Human Rights And International Politics – Final Exam

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Human Rights And International Politics - Final Exam
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Civil And Political Rights, State Security & Environment – International Politics

The key terms in these Political Science – International Politics chapters include Civil And Political Rights, Human Rights Issues, Environmental Regulations, NGOs, Human Rights – State Security, INGOs, World Health Organisation WHO, United Nations UN, Environment, World Politics, Environmental Issues,


Which statement is correct about human rights and international politics?

Human rights issues have risen to greater prominence in international politics over the last century.

Human rights is a concept that first emerged in the twentieth century.

The rise of sovereignty increased focus on human rights.

All countries follow modern human rights standards.


Which of the following is an example of civil and political rights?

Freedom from torture

Rejection of government policies that cause suffering

Freedom of Speech

State Sovereignty


Theorists in the radical tradition place emphasis on

group rights for marginalized people.

civil and political rights.

social and economic rights.

rights related to physical security.


Which statement is correct about human rights and international politics?

Human rights issues have risen to greater prominence in international politics over the last century.


Which of the following is an example of civil and political rights?

Freedom of Speech

The first global human rights movement was the

the movement to protect group rights.

Movement to protect socioeconomic rights.

the movement against torture.

the antislavery movement.


Realists argue the primary responsibility for protecting human rights falls to

individuals.

States.

international organizations.

religious leaders.


In general, states with what government type are the most likely to abuse political and civil rights?

monarchies

authoritarian

oligarchies

liberal democracies


Intentional systematic killing of a group based on race, religion, or ethnicity is called

an epistemic community.

a regime.

genocide.

a negative externality.


To be considered “genocide” under international law, how many people must be killed?

more than 1,000

No specific number is included in the definition.

more than 10,000

more than 1 million


Which of the following is true about refugees?

The number of refugees today is less than it was at the end of World War II.

The R2P norm obligates states to protect people by providing refuge.

Countries have coordinated and now all approach the refugee problem in the same way.

EU member states are accepting all the refugees that are coming, creating a crisis.


 To be considered “genocide” under international law, how many people must be killed?

No specific number is included in the definition.


During the war in the former Yugoslavia, the term ________ was coined to mean removing a group from their territory, but not necessarily killing them all.

Ethnic Cleansing

With regard to intervention, radicals believe

it is a state’s duty to intervene in blatant cases of human rights abuses.

states should take the lead in humanitarian crises, not nongovernmental actors.

intervention must be applied without discrimination.

states should only intervene when it is in their national interest.


How have the issues of health, the environment, and crime changed over time?

They have moved from the global arena to the domestic arena.

They have assumed global dimensions.

These issues have become less important with the rise of technology.

They only came to be political issues in the twenty-first century.


Theorists in the radical tradition place emphasis on

Social and Economic rights.

The first global human rights movement was the

The antislavery movement.


Realists argue the primary responsibility for protecting human rights falls to

States


Which of the following is true of international treaties on the environment?

They are controversial.

They do not affect human rights interests.

The treaties do not affect economic interests.

They deal only with issues related to pollution.


Which of the following characteristics do ozone depletion and global warming have in common?

They are not a source of disagreement between states.

They are not issues confined to a single state.

These issues do not have key characteristics in common.

They have not been the subject of international negotiations.


The 2015 Paris climate change talks

did not result in an agreement.

resulted in legally binding emissions reduction requirements for both developed and developing states.

did result in legally binding emissions reduction requirements for developed states.

resulted in states agreeing to achieve a balance between greenhouse gas emissions and carbon-absorbing sinks.


Freshwater is a highly politicized natural resource problem because

Freshwater is not a politicized issue.

it is unequally distributed and unequally used.

it is concentrated in the Middle East, an area characterized by significant conflict.

human consumption counts for almost all water usage.


In general, states with what government type are the most likely to abuse political and civil rights?

Authoritarian

Intentional systematic killing of a group based on race, religion, or ethnicity is called

Genocide.

Which of the following is true of liberals’ and radicals’ view of the development gap?

They think capitalist countries will work to prevent the closing of the gap.

Radicals think the gap is impossible to change.

They think closing the gap will lead to a self-reinforcing spiral of economic improvement and demographic balance.

Liberals and radicals do not see a development gap.


Which of the following is true of the role of NGOs’ role in environmental issues?

NGOs have only become active in environmental issues in the twenty-first century.

NGOs can actually aid in the enforcement of environmental regulations.

INGOs and NGOs are separate in their work from IGOs.

NGOs do not play a role in environmental issues.


The World Health Organization (WHO)

is an IGO completely separate from the United Nations (UN).

provides technical information on diseases, but does not play a direct role in working to eradicate them.

has revised its regulations over time in response to various global health emergencies.

has been unsuccessful in all its eradication campaigns.


An organization designed to uncover the truth about crimes that have been committed and move forward with the reconciliation process is

Truth Commission.

Which actors have responded to the AIDS crisis?

states, NGOs, intergovernmental organizations, and individuals

There has been no widespread response, hence the prevalence of AIDS today.

states, NGOs, and intergovernmental organizations

states and NGOs


Each of the theories of international relations has its own view of how public health problems can best be solved. Which of the following statements correctly represents the theoretical point of view mentioned?

Radicals praise multinational corporations for their role in developing pharmaceuticals to combat infectious diseases.

Liberals do not focus on international responsibility for solving health problems, turning to individual states to lead actions.

Realists stress the importance of the individual state in responding to health issues, especially when state security is threatened.

Realists would not focus on health issues until state security is assured.


What makes an issue “transnational”? Select a contemporary international issue, related to the environment, and explain what makes that particular issue a transnational issue. Remember to use as many key terms as you can in your essay


Which of the following is true about refugees?

The number of refugees today is less than it was at the end of World War II.

The R2P norm obligates states to protect people by providing refuge.

Countries have coordinated and now all approach the refugee problem in the same way.

EU member states are accepting all the refugees that are coming, creating a crisis.


Which of the following is true of liberals’ and radicals’ view of the development gap?

They think capitalist countries will work to prevent the closing of the gap.

Radicals think the gap is impossible to change.

They think closing the gap will lead to a self-reinforcing spiral of economic improvement and demographic balance.

Liberals and radicals do not see a development gap.


Which of the following is true of the role of NGOs’ role in environmental issues?

NGOs have only become active in environmental issues in the twenty-first century.

NGOs can actually aid in the enforcement of environmental regulations.

INGOs and NGOs are separate in their work from IGOs.

NGOs do not play a role in environmental issues.


The World Health Organization (WHO)

is an IGO completely separate from the United Nations (UN).

provides technical information on diseases, but does not play a direct role in working to eradicate them.

has revised its regulations over time in response to various global health emergencies.

has been unsuccessful in all its eradication campaigns.


An organization designed to uncover the truth about crimes that have been committed and move forward with the reconciliation process is

Truth Commission.

Which actors have responded to the AIDS crisis?

states, NGOs, intergovernmental organizations, and individuals

There has been no widespread response, hence the prevalence of AIDS today.

states, NGOs, and intergovernmental organizations

states and NGOs


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