Genes Inherit – Psychology Quiz 2

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Genes Inherit – Psychology Quiz 2

The key terms of Psychology Chapter 2 Quiz include, Genes, Chromosome, Genetic Syndrome, Inherit.


When someone has Klinefelter’s syndrome, what are the basic symptoms?

high-pitched voice, feminine body shape, breast enlargement, and infertility – correct

slender build, severe acne, and poor coordination

short stature, small jaws, and extra folds of skin around the neck

short, stocky build, and round face; almond-shaped eyes; and a flattened nose


When multiple genes interact to produce a given trait, this is referred to as ______.

heterozygous inheritance

incomplete dominance

genomic imprinting

polygenic inheritance – correct


Andrew and Alexandra are dizygotic twins. A statement that describes them is that they ______.

originated from the same zygote

are a rare combination in terms of fertilization

must have the same hair color and eye color

share about one half of their genes – correct


The biological process that results in gametes is referred to as ______.

meiosis – correct

gamete transfer

gametosis

mitosis


Marisol works with people who wish to become parents, helping them determine whether there is a risk that their children will inherit genetic defects and chromosomal abnormalities. This type of work is referred to as _______.

genetic counseling – correct

prenatal diagnosis

amniocentesis

chromosomal analysis


Which factor may cause genes to mutate?

high-fat diet

young maternal age

vitamin deficiency

exposure to radiation – correct


Arlo is a man who produces high levels of testosterone, which results in severe acne and poor coordination. He also has a slender build. What syndrome of chromosomal abnormality does he most likely have?

Turner

Klinefelter’s

triple-X

Jacob’s – correct


A research finding about adopted children is that they ______.

are more likely to have adjustment difficulties – correct

have more educational resources than other children

have more achievements throughout life

children inherit genetic syndrome

show more engagement during class in school


Of the following statements, which is the best description of how genes influence personal characteristics?

Heart disease is so strongly influenced by environmental factors that genes rarely play a role in one’s risk.

Even for traits heavily influenced by genetics, interventions can influence how they are expressed. – correct

Identical twins share 100% of their genes and are therefore 100% alike in personal characteristics.

Monozygotic twins and dizygotic twins are equally similar in terms of genetic inheritance.


Of the following disorders, which is the result of dominant inheritance?

sickle cell anemia

cystic fibrosis

Huntington’s disease – correct

Down syndrome


When multiple genes interact to produce a given trait, this is referred to as ______.

incomplete dominance

heterozygous inheritance

genomic imprinting

polygenic inheritance – correct


When someone has Klinefelter’s syndrome, what are the basic symptoms?

high-pitched voice, feminine body shape, breast enlargement, and infertility – correct

slender build, severe acne, and poor coordination

short stature, small jaws, and extra folds of skin around the neck

short, stocky build, and round face; almond-shaped eyes; and a flattened nose


When multiple genes interact to produce a given trait, this is referred to as ______.

heterozygous inheritance

incomplete dominance

genomic imprinting

polygenic inheritance – correct


Andrew and Alexandra are dizygotic twins. A statement that describes them is that they ______.

originated from the same zygote

are a rare combination in terms of fertilization

must have the same hair color and eye color

share about one half of their genes – correct


The biological process that results in gametes is referred to as ______.

meiosis – correct

gamete transfer

gametosis

mitosis


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