Synovial Joints – Biology Exam

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Synovial Joints – Biology Exam

The key terms of Biology Exam include, Synovial, Joints, Ligaments, Capsule, Surfaces, Cartilage.



Which is not true about synovial joints?

All articulating bone surfaces are covered with articular cartilage.
Synovial joints are enclosed by fibrous articular capsules.
Synovial fluid is secreted by the synovial membrane.
Ligaments strengthen and reinforce joints.
Blood circulates within the joint cavity to nourish the articular cartilage. – correct


Which is not a function of synovial fluid?

Nourishes osteocytes – correct
Lubricates articulating surfaces
Removes wastes
Serves as shock absorber
Distributes stress forces across articular surfaces


Which is not true regarding ligaments?

Intracapsular ligaments are within the articular capsule.
Ligaments are composed of dense regular connective tissue.
Extrinsic ligaments are physically separate from the articular capsule.
Intrinsic ligaments are thickenings of the articular cartilage. – correct
Extracapsular ligaments are outside the articular capsule.


Which are not considered to be features of a synovial joint?
Muscles – correct
Nerves
Blood vessels
Articular cartilage
Synovial fluid



Functionally, a gomphosis is categorized as a

cartilagenous joint.
diarthrosis.
synarthrosis. – correct
synovial joint.


The interosseous membrane between the radius and the ulna is an example of a

synchondrosis.
suture.
synostosis.
synarthrosis.
syndesmosis. – correct


Structurally, a syndesmosis is a _________ joint; functionally, it is a __________.

cartilagenous; diarthrosis
cartilagenous; amphiarthrosis
fibrous; amphiarthrosis – correct
fibrous; synarthrosis
ball and socket; pivot


A synarthrosis is

always made of cartilage.
a joint that has a capsule.
a joint within a fetus that ossifies during early development.
immobile. – correct
slightly mobile.


The pubic symphysis is classified as a

cartilaginous joint and an amphiarthrosis.
fibrous joint and a synarthrosis.
synovial joint and a diarthrosis.
cartilaginous joint and a synarthrosis. – correct
fibrous joint and an amphiarthrosis.


A synarthrotic joint would have

high mobility and high stability.
high mobility and low stability.
low mobility and low stability.
low mobility and high stability. – correct


Which is not a cartilaginous joint?

First costochondral joint
Intervertebral joint
Second costochondral joint
First sternocostal joint
Second sternocostal joint – correct


In a young person, the joint between the sphenoid bone and the occipital bone is a

suture.
synchondrosis. – correct
syndesmosis.
symphysis.
gomphosis.


What type of cartilage is located between the bones in a symphysis?

Elastic cartilage
Reticular cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
Fibrocartilage – correct
Sutural cartilage


Which is not true about synovial joints?

All articulating bone surfaces are covered with articular cartilage.
Synovial joints are enclosed by fibrous articular capsules.
Synovial fluid is secreted by the synovial membrane.
Ligaments strengthen and reinforce joints.
Blood circulates within the joint cavity to nourish the articular cartilage. – correct


Which is not a function of synovial fluid?

Nourishes osteocytes – correct
Lubricates articulating surfaces
Removes wastes
Serves as shock absorber
Distributes stress forces across articular surfaces


Which is not true regarding ligaments?

Intracapsular ligaments are within the articular capsule.
Ligaments are composed of dense regular connective tissue.
Extrinsic ligaments are physically separate from the articular capsule.
Intrinsic ligaments are thickenings of the articular cartilage. – correct
Extracapsular ligaments are outside the articular capsule.


Which are not considered to be features of a synovial joint?
Muscles – correct
Nerves
Blood vessels
Articular cartilage
Synovial fluid