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Psychological Medical Techniques And Therapies – Psychology

This test is about Psychological Medical Techniques And Therapies – Psychology.

All forms of psychotherapy share the assumption that _____ play(s) a significant role in problematic emotions, behaviors, and thoughts.

psychological factors – correct

genetic vulnerability to mental disorders

abnormal brain chemistry

repressed sexual urges and wishes

The use of psychological techniques to treat psychological problems is to _____ as the use of medical techniques to treat psychological problems is to _____.

psychotherapy; psychoanalysis

clinical psychology; psychoanalysis

psychoanalysis; behavior therapy

psychotherapy; biomedical therapy – correct

Typically, a psychiatrist holds a(n):

academic doctorate and has had extensive training in psychological testing, psychotherapy, and prevention of mental and emotional disorders.

master’s degree and has had extensive supervised experience in couple or family therapy.

medical degree and may prescribe medications, electroconvulsive therapy, and other medical procedures in treating mental and emotional disorders. – correct

master’s degree in social work and has had an internship in a social service agency or mental health center.

The primary goal of psychoanalysis is to:

bring unconscious conflicts to conscious awareness to help the person gain insight into conflicts and resolve them. – correct

actively confront irrational thought patterns.

provide unconditional positive regard to the person seeking help.

learn and reinforce more productive behaviors in place of maladaptive behaviors.

Carolyn’s therapist told her to relax and spontaneously say whatever thoughts or images came to her mind. Carolyn’s therapist was using the psychoanalytic technique of:


dream interpretation

free association – correct


Tony uses the techniques of creating a control scene and Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) that her therapist taught her to manage her anxiety.  She is utilizing therapeutic techniques from which school?

behavioral psychology – correct

humanistic psychology

cognitive psychology

biological psychology

In psychoanalysis, transference refers to the:

patient unconsciously responding to the therapist as though the therapist were a significant person in the patient’s life. – correct

patient’s unconscious attempts to block the process of revealing repressed memories and conflicts.

patient’s inability to distinguish between real events and dream images.

patient attempting to blame friends and acquaintances for his or her problems.

Believing that the term patient implied that people seeking therapy were sick and seeking treatment from an all-knowing authority figure who would heal them, Carl Rogers preferred the term _____ to describe people in therapy.


client – correct



According to Carl Rogers, the client-centered therapist ideally should demonstrate:

genuineness, unconditional positive regard, and empathic understanding. – correct

challenge, confrontation, and resolution.

modeling, adaptive thinking patterns, and collaboration.

therapeutic neutrality, interpretations, and transference capacity.

According to Carl Rogers, psychological problems develop when:

a person is exposed to excessive unconditional positive regard.

a person consistently experiences conditional acceptance from other significant people in his or her life. – correct

unconscious conflicts are not recognized.

a person’s parents unconsciously reinforce unhealthy behaviors rather than healthy behaviors.

The basic assumption of behavior therapy is that:

every family has unspoken rules of interaction and communication that have contributed to the current difficulties.

adaptive and maladaptive behaviors are learned. – correct

faulty patterns of thinking are producing the current difficulties.

the therapist must be nondirective and provide the client with unconditional positive regard and empathic understanding.

Vivian’s psychologist is using systematic desensitization to help Vivian overcome her phobia of driving over bridges. As one of the steps in the process of systematic desensitization, Vivian’s psychologist has her:

create an anxiety hierarchy. – correct

repeatedly watch The Bridge Over the River Kwai, a movie about British and American prisoners of war who are forced to construct a bridge.

attend a self-help group.

consult her family doctor to obtain a prescription for antianxiety medications.

_____ is to rational-emotive therapy (RET) as _____ is to cognitive therapy (CT).

Carl Rogers; Aaron Beck

Albert Ellis; Carl Rogers

Albert Ellis; Aaron Beck – correct

Sigmund Freud; Albert Ellis

The first step in cognitive therapy is to help the client:

recognize and monitor automatic thoughts, especially those that reflect negative cognitive biases. – correct

learn how to dispute and challenge irrational beliefs in a wide variety of situations.

create a baseline record of the incidence of the problem behavior.

learn how to free associate and interpret dreams.

Jeff drops his stack of overhead transparencies during an important presentation at a company meeting. Although flustered, he quickly recovers, picks up where he left off, and finishes his presentation to a round of enthusiastic applause and a personal compliment from the company president. But afterward, Jeff agonizes over his single mistake and is certain that he has forever disgraced himself in the eyes of his superiors and will never get promoted. According to cognitive therapy (CT), Jeff is demonstrating a(n) _____ called _____.

irrational belief; overgeneralization

ego defense mechanism; projection

dysfunctional thought pattern; personalizatio

dysfunctional thought pattern; filtering – correct