Genetic Syndrome – Psychology Test

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Genetic Syndrome – Psychology Test

The key terms of Psychology Test include, Genetic, Syndrome, Chromosome, Disorder.



The most widely known chromosome disorder is ______.

Jacob’s syndrome

Turner syndrome

Klinefelter syndrome

Down syndrome – correct


Which diagnostic procedure poses a risk to fetal development?

NIPT

fetal MRI

ultrasound

amniocentesis – correct


Prenatal testing is recommended when the pregnant woman is older than age ______.

25

28

30

35 – correct


Which factor contributes to the differences seen in siblings, including fraternal twins?

canalization

niche-picking – correct

reaction range

epigenetics

children inherit genetic syndrome


Much of the genetic material in a human body is in common with other species.

True – correct

False


Turner syndrome is a sex chromosome abnormality that only occurs in females.

True – correct

False


Canalization refers to the extent to which variation among people on a given characteristic is due to genetic differences.

True

False – correct


The reason why both males and females can inherit fragile X syndrome is because ______.

it’s due to a recessive gene that needs to appear on both X chromosomes to be displayed

it’s passed randomly throughout the population, regardless of the X chromosome

it’s passed from father to son and mother to daughter through the X chromosome

it’s due to a dominant gene that needs to appear on only one X chromosome to be displayed – correct


When multiple genes interact to produce a given trait, this is referred to as ______.

heterozygous inheritance

incomplete dominance

genomic imprinting

polygenic inheritance – correct


Andrew and Alexandra are dizygotic twins. A statement that describes them is that they ______.

originated from the same zygote

are a rare combination in terms of fertilization

must have the same hair color and eye color

share about one half of their genes – correct


The biological process that results in gametes is referred to as ______.

meiosis – correct

gamete transfer

gametosis

mitosis


The reason why both males and females can inherit fragile X syndrome is because ______.

it’s due to a recessive gene that needs to appear on both X chromosomes to be displayed

it’s passed randomly throughout the population, regardless of the X chromosome

it’s passed from father to son and mother to daughter through the X chromosome

it’s due to a dominant gene that needs to appear on only one X chromosome to be displayed – correct


Within each cell is a nucleus that contains 23 matching pairs of rod-shaped structures called ______.

chromosomes – correct

genes

deoxyribonucleic acid

genome


What are genes composed of?

phenylalanine

proteins

deoxyribonucleic acid – correct

zygotes


Which condition is acquired through X-linked inheritance?

Huntington’s disease

sickle cell anemia

phenylketonuria

Duchenne muscular dystrophy – correct


The most widely known chromosome disorder is ______.

Jacob’s syndrome

Turner syndrome

Klinefelter syndrome

Down syndrome – correct


Which diagnostic procedure poses a risk to fetal development?

NIPT

fetal MRI

ultrasound

amniocentesis – correct


Prenatal testing is recommended when the pregnant woman is older than age ______.

25

28

30

35 – correct


Which factor contributes to the differences seen in siblings, including fraternal twins?

canalization

niche-picking – correct

reaction range

epigenetics

children inherit genetic syndrome


Much of the genetic material in a human body is in common with other species.

True – correct

False


Turner syndrome is a sex chromosome abnormality that only occurs in females.

True – correct

False


Canalization refers to the extent to which variation among people on a given characteristic is due to genetic differences.

True

False – correct


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