Carbon Dioxide & Climate – Earth Science Quiz

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Carbon Dioxide & Climate – Earth Science Quiz
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El Niño, Red, Arctic Ocean, Temperature, Carbon Dioxide & Climate – Earth Science

The key terms in this Earth Sciences course include El Niño, Red, Arctic Ocean, Temperature, Carbon Dioxide, Greenhouse, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Upwelling, Density, Coriolis Effect, Prevailing Winds, Shore


Which of the following separates layers of different density?

  • halocline
  • incline
  • pycnocline – correct
  • thermocline

If you took a white piece of plastic to a depth of 180 m, what color would it appear?

  • red
  • blue – correct
  • yellow
  • orange

Where would you find the least dense water?

  • at the surface of the Atlantic Ocean – correct
  • at 1,000 m in the Antarctic Ocean
  • below 1,000 m in the Pacific Ocean
  • at 200 m in the  Arctic Ocean

Which of the following makes ice cores so useful in determining the composition of the atmosphere in the past?

  • the presence of pollen
  • air bubbles – correct
  • the temperature of the core
  • fossilized plants

How are the changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide described?

  • Carbon dioxide levels have remained the same. .
  • Carbon dioxide levels have increased. – correct
  • The Carbon dioxide levels have decreased.

Which of the following is a list of greenhouse gases?

  • oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide
  • water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane – correct
  • nitrogen, water vapor, helium
  • water vapor, oxygen, sulfur

Carbon Dioxide & Climate

A thick tree ring indicates which of the following?

  • cold year
  • dry year
  • nutrient-rich year
  • warm year – correct

What impact can a volcanic eruption have on climate?

  • Climate is cooled as dust falls from the sky.
  • Climate is cooled as dust blocks incoming sunlight. – correct
  • The Climate is warmed as dust increases the greenhouse effect.

How does plate tectonics affect climate?

  • increased earthquakes
  • extinction of animals
  • changing earth’s position on its axis
  • changing ocean circulation – correct

Which two factors cause upwelling?

  • differences in density and daily tides
  • prevailing winds and the Coriolis effect – correct
  • the Coriolis effect and changes in salinity
  • prevailing winds and daily tides

Which of the following varies daily?

  • coastline
  • beach
  • shore
  • shoreline – correct

A spring tide occurs during which of the following conditions?

  • The moon-earth and sun-earth alignments are perpendicular.
  • The earth is aligned with the moon and the sun. – correct
  • Earth is aligned with the moon only.
  • The earth is aligned with the sun only.

The lack of upwelling during an El Niño period results in which of the following?

  • a severe drop in water temperature
  • fish migration to other parts of the ocean – correct
  • huge and damaging waves
  • movement of nutrients to the surface

Which of the following was one result of El Niño that occurred in 1997-1998?

  • severe rains in Brazil
  • extremely cold winters in the northeast
  • droughts in Africa
  • heavy mudslides in California – correct

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