Legal Citations & Parallel Citations

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Legal Citations & Parallel Citations

The key terms of this chapter include Legal Citations, Parallel Citations, Abbreviation system, Legal Periodicals, Crucial, Yellow Flag, Shepard’s Citations, Print Out, Westlaw.


66. In Shepard’s abbreviation system, “s” means which of the following?​

a. Same case – correct

b. ​Superseded

c. Similar case

d. ​Subordinate case


In Shepard’s abbreviation system, “e” means which of the following?​

a. ​Explained – correct

b. ​Exception

c. ​Equal

d. ​Extended


In Shepard’s abbreviation system, “f” means which of the following?​

a. ​Followed – correct

b. ​Founded

c. Function

d. ​Found


A(n) ____ is a book or online service that provides the history and interpretation of a statute, regulation, or court decision and a list of the cases, statutes, and regulations that have interpreted, applied, or modified a statute or regulation.

a. ​citator – correct

b. ​atlas

c. ​legal encyclopedia

d. ​treatise


Shepard’s Law Review Citations includes citations to which of the following?​

a. ​Legal periodicals – correct

b. ​Court decisions

c. ​Federal court cases

d. ​Federal statutes

e. ​None of these choices is correct.


Citing cases are​

a. ​cases that cite the case you looked up in the citator.- correct

b. ​cases that are no longer relevant to your case.

c. ​cases that cannot be accessed online.

d. ​tertiary sources.


Cases that have multiple citations are referred to as having​

a. ​key citations.

b. ​parallel citations.- correct

c. ​multi-citations.

d. ​numerous citations.


Parallel citations occur when a court’s opinion is​

a. ​published in several different sets of books.- correct

b. ​reversed.

c. ​out of date.

d. ​All of these choices are correct.


Westlaw databases include all of the following except 

a. ​administrative rules.

b. law journals.​

c. ​legal forms.

d. ​Shepard’s.– correct


Shepard’s Citations provides all of the following information except 

a. ​parallel citations.

b. ​citing cases.

c. ​case histories.

d. ​KeyCites.- correct


____ is an online citator on Westlaw that can trace case history, retrieve secondary sources, categorize legal citations by legal issue, and perform other functions.

a. ​Shepard’s

b. ​KeyCite – correct

c. FindLaw

d. ​Fastcase


When using KeyCite, what is the indication that a case has been reversed or overruled for at least one point of law and must therefore be reviewed?​

a. A red flag​ – correct

b. ​A yellow flag

c. ​Three stars

d. ​Four stars


When using KeyCite, what is the indication that the case has been questioned and should be checked?​

a. ​A red flag

b. ​​A yellow flag – correct

c. One star​

d. ​Two stars


When using KeyCite, always ____ a citing case to find out why your case has a red or yellow flag and to determine what issue in your case has been questioned, reversed, or overruled.​

a. ​read – correct

b. ​print out

c. ​file

d. ​ask your supervising attorney about


Making sure your findings are accurate and up to date is a(n) ____ part of legal research.​

a. ​crucial – correct

b. ​important

c. ​occasional

d. ​optional


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