Public Health & Treatment – Health And Nursing

Public Health & Treatment – Health And Nursing

This quiz is about public health & treatment – Health And Nursing


Areas without supermarkets or other places where they can access fresh, nutritious foods are known as “food deserts.”

TrueCorrect!

False


The most famous example of unethical medical research was:

Human experiments at Holmesburg Prison

Acres of Skin experiment

The Tuskegee syphilis experimentcorrect

Research in Guatemala


According to “The Tuskeegee Syphilis Study And Its Implications for the 21st Century,” the men who participated in the study were recruiting thinking that they would get:

cash

special free treatmentcorrect

spinal taps

antibiotic therapy


According to the Ted Talks video “Healthcare Should Be A Team Sport,” care anywhere, care customization and care networking represent the __________

3 pillars of healthcarecorrect

worst components of healthcare

triage of medicine

components of market justice


According to the Ted Talks video, care anywhere, care customization and care networking represent the __________

worst components of healthcare

3 pillars of healthcarecorrect

components of market justice

triage of medicine


In the “care anywhere” stage the Ted Talks narrator advocates for health care to take place at home.

Truecorrect

False


In this model of treatment, tranfer of information is ONE way, the doctor deliberates alone or with other doctors and then the doctor makes the final decision about treatment. 

Paternalistic model of treatmentcorrect

Informed patient model of treatment

Doctor directive model of treatment

Shared-decision making model of treatment


In this model of treatment, tranfer of information is TWO way, the doctor deliberates with the patient and possibly with others.  Then, the doctor and patient make a decision about implementing treatment.

Shared decision making model of treatmentcorrect

Informed patient model of treatment

Paternalistic model of treatment

Doctor directive model of treatment


In the Informed patient model the _______makes the decision about implementing treatment.

doctor

patient’s family

doctor and patient

patientcorrect


When it comes to the 5 Cs that influence organizational trust in physicians, this one “allows patients to choose their physician while _____________eliminates any economic pressures to act other than in the patient’s best interest.

choice/cashcorrect

continuity/control

cash/creative communication

control/cash


When it comes to the 5 Cs that influence organizational trust in physicians, this one “gives patients the chance to establish an ongoing relationship” while this one allows patients to “video chat” with their physician.

cash/video appointments

control/creative communication

continuity/video chat

continuity/creative communicationcorrect


Internal interruptions in a healthcare visit cannot be logically included in the 7 stages of the healthcare visit.

True

Falsecorrect


For the most part, according to “Can Urban Food Deserts Bloom?”, people eat what is convenient not necessarily what is affordable.

True

Falsecorrect


According to Racial and  Ethnic Disparities In Healthcare:  A Chartbook, the lack of access to _____________ is the reason, individuals are less
likely to have a usual source of care, to use preventive or
specialty care, to obtain needed prescription drugs, and to
receive the highest quality services.

physician expertise

health education

insurancecorrect

multicultural health workers


It is not accurate to say that racism plays any role in health inequity according to “How racism can make you sick”.

True

Falsecorrect


According to “How Racism can make you sick,” every ____minutes a black person dies prematurely in the United States due to health inequity.

5

6

8

7correct


Environmental health hazards fall into these three categories:

physical/clinical/unethical

chemical/tactical/physical

biological/health/disparity

biological/chemical/physicalcorrect


When it comes to the 7 Core Concepts of Hazard, Exposure must include a source, an environmental pathway, and contact.

Truecorrect

False


When it comes to the 7 Core Concepts of Hazard, ______ refers to hazard that actually penetrates your body  and it can be impacted by your size.

dosecorrect

toxicity

exposure

individual susceptibility


All have as a right to live in an environment that doesn’t make them sick, regardless of their race, culture, or income defines ____________________

The Culture of Medicine

Health Equity

Racial and Ethnic Parity

Environmental Justicecorrect


The study of how the environment affects human health defines_________.

Environmental Healthcorrect

Health Disparities

Environmental Justice

Health Equity


In “Research Finds Wide Disparities in Health Care by Race” blacks typically were equally likely to receive recommended care as whites within a given region.

True

Falsecorrect


According to “Research Finds Wide Disparities in Health Care by Race” the rates of ______ in some states are very uneven when it comes to whites and blacks.

leg amputationscorrect

pacemaker surgeries

incorrect medications administered

heart surgeries


According to the article “The effect of patient race and socio-economic status on
physicians’ perceptions of patients”, physicians have lower feelings of affiliation toward Black patients.  

Truecorrect

False


According to “The effect of patient race and SES on physicians perceptions of patients,” physicians demonstrated that they could consider any of their patients a “friend.”

True

Falsecorrect


According to “The effect of patient race and SES on physians’ perceptions of patients, SES stands for social ecological symptoms.

True

Falsecorrect


In ‘The Story of Stuff’, the materials economy of extraction, production, distribution, consumption and disposal is problematic because ____doesn’t work on a ____ planet.

disposal/infinite

infinite/large

finite/linear

linear/finitecorrect


___ is real or perceived biological differences like skin color while _____ is language, religion, nationality and things we cannot see.

No answer text provided.

Race/ethnicitycorrect

Ethnicity/race

No answer text provided.


According to Chapter 3 in Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare:  A Chartbook, this group is not as likely as other minorities to report their health status as fair or poor.

Whites

Blacks

Asianscorrect

Latinos


According to Chapter 4 in Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare:  A Chartbook, this group is most likely to utilize the emergency room/emergency department to manage their health than whites.

Italians

Blackscorrect

Asians

Latinos


According to the article Environmental Racism Has Left Black Communities Especially Vulnerable to Covid-19, this term refers to the myriad of ways that people of color face environmental harm.

environmental racismcorrect

frontline workers

residential segregation

interlocking systems


According to the article Environmental Racism Has Left Black Communities Especially Vulnerable to Covid-19, this term means that people of color are often concentrated in neighborhoods that have frequently been disempowered, both politically and financially.

residential segregationcorrect

frontline workers

environmental racism

interlocking systems


Environmental Justice is unrelated to issues of Health Equity.

True

Falsecorrect


Healthy People 2020 define health as the absence of sickness.

True

Falsecorrect


Ideology of superiority of one race over another to justify discrimination defines______________.

Individual racismcorrect

Internalized racism

Institutional racism


Institutional racism refers to policies and practices that systematically reinforce the power and privilege of one racial group over another.

Truecorrect

False


____________is defined as introjection of pejorative messages by stigmatized racial group regarding their capabilities and behavior.

Individual racism

Institutional racism

Internalized racismcorrect


When it comes to the three factors that impact health disparities, this one refers to this person’s unconscious stereotyping and poor communication among other things.

societal factors

patient factors

physician factorscorrect


When it comes to the three factors that impact health disparities, this one refers to differences in presence and type of health insurance and care systems.

societal factorscorrect

physician factors

patient factors


Literacy, knowledge, beliefs and attitudes among other factors play into this factor in the causes of health disparities when they cannot be attributed to society or the physician.

societal factors

physician factors

patient factorscorrect


A group of people of common ancestry distinguished by physical characteristics such as hair type, eye or skin color, etc. defines:

A. Poverty

B. Racecorrect

C. Ethnicity

D. Segregation


Segregation materialized naturally in the United States.
A. True
B. Falsecorrect


In “Untangling the Web,” U.S. policy toward immigrants that gives them contradictory messages about their value in society is characterized as:
A.immigration inflation
B. immigrant value add
C. valueless immigration
D. borderline hypocrisycorrect


According to “Race: the Power of an Illusion,” sickle cell is a racial trait.
A.True
B.Falsecorrect


According to “Untangling the Web,” The US population is increasingly racially and ethnically diverse owing, in part, to immigration and higher birth rates among minority populations

A.True – correct
B.False


According to “Untangling the Web,” Foreign-born residents of color rarely experience barriers to full participation in society on the basis of race/ethnicity, language, and immigration status.
A.True
B.Falsecorrect


Currently, Hispanic/Latinos and African-Americans are less likely to have employee-sponsored health insurance due to low wage jobs, etc.
A.True – correct
B.False


Lost workforce production is not a side effect or consequence of any health disparities.
A.True
B.Falsecorrect


Improving a human population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics thereby improving the human race defines ____________.
A. Race-baiting
B.Eugenics – correct
C.Excess Death
D. Health Disparities


The “salt retention slavery hypothesis” that says African-Americans genes put them at a greater risk for hypertension has been largely discredited.Genetic explanations for racial and ethnic health differences have also been undermined by empirical studies.
A.True – correct
B.False


Which answer below defines Healthy People 2020?

A.Measurable objectives
B.Specific
C.Goal is to achieve in a decade
D.All of these answers are correct


Involving the community and faith institutions in health is an example of which feature of Healthy People 2020?

A.accountability
B.data-driven outcomes
C.Strategic framework
D. engages a network of stakeholders at all levelscorrect


Institutional racism and individual racism are one and the same.
A.True
B.Falsecorrect


A difference in presence and type of health insurance and care systems represents this factor in healthcare disparities:

A.societal factorcorrect

B.physician factor

C.patient factor

D.genetic factor


Unconscious stereotyping, cultural insensitivity, and poor communication skills
represents this factor in healthcare disparities:

A.Societal factor
B. patient factor
C.genetic factor
D. physician factorcorrect


Literacy, knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, language and norms of an individual represent this factor in healthcare disparities:

A.Physician factors
B.genetic factors
C.Societal factors
D.Patient factorscorrect


Healthy People overall is a national agenda /vision for improving health and health equity.

A.Truecorrect

B.False


Healthy NC 2020 is the state response to a national health initiative.
A. True – correct
B. False


A basic principle that all people despite race/ethnicity, gender, age, religion, geographic location, or sexual orientation, have equal opportunity to lead healthy lives is the definition for _______according to the Ted Talk “A Recipe for Health Equity.”
A. public health disparities
B. health equity – correct
C.health promotion
D. minority health disparities


Income and place of residence bear minimal impact on an individual’s life span according to the video “Unnatural Causes.”


A.True
B.Falsecorrect


According to the film “How Racism Makes Us Sick” which we viewed in class, a black person dies prematurely in the U.S. every ___________ and black households in the U.S. earn _____ for ever $1.00 of income that white households earn.
A.4 minutes/62 cents
B. 7 minutes /59 cents – correct
C.8 minutes/90 cents
D.5 minutes/85 cents


In ‘The Story of Stuff’, the materials economy of extraction, production, distribution, consumption and disposal is problematic because ____doesn’t work on a ____ planet.
A.infinite/large
B.disposal/infinite
C.finite/linear
D.linear/finitecorrect


In “Research Finds Wide Disparities in Health Care by Race” blacks typically were equally likely to receive recommended care as whites within a given region.
A. True
B. Falsecorrect


According to “Research Finds Wide Disparities in Health Care by Race” the rates of ______ in some states are very uneven when it comes to whites and blacks.
A.incorrect medications administered
B. pacemaker surgeries
C.leg amputations – correct
D.heart surgeries


According to the article “The effect of patient race and socio-economic status on physicians’ perceptions of patients”, physicians have lower feelings of affiliation toward Black patients.

A.Truecorrect

B. False


According to “The effect of patient race and SES on physicians perceptions of patients,” physicians demonstrated that they could consider any of their patients a “friend.”
A.True
B.Falsecorrect


According to “The effect of patient race and SES on physians’ perceptions of patients, SES stands for social ecological symptoms.
A.True
B. Falsecorrect


According to “How Racism May Cause Black Mothers To Suffer The Death Of Their Infants” black infants are just over _____ more likely to die in their first year of life than white babies.
A.2 times – correct
B.3 times
C.5 times
D. 4 times


According to “Unnatural Causes” the CEO of the hospital is healthier and has a longer life span due to where he leaves, the food he can afford, and the authority and autonomy he had at his job.
A.True – correct
B. False


___ is real or perceived biological differences like skin color while _____ is language, religion, nationality and things we cannot see.

A.Ethnicity/race
B. Race/ethnicitycorrect


The study of how the environment affects human health is the definition for environmental health
A.True – correct
B.False


Which answer below is NOT one of the three types of environmental health hazards:


A. topical – correct
B.chemical
C.biological
D.physical


The three parts of exposure DO NOT include which answer below:

A.source
B. environmental pathway
C.prime exposure – correct
D. contact


The fact that “People in poor, non-white neighborhoods breathe more hazardous particles”is a perfect example of Environmental Justice at work.
A. True
B. Falsecorrect


Areas without supermarkets or other places where they can access fresh, nutritious foods are known as “food deserts.”

A.True – correct
B.False


This grocery store addressed the food desert in Chester, Pennsylvania.
A.Food Lion
B.Fast Groceries of Pennsylvania
C.Fare & Square Grocery Stores – correct
D.Quick Catch Groceries


Patients bear no responsibility in culturally competent care.
A.True
B.Falsecorrect


The most famous example of unethical medical research was:
A.Human experiments at Holmesburg Prison
B. Research in Guatemala
C.The Tuskegee syphilis experiment – correct
D.Acres of Skin experiment


New evidence shows that in addition to the Tuskegee Study, individuals in ______ were infected with sexually transmitted diseases in an effort to explore treatments.
A.Guatemala – correct
B.Guam
C.Argentina
D. Mobile, Alabama


The basic research questions behind both the Tuskegee and the Guatemala studies were highly relevant at the time which therefore makes both studies ethical.


A.True
B. Falsecorrect


Research in Guatemala focused on the powers of penicillin while in Tuskegee, researchers wanted to know the natural history of syphilis.
A.True – correct
B. False


According to the article “Studies show dark chapter…” despite ethical guidelines that all research institutions must follow, it is likely that studies like those in Tuskegee and Guatemala are likely to be repeated in the U.S. in the 21st century with the same unethical infractions


A.True
B. Falsecorrect


In the Ted Talks video you watched on Canvas, the over-arching theme is that health should be a ___________.
A.team sport – correct
B.individual venture


According to the Ted Talks video, care anywhere, care customization and care networking represent the __________
A. triage of medicine
B.components of market justice – correct
C.3 pillars of healthcare
D.worst components of healthcare


In the “care anywhere” stage the Ted Talks narrator advocates for health care to take place at home.
A.True – correct
B.False


Good health is a personal responsibility is an example of__________________

A.social justice

B. market justicecorrect


According to “Soul Food Junkies” the 4th leading cancer cause of death is_______
A.pancreatic cancer – correct
B.stomach cancer
C.colorectal cancer
D.breast cancer


In this model of treatment, transfer of information is ONE way, the doctor deliberates alone or with other doctors and then the doctor makes the final decision about treatment.

A.Paternalistic model of treatment – correct
B.Informed patient model of treatment
C.Shared-decision making model of treatment
D. Doctor directive model of treatment


n this model of treatment, tranfer of information is TWO way, the doctor deliberates with the patient and possibly with others. Then, the doctor and patient make a decision about implementing treatment.



A.Doctor directive model of treatment
B.Shared decision making model of treatment – correct
C.Paternalistic model of treatment
D.Informed patient model of treatment


In the Informed patient model the _______makes the decision about implementing treatment.

A.patient’s family
B.patient – correct
C.doctor and patient
D. doctor


When it comes to the 5 Cs that influence organizational trust in physicians, this one “allows patients to choose their physician while _____________eliminates any economic pressures to act other than in the patient’s best interest.


A.continuity/control
B. choice/cash – correct
C.cash/creative communication
D. control/cash


When it comes to the 5 Cs that influence organizational trust in physicians, this one “gives patients the chance to establish an ongoing relationship” while this one allows patients to “video chat” with their physician.

A.control/creative communication
B. continuity/video chat
C.cash/video appointments
D. continuity/creative communicationcorrect


Internal interruptions in a healthcare visit cannot be logically included in the 7 stages of the healthcare visit.
A. True
B.Falsecorrect


What are the 2 goals of Health People 2020?

Goal 1: Increase quality and years of healthy life and

Goal 2: Eliminate health disparities


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