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Physical Geography Exam 1

The key terms of Physical Geography Exam 1 include, Maps, Globes, Earth, Natural, Analysis, Human, Environments.


What is the definition best for the term physical geography?

The study of maps and globes

The spatial analysis of components and natural processes that form Earth

the study of human interactions between earth’s environments

none of the above


What are the 4 realms/spheres of the earth?

Litho-, hydro-, gyro-, human-

Litho-, hydro-, atmo-, bio- correct

Liquid-, solid-, atmo-, gaseous-

Cryo-, hydro-, bio-, human-


Parallels are another term used to describe what?

lines of longitude

great circles

lines of latitude – correct

all of the above


Map scale can be defined as:

the imagined distance between locations on a map

a device used to weigh maps

a ratio of distance between features on a map and real-world distance – correct

the length of a map’s outer edge


The design, production, and study of maps is called _______.

Cartography – correct

Spatial analysis

Topography

None of the above


Small circles:

do not pass through the center of the earth

includes all lines of latitude, except the equator

are not meridians

all of the above


The point in earth’s orbit around the sun in which the distance is shortest is known as:

Aphelion

Perihelion – correct


The flat plane on which the earth orbits around the sun is called:

The Plane of Orbit

The Plane of Axial Tilt

The Plane of the Ecliptic – correct

None of the above


All incoming radiation/energy the earth receives from the sun is known as:

Insolation

Solar wind

Ultraviolet rays

Indirect radiation


The transfer of heat & energy by physical contact (molecule to molecule) is:

Convection

Insolation

Absorption

Conduction – correct


The transfer of heat & energy by the circular mixing of matter is:

Convection – correct

Conduction

Absorption

None of the above


Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Argon are all examples of what types of gases in the atmosphere?

Constant gases – correct

Anthropogenic gases

Variable gases

Greenhouse gases


Water vapor (H2O gas), Ozone (O3), and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) are all examples of what types of gases in the atmosphere?

Constant gases

Anthropogenic gases

Variable gases – correct

Greenhouse gases


The general term used to describe the redirection and deflection of solar radiation by atmospheric gases or particulates is known as:

Reflection

Refraction

Albedo

Scattering – correct


In terms of humidity, which has the potential to hold more moisture?

Warm air mass – correct

Cold air mass


The earth is tilted on its axis relative to the Plane of the Ecliptic at what angle?

10 degrees

15 degrees

23.5 degrees – correct

15.75 degrees


What is the best definition for the term albedo?

An object’s ability to absorb incoming radiation/energy

The earth’s ability to rotate on it’s axis to reduce incoming solar radiation

An object’s ability to let energy phase through it

An object’s ability to reflect light/energy off it – correct


When radiation from the sun is reflected off of one object and absorbed by another object, this is know as what?

Direct radiation

Indirect radiation – correct

Albedo

Diffused radiation


What type of radiation does the sun emit?

Longwave radiation

Infrared radiation

Shortwave radiation

All of the above


What type of radiation does the earth emit?

Longwave radiation – correct

Infrared radiation

Shortwave radiation

All of the above


Which object is likely to have a higher albedo?

Parking lot blacktop

Dark green car

Lush forest

White snow – correct


Light being reflected off of gas molecules, thus creating blue skies, is an example of:

Rayleigh Scattering – correct

Mie Scattering


Light being reflected off of airborne particulates, thus creating rich & warm sunsets, is an example of:

Rayleigh Scattering

Mie Scattering – correct


What is the best definition for atmosphere?

The pervading tone or mood of a place, situation, or work of art.

The envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.- correct

The altitude limits at which breathable air can still be found.

A & C


Why are cities typically warmer than surrounding countrysides?

The existence of dark, dense surfaces such as concrete

Lower ground moisture content

Higher concentrations in CO2

All of the above – correct


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