Legal Theory – Business Law Quiz

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Law, Legal Theory, Disparate Treatment, Impact, Action, Business Law Quiz

The key terms in this Business Law course include Business, Law, Legal Theory, Disparate Treatment, Impact, Action, Sexual Harassment, Equal Pay Act, Plaintiff, Court, Cases.


____ 1. When an employer treats some employees less favorably than others, the legal theory that applies is:

a. disparate impact.

b. affirmative action.

c. reverse discrimination.

d. disparate treatment.


____ 2. Hostile working environment sexual harassment:

a. cannot be created by unwelcome sexual flirtation and propositions.

b. cannot result in an injunction being granted against offensive conduct.

c. can be defended if the employer can prove that it exercised reasonable care to prevent and correct any such behavior in the workplace and that the plaintiff failed to take advantage of any corrective opportunities provided by the employer.

d. can result in the court ordering the business to be sold.


____ 3. The Equal Pay Act forbids differential based upon:

a. seniority

b. gender

c. race

d. age


____ 4. The requirement that a party injured by a breach of contract minimize their damages is called:

a. the duty to capitalize damages

b. the duty to mitigate damages

c. equitable estoppel

d. promissory estoppel


____ 5. The types of civil cases that can be brought in federal district courts include:

a.the probate of an estate.
b.cases between citizens of different states that involve damages of $75,000 or more.
c.cases brought by the citizen of one state against the state government of the same state.
d.none of the above.

____ 6. When an employer treats some employees less favorably than others, the legal theory that applies is:

a. disparate impact.

b. affirmative action.

c. reverse discrimination.

d. disparate treatment.


____ 7. Hostile working environment sexual harassment:

a. cannot be created by unwelcome sexual flirtation and propositions.

b. cannot result in an injunction being granted against offensive conduct.

c. can be defended if the employer can prove that it exercised reasonable care to prevent and correct any such behavior in the workplace and that the plaintiff failed to take advantage of any corrective opportunities provided by the employer.

d. can result in the court ordering the business to be sold.


____ 8. The Equal Pay Act forbids differential based upon:

a. seniority

b. gender

c. race

d. age