Twitter - Quiz Tutors
Ocean Weather & Climate - Earth Science
Facebook - Quiz Tutors

Ocean Weather & Climate Change – Earth Science

This chapter is about ocean, weather, & climate change on Earth.

What does the principle of uniformitarianism tell us about the past?

  • The past is the key to the future.
  • Processes at work in the past were very different than those at work today.
  • The past has no bearing on the future or present.
  • The present is the key to the past. – correct

The Pacific Ocean is shrinking while the Atlantic Ocean is expanding. Which type of plate boundary must be involved in each location?

  • Pacific Ocean, convergent; Atlantic Ocean, transform
  • Pacific Ocean, transform; Atlantic Ocean, convergent
  • Pacific Ocean, convergent; Atlantic Ocean, divergent – correct
  • Pacific Ocean, divergent; Atlantic Ocean, transform

The theory of plate tectonics explains the movement of the plates by convection cells in which of the following layers?

  • crust
  • inner core
  • upper mantle – correct
  • outer core

Which of the following may occur at a transform plate boundary?

  • mountain building
  • volcanoes
  • earthquakes – correct
  • formation of new oceanic crust

Earthquakes are detected by which of the following?

  • barometer
  • seismograph – correct
  • global positioning system
  • Richter scale

Ocean Weather & Climate

Which of the following statements about S waves is true?

  • S waves move in a pulsating motion.
  • S waves are also called secondary waves. – correct
  • The S waves travel through solids, liquids, and gases.
  • S waves arrive at a seismograph station first.

Why is coal not a mineral?

  • It does not have a regular composition.
  • It is organic. – correct
  • Because it does not occur naturally.
  • It is not a solid.

In a laboratory, you scratch an unknown mineral on a piece of unglazed porcelain. Which property are you trying to determine?

  • color
  • luster
  • streak – correct
  • fracture

Which of the following best describes an igneous rock that formed from cooling lava?

  • fine grained – correct
  • layered
  • coarse grained
  • foliated

Sedimentary rocks that form from evaporating seawater are classified as __________.

  • clastic
  • fossiliferous
  • organic
  • chemical – correct

How do metamorphic rocks form?

  • evaporation of seawater
  • cooling of magma
  • weathering and erosion due to water
  • change due to heat and pressure – correct

Which of the following is an example of chemical weathering?

  • A stream rounds and smoothes rocks into pebbles.
  • A growing tree root splits a boulder in two.
  • Acid rain discolors and disfigures a limestone statue. – correct
  • Freezing and thawing rainwater widens a crack in a sidewalk.

At which location will erosion take place?

Ocean Weather Climate Earth Science Geology
  • A
  • B – correct
  • C
  • D

The sun’s energy hits earth’s surface at the most direct angle at which of the following locations?

  • North Pole
  • equator – correct
  • South Pole
  • 30° N or S latitude

Why does temperature increase with altitude through the stratosphere?

  • All layers of the atmosphere increase in temperature with altitude.
  • The stratosphere is closest to the sun.
  • The ozone layer is found in the stratosphere. – correct
  • The air molecules are closer together in the upper stratosphere.