Diseases & Medical Terms – Nursing week 5

Diseases & Medical Terms – Nursing week 5

This week 5 nursing study is about medical terminology, including medical terms used for different diseases.


The effect of gonadotropin is to:

A. release cortisone.

B. increase urine output.

C. move calcium into the bone.

D. digest proteins.

E. stimulate the ovaries or testes. – correct



The adrenal gland is __ the kidney.

A. inferior to

B. on top of – correct

C. embedded in

D. posterior to

E. distal to




Hyperthyroidism, the disorder caused by excessive thyroid hormone production, is also called:

A. hyperparathyroidism.

B. cretinism

C. hyperpyrexia.

D. thyrotoxicosis. – correct

E. acromegaly.


Where is the thymus gland located?

A. In the cranium.

B. In the throat.

C. In the groin.

D. In the mediastinum. – correct

E. In the abdomen.



Which of the following is NOT a gland in the endocrine system?

A. Pineal

B. Somatotropin – correct

C. Adrenal

D. Gonad

E. Ovary


What condition is caused by an overproduction of growth hormone in children?

A. Gigantism – correct

B. Goiter

C. Hirsutism

D. Virilism

E. Diabetes



The function of parathyroid hormone is to:

A. increase metabolic rate.

B. decreased metabolic rate.

C. decreased urine output.

D. increase calcium blood levels. – correct

E. decrease calcium blood levels.



The _ is the first organ affected by hypoglycemia.

A. stomach

B. gallbladder

C. liver

D. brain – correct

E. kidney



Diabetes mellitus is caused by deficiency or ineffectiveness of:

A. glucagons.
B. thyroxine.
C. prolactin.
D. insulin– correct
E. amylase.



The term that can be used to describe the location of the adrenal gland is:

A. infrarenal.

B. suprarenal. – correct

C. epirenal.

D. hyporenal.

E. interrenal.



Symptomatic hypoglycemia is sometimes called:

A. insulin shock. – correct

B. insulin resistance.

C. diabetic coma.

D. diabetic retinopathy.

E. thyroid storm.



There are usually parathyroid glands embedded in the .

A. 2; thymus

B. 4; thyroid gland – correct

C. 4; adrenal glands

D. 6; pancreas

E. 6; thyroid gland



A pituitary hormone that constricts blood vessels and decreases urine output is called:

A. thyroxine.

B. prolactin.

C. vasopressin. – correct

D. oxytocin.

E. adrenocorticotropic.



A complication of diabetes causing sensory defects with numbness, tingling, and paresthesias in the fingers and toes is called:

A. diabetic retinopathy.

B. diabetic neuropathy. – correct

C. diabetic nephropathy.

D. diabetic musculopathy.

E. diabetic dermopathy.




A diabetic patient with paresthesia has:

A. discoloration of the skin in the lower legs.

B. abnormal sensations in the hands and feet. – correct

C. weakness in the muscles of the hands and feet.

D. swelling of the hands and feet.

E. intense itching of the hands and feet.



A cretin is a(n):

A. hormone secreted from the thymus gland.

B. tumor found on the adrenal gland.

C. condition of increased insulin secretion.

D. congenital heart defect.

E. child suffering from severe hypothyroidism. – correct



Which of the following substances is (are) used to suppress inflammation?

A. Anabolic steroids

B. Hydrocortisone – correct

C. Adrenocortical hormones

D. Thyroid stimulating hormone

E. Estrogen



Which of the following conditions is NOT a diabetic complication?

A. Aldosteronism – correct

B. Kidney disease

C. Heart disease

D. Neuropathy

E. Vascular disease



The medical term that means pertaining to a disease of unknown cause?

A. Etiology

B. Toxic

C. Exocrine

D. Inflammatory

E. Idiopathic – correct




A synonym for hydrocortisone is:

A. aldosterone.

B. adrenaline.

C. cortisol. – correct

D. thyroxine.

E. testosterone.



A sign of Cushing syndrome is:

A. goiter.

B. hyperactivity.

C. paresthesia.

D. exophthalmos.

E. moon facies. – correct



Which of the following terms describes the excessive eating associated with hyperglycemia?

A. Dysuria

B. Polyuria

C. Polyphagia – correct

D. Polydipsia

E. Presbyphagia



Which disease/disorder is treated with hormone replacement therapy?

A. Graves disease

B. Crohn disease

C. Arteriosclerosis

D. Osteoporosis

E. Addison disease – correct



Which of the following hormones is an agent that decreases urine production?

A. Calcitonin

B. Somatotropin

C. ADH – correct

D. Glucagon

E Oxytocin




Which of the following is NOT a function of a thyroid hormone?

A. Increase in the amount of oxygen that cells use

B. Control of metabolic rate

C. Stimulation of tissues to produce proteins

D. Secretion of leptin – correct

E. Moving calcium from blood to bone


Endocrine glands that occur in pairs, rather than singly, are:

A. pituitary and pineal.

B. thyroid and thymus.

C. adrenals and gonads. – correct

D. thymus and pancreas.

E. kidneys and pancreas.



Which of the following is a master gland that works together with the hypothalamus, often influencing the production of hormones in the other endocrine glands?

A. Pineal gland

B. Adrenal gland

C. Pituitary gland – correct

D. Thyroid gland

E. Pancreas



The word endocrine refers to a gland that:

A. releases digestive enzymes.

B. produces sweat.

C. produces an external secretion.

D. produces an internal secretion. – correct

E. regulates heart rhythm.



Which of the following is a pituitary hormone that stimulates the uterus to contract?

A. Prostaglandin

B. Melatonin

C. Leptin

D. Insulin

E. Oxytocin



Pineal refers to a(n):

A. organelle.

B. cell.

C. tissue.

D. gland. – correct

E. system.




Which of the following words means a chemical formed in one tissue or organ to stimulate or inhibit a function of another tissue or organ?

A. Hormone – correct

B. Mineral

C. Protein

D. Lipid

E. Enzyme



Which of the following is the true statement about the pineal gland?

A. The pineal gland is in the integumentary system.

B. The pineal gland secretes serotonin and converts it to melatonin. – correct

C. The pineal gland controls the gonads.

D. The pineal gland is located above the oral palate.

E. The pineal gland is anterior to the hypothalamus.



The medical term for an enlargement of the thyroid gland is:

A. hashimoto disease.

B. hypothyroidism.

C. thyrotoxicosis.

D. goiter. – correct

E. exophthalmos.



Which of the following is a pituitary hormone that stimulates production of milk?

A. Tropin

B. Thyroxine

C. Prostaglandin

D. Progestin

E. Prolactin – correct



The pituitary hormone that stimulates the adrenal gland to secrete cortisone is:

A. corticotropin. – correct

B. cortisol.

C. thyrotropin.

D. vasopressin.

E. corticosteroid.




All of the following are areas of routine treatment of diabetes EXCEPT:

A. diet.

B. routine physician visits.

C. pancreatectomy. – correct

D. BUN.

E. exercise.



Tetany is defined as:

A. enlargement of bones.

B. painful muscle spasms. – correct

C. protrusion of the eyeball.

D. enlargement of the thyroid gland.

E. excessive production of thyroid hormones.



Addison disease is caused by:

A. adrenal gland insufficiency. – correct

B. adrenal cortical hyperfunction.

C. adrenal hypersecretion.

D. hirsutism.

E. aldosteronism.



Which gland secretes the hormone melatonin?

A. Adrenal

B. Pineal – correct

C. Pituitary

D. Thymus

E. Hypothalamus



The basic principle of diabetes treatment is to avoid:

A. risk of infection.

B. too many calories.

C. abnormal blood sugar levels. – correct

D. not getting enough sleep.

E. over-exercising.



Which of the following hormones is normally secreted in response to hyperglycemia?

A. Glucagon

B. Glucosagon

C. Insulin – correct

D. Oxytocin

E. Calcitonin




Androgens and estrogens are _ hormones produced by the adrenal ____.

A. medullary; apex

B. metabolic; medulla

C. sex; cortex – correct

D. neurotransmitter; medulla

E. mineral; lumen


A. Addison disease.

B. Cushing syndrome. – correct

C. Hodgkin disease.

D. celiac disease.

E. Crohn disease.



The medical term metabolic acidosis is associated with which condition?

A. OME

B. PTH

C. VS

D. DKA – correct

E. GnRH



A chemical formed in uncontrolled diabetes is:

A. glucose.

B. calcium.

C. ketone. – correct

D. testosterone.

E. androgen.



Of the following words, which one has a prefix meaning highest point or extremity?

A. Nadir

B. Insipidus

C. Acromegaly – correct

D. Endocrine

E. Prolactin



The abbreviation for a hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland is

A. ACTH

B. PTH

C. TMJ

D. TSH – correct

E. TURP



Thyroid hormone replacement therapy is used to treat which of the following conditions?

A. Hypothyroidism – correct

B. Graves disease

C. Hyperthyroidism

D. Hyperparathyroidism

E. Hypogonadism



The physical therapist was unable to ambulate the patient because the patient was extremely drowsy. The physical therapist would document the patient’s condition as:

A. lethargic. – correct

B. idiopathic.

C. hemiparesis.

D. neurasthesia.

E. belligerent.



The pancreas can be described as both an endocrine gland and a(n) _ gland that secretes outwardly through excretory ducts.

A. insulin

B. adrenal

C. synergistic

D. hormonal

E. exocrine – correct



Which of the following drugs are used to reduce inflammation?

A. Antibiotics

B. Analgesics

C. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories – correct

D. Antidiuretics

E. Androgens



Inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis is correctly spelled as:

A. nefhritis.

B. nephritis.

C. pilonephritis.

D. pyelonephritis. – correct

E. glomerulonephritis.



The “C” in the abbreviations CKD and CRF stands for:

A. compulsive.

B. chronic. – correct

C. complicated.

D. cystic.

E. chemo.




Which of the following is not a diagnostic test for the urinary system?

A. KUB

B. IVP

C. VCUG

D. CT

E. LUL – correct



Ketoacidosis could be a complication resulting from what other clinical problem?

A. Endocarditis

B. Nephroblastoma

C. Arthritis

D. Diabetes – correct

E. Otitis



What is another name for an artificial kidney machine?

A. Ventilator

B. Respirator

C. Dialyzer – correct

D. Spirometer

E. Lithotripter



What initiates peristalsis of the ureters?

A. Presence of urine in the bladder

B. Involuntary sphincter constriction

C. Muscle contracture

D. A hormone

E. Presence of urine in the renal pelvis – correct



In what part of the urinary system do calculi begin to form?

A. Ureter

B. Urethra

C. Pelvis of the kidney – correct

D. Bladder

E. Nephron of the kidney



What does the root of the word nephrectomy refer to?

A. Removal of

B. Nephron

C. Kidney – correct

D. Urine

E. Glomerulus




What does the suffix in the word nitrogenous mean?

A. Nitrogen

B. One who studies

C. Create

D. Pertaining to – correct

E. Containing



What does the root of the word renal mean?

A. Pertaining to

B. Kidney – correct

C. Nephron

D. Filtration

E. Render in balanced



Which of the following diseases would an urologist treat?

A. Polycystic kidney disease

B. Chronic glomerulonephritis

C. Nephroblastoma

D. Renal carcinoma

E. Urinary bladder cancer – correct



What does the suffix in the term nephroscopy mean?

A. Kidney

B. Nephron

C. To view – correct

D. Instrument

E. To discover



In microscopic hematuria, what does the urine look like?

A. Bright red

B. Yellow – correct

C. Amber

D. Full of pus

E. Red-tinged



Which of the following terms has a prefix that means between?

A. Periodontal

B. Proximal

C. Interstitial

D. Intramuscular

E. Adductor




What is the name of the test in which contrast material is used to assess the blood flow to the kidney?

A. Ultrasound imaging

B. Cystoscopy

C. Renal angiogram – correct

D. Retrograde pyelogram

E. Urinalysis



In the term nephroblastoma, what does the word element -blast refer to?

A. Tumor

B. Expansion

C. To eliminate

D. To remove

E. Embryonic – correct



A method to break up a renal calculus by the application of sound waves to the outside of the body is:

A. KUB

B. UTI

C. SG

D. ESWL – correct

E. VCUG



Which of the following is NOT a method of urine collection?

A. Random

B. Early morning

C. Catheterization

D. Venipuncture – correct

E. Clean-catch



A patient is scheduled to have a left nephrostomy. This means that the patient will have:

A. his left kidney removed.

B. an incision made into the kidney to remove a stone.

C. a new opening in the kidney. – correct

D. his left kidney fixed in place.

E. a visual examination of the kidney.

F. a kidney transplant.




Which of the following is an agent that increases urine output?

A. Nephrosis

B. Hematuria

C. Diuretic – correct

D. Nitrogenous

E. Androgen



Renal failure can be caused by all of the following EXCEPT:

A. septicemia.

B. severe burns.

C. dialysis. – correct

D. toxins.

E. medications.



Which of the following conditions results from excessive amounts of nitrogenous waste products in the blood?

A. Interstitial nephritis

B. Polycystic kidney disease

C. Chronic renal failure

D. Oliguria

E. Uremia – correct



Which of the following diagnostic tests is used to examine the renal pelvis and ureters?

A. Nephropathy

B. Pyelogram – correct

C. Nephrogram

D. Hematuria

E. Ureterogram



Which statement best defines the medical term meatus?

A. The external opening of a passage. – correct

B. The act of voiding.

C. A band of muscle that encircles an opening.

D. Difficulty or pain on urination.

E. It is located above the symphysis pubis.



What is the correct medical term for a spillover of sugar into the urine?

A. Nephrolithiasis

B. Glycosuria – correct

C. Hematuria

D. Glomerulonephritis

E. Nephroblastoma




What is the most correct statement about the kidney’s hilum?

A. It is an opening outside the body.

B. It provides muscle control for voiding.

C. It is an opening for nerves and vessels going to and from the kidney. – correct

D. It is a tube that connects each kidney to the pancreas.

E. It is an opening for nerves and blood vessels.



Involuntary micturition during sleep in older children or adults is called:

A. narcolepsy.

B. enuresis. – correct

C. nocturia.

D. hematuria.

E. polyuria.



Odor of normal urine has a slight “nutty” scent. What gives urine a fruity odor?

A. Cystitis

B. Ketosis – correct

C. Urethritis

D. Nephritis

E. Proteinuria



Which two terms from urinary vocabulary have the same meaning?

A. Reflex and sphincter

B. Meatus and enuresis

C. Suprapubic and suprarenal

D. Void and micturate – correct

E. Incontinence and retention



Severe burns, trauma, septicemia, toxins like excess alcohol and mercury can sometimes cause:

A. chronic renal failure.

B. nephritis.

C. acute renal failure. – correct

D. glomerulonephritis.

E. polycystic kidney disease.



Waste products are filtered from the blood by the:

A. casts.

B. amino acids.

C. nephrons in the kidney cortex. – correct

D. platelets in the blood.

E. calculi.




What does pH measure?

A. How acidic or alkaline urine is – correct

B. The amount of sugar in the urine

C. The amount of blood in the urine

D. The amount of protein in the urine

E. How much water is in the urine



Which of the following terms from the urinary system means scanty production of urine?

A. Hematuria

B. Polyuria

C. Oliguria – correct

D. Dysuria

E. Nocturia



Which of the following medical terms signifies the presence of a stone, or calculus?

A. Nephritis

B. Hydronephrotic

C. Extracorporeal

D. Nephrolithiasis – correct

E. Glomerulonephritis



What is urinary incontinence?

A. Involuntary discharge of feces

B. Reflux of urine back up the ureters

C. Abnormal, involuntary holding of urine in the bladder

D. Loss of bladder control – correct

E. Lack of peristalsis through the urinary tract



The plural of the term cortex is:

A. cortices. – correct

B. cortexes.

C. corteces.

D. corti.

E. cortises.



What is the medical term for a plexus of capillaries in the nephron?

A. Hilum

B. Brachial plexus

C. Glomerulus – correct

D. Arterioles

E. Bronchioles



What is the correct spelling of the term that means inflammation of the canal leading from the bladder to the outside?

A. Ureteritis

B. Ureteritis

C. Urethritis – correct

D. Meatitis

E. Cystitis




What is the correct spelling of the plural form of calculus?

A. Calculuses

B. Calculi – correct

C. Calculus

D. Calculate

E. Calculie



Choose the correctly spelled medical term.

A. Micktutrition

B. Mictrition

C. Micturition – correct

D. Mickterition

E. Micterition



The type of incontinence that results because of sudden pressure on the lower stomach muscles is:

A. urge incontinence.

B. stress incontinence. – correct

C. functional incontinence.

D. overflow incontinence.

E. situational incontinence.



What is the primary symptom of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder?

A. Pain

B. Nausea

C. Incontinence

D. Hematuria – correct

E. Hematemesis



Which of the terms is spelled correctly?

A. Voyd

B. Void – correct

C. Voyid

D. Vuyde

E. Voyde



The medical term to describe an abnormal, involuntary holding of urine in the bladder is

A. Overflow incontinence

B. Enuresis

C. Stress incontinence

D. Functional incontinence

E. Urinary retention – correct



The word element that means process is:

A. -logy.

B. ren-.

C. -ation. – correct

D. -logist.

E. -etic.




The word element that means kidney is:

A. -logy.

B. urin-.

C. -ation.

D. ren-. – correct

E. -etic.



The word element that means create is:

A. -logy.

B. ren-.

C. -gen. – correct

D. -ate.

E. pyel-.



A specialist in treating disorders of the urinary tract is called a:

A. nephrologist.

B. renologist.

C. urologist. – correct

D. cystologist.

E. orchiologist.



Which of the following words is derived from the Greek for urinary canal?

A. Ureter – correct

B. Urethra

C. Renal

D. Nephron

E. Nephrite



How many accessory glands are there in the male reproductive system?

A. Five – correct

B. Eight

C. Two

D. Four

E. Nine



Which medical term is spelled incorrectly?

A. Kryptorchism – correct

B. Spermatocele

C. Testicular

D. Epididymis

E. Hydrocele




In the term hydrocele, the root means:

A. water. – correct

B. sperm.

C. ovum.

D. acorn.

E. testis.



In the medical condition oligohydramnios, what does the prefix mean?

A. Amnion

B. Scanty, too little – correct

C. Water

D. Many, excessive

E. Condition



What does the abbreviation BSE stand for?

A. Breast cancer gene

B. Breast surface exposure

C. Breast self-exploration

D. Breast cancer

E. Breast self-examination – correct



Which of the following is a condition in which the foreskin becomes tightened and cannot be retracted over the glans?

A. Paraphimosis

B. Urethritis

C. Pyelitis

D. Balanitis

E. Phimosis – correct



The prefix in the word nocturia means:

A. without.

B. urine.

C. night. – correct

D. none.

E. excessive.



Where must fertilization occur in the fallopian tube?

A. Just before entering the uterus.

B. The last third of the fallopian tube.

C. The distal third of the fallopian tube. – correct

D. Immediately as the egg enters the fallopian tube.

E. At the entrance of the uterus.




Gestational classification is done on all neonates. A neonate who is born before 37 weeks gestation is considered:

A. premature. – correct

B. full-term.

C. gravid.

D. postmature.

E. gestational.



When an egg is released from the ovary, how long does it take to reach the uterus?
A. 48 hours

B. 12 hours

C. 24 hours

D. 72 hours – correct

E. 36 hours



A nonlactating breast contains mainly _ and connective tissue.

A. adipose – correct

B. areolae

C. fibroids

D. smooth muscle

E. mammary glands



What part of the male reproductive system empties sperm and semen into the urethra?

A. The ductus deferens

B. The epididymis

C. The ejaculatory duct – correct

D. Seminal vesicles

E. The bulbourethral glands



Which of the following words means pertaining to a sheath?

a. Seminal

b. Vaginalis – correct

c. Testicular

d. Reproductive

e. Ejaculatory



Identify one term associated with the male reproductive accessory glands:

A. seminal vesicles. – correct

B. perineum.

C. penis.

D. genitalia.

E. urethra.




Priapism can be caused by drugs, , and .

A. blood clots; spinal cord injury – correct

B. stress; antibiotics

C. viruses; bacteria

D. stress; heat

E inflammation; infection



What is the plural form of the medical term meaning a weblike network of joined nerves?

A. Plexi

B. Plexus

C. Plexae

D. Plexuses – correct

E. Plexum



What is another name for the birth canal?

A. Uterus

B. Vagina – correct

C. Cervix

D. Meatus

E. Anus



The abbreviation PPH stands for:

A. postpartum hemorrhage. – correct

B. postpartum hyperpsychosis.

C. placenta previa hysteresis.

D. postpartum hernia.

E. postpartum hyperemesis.



The viral cause of orchitis is:

A. mumps. – correct

B. rubella.

C. tetanus.

D. varicella.

E. measles.



The combining form in the term blastocyst means:

A. amnion.

B. young one.

C. in.

D. germ cell. – correct

E. make fruitful.




In the term postpartum, what does the prefix mean?

A. In the middle

B. Before

C. After – correct

D. During

E. Childbirth



Which of the following is a laboratory test?

A. PSA – correct
B. CVA
C. BEP
D. TURP
E. BPH



The Greek meaning of amnion is:

A. young one.
B. membrane around fetus. – correct
C. something received.
D. offspring.
E. membrane.



_ and chorionic villus sampling are performed to test for chromosomal abnormalities and genetic birth defects.

A. Gestation

B. Autolysis

C. Conception

D. Amniocentesis – correct

E. Ectopic



Because their lungs are not mature, premature infants can develop respiratory distress syndrome, also known as hyaline membrane disease. This problem occurs because the infant’s lungs are lacking:

A. carbon dioxide.

B. alveoli.

C. oxygen.

D. amniotic fluid.

E. surfactant. – correct



Which of the following is a STD?

A. Mumps

B. Hemoptysis

C. Chlamydia – correct

D. Hypospadias

E. Glomerulonephritis



What is the correct spelling of the term that refers to the muscular wall of the uterus?

A. Myomitrium
B. Endometrium
CMyometrium – correct
D. Endometrium
E. Myometrum




The Latin term conception means:

A. a shining forth.

B. make fruitful.

C. occurring before the expected time.

D. something received. – correct

E. membrane around fetus.



At the very end of pregnancy and after, what is the first secretion from the breasts called?

A. Chorion

B. Galactorrhea

C. Oxytocin

D. Prolactin

E. Colostrum – correct



In the word kernicterus, what does the root icterus mean?

A. Condition

B. Jaundice – correct

C. Whorl

D. Ripe

E. Nucleus



Foreskin is another name for the:

A. shaft.
B. frenulum.
C. prepuce. – correct
D. glans.
E. plexus.



_ is the widening of the cervical canal to the same diameter as the baby’s head.

A. Autolysis

B. Dilation – correct

C. Lochia

D. Effacement

E. Involution



Which of the following is the male sex hormone?

A. Progesterone

B. Priapism

C. Testosterone – correct

D. Estrogen

E. Thyroxine




In the term primipara, what does the prefix mean?

A. First – correct

B. Second

C. New

D. Self

E. More than two



In the term mastalgia, the suffix means:

A. swelling.

B. infection.

C. tumor.

D. inflammation.

E. pain. – correct



The word vulva refers to the:

A. internal female organs.

B. vagina.

C. organs of the female reproductive system.

D. perineum.

E. female external genitalia. – correct



Gonad is another term for:

A. male reproductive system.

B. sexual drive.

C. primary sex organs. – correct

D. secondary sex organs.

E. accessory sex organs.



An infection of the glans and foreskin with bacteria or yeast is called:
A. urethritis.

B. phimosis.

C. balanitis. – correct

D. paraphimosis.

E. pyelitis.



The first breast secretion at the end of pregnancy is colostrum, a Latin term for:

A. before.

B. substance.

C. pertaining to.

D. foremilk. – correct

E. fluid.




Which of the following words means inflammation of the epididymis and testicle?

A. Prostatitis

B. Cryptorchism

C. Spermatid

D. Epididymo-orchitis – correct

E. Varicocele



Inflammation of the breast can occur during breastfeeding if the nipple is cracked or traumatized. This condition is known as:

A. mastitis. – correct

B. mastalgia.

C. gynecomastia.

D. paget disease.

E. fibrocystic breast disease.



The purpose of areolar glands is to prevent chapping and cracking during breastfeeding. These glands are _ glands.

A. sebaceous – correct

B. sudiferous

C. endocrine

D. lactiferous

E. Bartholin’s



Which medical term can be applied to both male and female reproductive organs?

A. Gland

B. Seminal vesicle

C. Epididymis

D. Gonad – correct

E. Testis



During a routine physical examination, a 65 year-old male patient tells the physician, I get up several times during the night to urinate. Based on this symptom, the physician suspects that the patient may have:

A. a sexually transmitted disease.

B. a urinary tract infection.

C. benign prostatic hyperplasia. – correct

D. diabetes mellitus.

E. prostate cancer.



The testicular artery in the twisted cord becomes blocked, and the blood supply to the testis is cut off is a condition termed:

A. epididymitis.

B. hemoptysis.

C. torsion. – correct

D. hydrocele.

E. hypospadias.




Which of the following conditions involves a persistent, painful erection that will not subside on its own?

A. Priapism – correct

B. Epispadias

C. Hypospadias

D. Prepuce

E. Hypertrophy



Which surgical procedure reverses the effects of a vasectomy?

A. Vasovasostomy – correct

B. Vasopexy

C. Vasoscopy

D. Vasotomy

E. Vasocentesis



Which of the following is a condition in which the retracted foreskin cannot be pulled forward to cover the glans?

A. Phimosis

B. Balanitis

C. Pyelitis

D. Urethritis

E. Paraphimosis – correct



Which of the following terms contains the root meaning to bring forth?

A. Effacement

B. Involution

C. Placenta

D. Primipara – correct

E. Dilation



Ejaculation occurs when the system stimulates the smooth muscle of the ductus deferens, ejaculatory ducts, and the prostate gland to .

A. sympathetic nervous; contract – correct
B. parasympathetic nervous; stricture
C. sympathetic nervous; spasm
D. central nervous; relax
E. parasympathetic nervous; contract


Homepage