplasm.

mesophyll.


Deoxyribose is a sugar found in

glycogen.

DNA. – correct

protein.

glucose.

enzymes.


Plants store their sugar in the form of

starch. – correct

glycogen.

glucose.

cellulose.

protein.


Which of the following is not a product of cellular respiration?

water

carbon dioxide

oxygen – correct

ADP

ATP


Amino acids are needed to build ________, just as ________ are needed to create DNA.

fatty acid; hydroxides

polysaccharides; carboxyl

RNA; glucose monomers

fats; sugars

protein; nucleotides – correct


A plant that uses CAM photosynthesis is most likely to be successful in what type of environment?

semi-tropical

cool, dry

hot, dry – correct

cool, moist

hot, moist


The pH scale is a mathematical indicator of the

concentration of OH present in a solution.

total amount of all ions in a solution.

ability to dissolve in water.

ability of a solution to buffer.

concentration of H present in a solution. – correct


Some insects can stride on the surface of water because water

resists temperature changes.

has lower density when frozen.

has a high specific heat.

is a good solvent.

has surface tension. – correct


Inside a living cell, which type of bond would be the most stable?

hydrogen

polar

ionic

all bonds are equally stable in a living system

covalent – correct


Which of the following organisms can perform photosynthesis?

animals

algae – correct

vertebrates

invertebrates

fungi


Where in the cell does glycolysis occur?

mitochondrion

cristae of mitochondrion

matrix of mitochondrion

cytoplasm – correct

nucleus


Refer to the figure. Which of the following is true regarding the labeled plasma membrane?

Plasma Membrane - hydrophilic
Covid-19(Corona Virus) & DNA


Parts W and Y are hydrophobic.

Parts X and Y are hydrophilic.

Parts W and X are hydrophilic.

Parts X and Z are hydrophobic.

Parts W and Z are hydrophilic. – correct


In the reaction 6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6O2 carbon dioxide is one of the

products.

enzymes.

elements.

reactants. – correct

catalysts.


DNA replication makes a(n) ________ copy of the DNA strand, while transcription makes a(n) ________ copy of the DNA strand.

DNA; mRNA – correct

mRNA; tRNA

DNA; tRNA

mRNA; rRNA

mRNA; DNA


DNA replication is called semiconservative because

the two resulting DNA molecules each have one new DNA strand and one old strand from the original DNA molecule. – correct

one of the two resulting DNA molecules is new.

the sequence of nucleotides in one strand is conserved, whereas the new DNA molecule consists of a unique sequence of nucleotides.

no extra nucleotides are incorporated into the replicated DNA molecules.

both of the resulting DNA molecules are composed of new strands of nucleotides.


While Jeff was looking under the microscope at cells in different stages of mitosis, he commented on the fact that many cells were in the same stage. If you were looking under the compound light microscope at an onion root tip, in what stage of the cell cycle would the majority of the cells be?

metaphase

prophase

interphase – correct

anaphase

cytokinesis


The figure below shows a cell in the mitotic stage of

Mitotic Stage - Daughter Cells - Prophase, Anaphase, Telophase, Metaphase, Interphase 
Covid-19(Corona Virus) & DNA

interphase.

prophase.

metaphase.

telophase.

anaphase.


Which base is found in DNA, but not in RNA?

guanine

uracil

thymine – correct

adenine

cytosine


According to Chargaff’s rules, ________ always pairs with ________, and ________ always pairs with ________.

A; C; G; T

A; T; G; C – correct

G; U; A; C

C; T; G; A

A; G; T; C


A karyotype shows chromosomes arranged by

shape, size, and complexity.

color, width, and length.

banding patterns, size, and shape. – correct

length, structure, and color.

complexity, radius, and length.


When during the cell cycle are chromosomes visible?

during mitosis

only during interphase

Chromosomes are always visible.

only when they are being copied

only during the G phase


The central dogma of molecular biology states that the information contained within genes flows in which direction?

DNA to mRNA to protein – correct

mRNA to DNA to protein

DNA to tRNA to mRNA to protein

DNA to rRNA to protein

DNA to DNA to protein


________ is the study of the structure and function of cellular proteins and their interactions; ________ may be employed to use computer algorithms to aid this process.

Proteomics; comparative genomics

Genomics; proteomics

Comparative genomics; proteomics

Comparative genomics; bioinformatics

Proteomics; bioinformatics – correct


Most of the world’s freshwater supply is used for

bathing by humans.

drinking water for livestock.

irrigating crops. – correct

boating and recreation.

drinking water by humans.


As humans continue to use fossil fuels as a primary source of energy, the amount of carbon entering the atmosphere from fossil fuel combustion will continue to increase dramatically. What is the effect of large-scale deforestation on the carbon in the atmosphere? 

Because trees produce carbon dioxide, the amount of carbon in the atmosphere will decrease with their wide-scale removal.

As trees are removed, there is more room for carbon to enter the soil directly and be used by other plants.

The large-scale removal of forests does not have any real effect on atmospheric carbon, because carbon dioxide is not stored in trees.

Because trees are a major sink for atmospheric carbon, fewer trees will result in less carbon being removed from the atmosphere for photosynthesis. – correct


What is the first step in energy flow through an ecosystem?

Producers absorb solar energy. – correct

Top-level carnivores eat the herbivores or omnivores within the ecosystem.

Decomposers break down the organic matter and make it available for the producers.

Producers absorb nutrients from the soil.

Producers are eaten by the herbivores.


Which of the following creates the least amount of soil erosion?

deforestation

overgrazing by livestock

wetland destruction

poor landscaping practices that expose the land to excess wind

use of drip irrigation systems – correct


Deforestation may contribute toward climate change because

the trees naturally trap heat near the Earth’s surface, and the loss of trees allows this heat to escape into space through the atmosphere.

it leads to salinization of the land.

the forest canopy reflects some solar radiation back into space, allowing more of it to penetrate to the Earth’s surface.

it leads to habitat loss for many forest species, which invade nearby marginal habitats, including those used by humans.

loss of trees disrupts the carbon cycle, limiting the amount that is absorbed by plants, and increasing the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. – correct


Which of the following is not a renewable resource?

food crops

water

fossil fuels – correct

wild game

solar energy


Desertification and deforestation are similar in that both involve

loss of wetland habitats.

lack of rainfall in an area.

loss of plant and animal life in an area. – correct

overgrowth of undesirable plants in an area.

overpopulation of an area by humans.


Conservation biology supports all of the following ethical principles except

all animals have the same rights or legal status as humans. – correct

biodiversity is desirable for the biosphere and humans.

extinction due to human actions are undesirable.

the complex interactions of ecosystems support biodiversity and are desirable.

biodiversity has value in and of itself regardless of any practical benefit to humans.


Hydropower and wind power are similar in that both are

dependent in part on fossil fuels.

sources of environmental pollution.

commonly used worldwide as power sources.

nonrenewable energy sources.

renewable energy sources. – correct


Pollution is defined as

the impact of human activity on the environment.

an undesirable alteration to the environment. – correct

an alteration in land usage.

the introduction of a new species into an environment.

the impact of animal and plant species on the environment.


In which ways does overfishing lead to decreased biodiversity?

Overfishing allows fished species to overpopulate once the larger individuals are removed from the population, which in turn depletes the species’ food sources.

It depletes food sources for aquatic mammals, which then overpopulate.

It reduces the available habitat for other species.

It depletes fish that feed on some species and serve as food sources for other species, leading to the eradication of some species and the overpopulation of others. – correct

Newer technologies allow the fishing fleet to take a larger catch while leaving larger numbers of breeding pairs, which overpopulate and degrade the environment.


Forests help to regulate the global climate by

preventing soil erosion.

absorbing carbon dioxide. – correct

emitting ozone.

releasing oxygen.

absorbing pollutants.


The world today derives the majority of its energy from which of the following sources?

coal and oil – correct

hydropower

nuclear power

wind and solar power

hydropower and nuclear power


Forests and other natural ecosystems, such as wetlands, exhibit the “sponge effect,” meaning that they

soak up water from runoff and rainfall, and thus accumulate pollutants.

soak up pollutants from runoff and rainfall, releasing it quickly into streams and rivers and raising their levels.

draw water away from rivers and streams, lowering their levels.

soak up water from runoff and rainfall, releasing it at a regular rate that moderates flooding of streams and rivers. – correct

soak up water from runoff and rainfall, saturating nearby ecosystems.


Which of the following terrestrial ecosystems has the highest rate of primary productivity?

prairie

tundra

tropical rainforest – correct

temperate rainforest

marsh


Which of the following methods may help conserve water by reducing the amount used for agriculture?

biological pest control

construction of dams for irrigation needs

reducing pesticide and fertilizer usage

contour with no-till farming – correct

polyculture


Which of the following has not contributed to declines in the world fish catch in recent years?

use of aquaculture aquafarming – correct

water pollution

depletion of fish populations through overfishing

new technologies that increase fishing efficiency

herbicide and pesticide use


Mercury can enter an aquatic food chain and collect in fish as well as people who eat fish. This is an example of which of the following processes?

biotic potential

biological accumulation

salinization

biological magnification – correct

bioremediation


Water is a major limiting factor in which of the following biomes?

tundra – correct

tropical rainforest

savannah

coral reef

temperate grasslands


Biodiversity increases the consumptive value of land, meaning that

ecosystems with higher biodiversity consume more resources than those with lower biodiversity, creating more strain on the environment.

land with lower biodiversity has many more possible uses for humans than land with higher biodiversity.

ecosystems with low biodiversity consume resources at a higher rate than those with higher biodiversity.

land that has been cleared for agriculture consumes natural resources at a slower rate and is cheaper to maintain.

more value can be derived from the more diverse products produced by ecosystems with high biodiversity relative to land that has been cleared for agriculture. – correct


Select all the symptoms that may be caused by COVID-19

Correct options

Sneezing

Fatigue

Runny or Stuffy Nose

Aches and Pains

Shortness of Breath

Headaches

Fever

Diarrhea

Sore Throat

Cough


Evidence shows that COVID-19 spreads through close personal contact – within about 6 feet or 2 meters.

True – correct

False


Students that have COVID-19 symptoms should contact Health Center right away.

True – correct

False


Where should you wear a facemask?

In public or shared spaces – correct

In the shower

While swimming in the ocean


Students will have to show up in a classroom in order to receive course materials.

True

False – correct


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