Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Genomes (DNA – RNA) – Biology

Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Genomes (DNA – RNA) Biology Homework ch 10, 11

Chapter 10 & 11 – These Biology homework discussions include Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Genomes and the study of DNA and RNA.


Which is a characteristic of prokaryotic genomes but not eukaryotic genomes?

includes mitochondrion and chloroplast DNA

enclosed in a nuclear membrane

linear chromosomes

typically consist of a few to several chromosomes

circular chromosome and possibly plasmids  – correct


Which nucleotide base is in DNA but not RNA?

cytosine

guanine

Thymine  – correct

adenine

uracil


Which nucleotide base is in RNA but not DNA?

cytosine

adenine

guanine

uracil- correct

thymine


A DNA nucleotide contains the sugar _______ and a RNA nucleotide contains the sugar ________.

glucose, ribose

deoxyribose, glucose

ribose, deoxyribose

ribose, glucose

deoxyribose, ribose- correct


Occurs in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells and cytoplasm for prokaryotic cells

Transcription- correct

Translation


Occurs in the cytoplasm for both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells

Transcription

Translation- correct


Uses DNA as the template strand

Transcription- correct

Translation


Creates a protein

Transcription

Translation- correct


Creates an RNA molecule

Transcription- correct

Translation


Requires a promotor region for RNA polymerase to bind

Translation

Transcription- correct


Occurs at the ribosome

Translation- correct 

Transcription


If the DNA template sequence is: CTA GCA TGC CAT.

What is the complementary DNA sequence?

GUT CGT UCG CTU

GAU GCU AGC CUA

GAT GCT AGC CTA

GAU CGU ACG GUA

GAT CGT ACG GTA- correct


If the DNA template sequence is: CTA GCA TGC CAT.

What is the complementary mRNA sequence?

GAT CGT ACG GTA

GAU GCU AGC CUA

GUT CGT UCG CTU

GAU CGU ACG GUA- correct

GAT GCT AGC CTA


Which is a characteristic of prokaryotic genomes but not eukaryotic genomes?

typically consist of a few to several chromosomes

circular chromosome and possibly plasmids- correct

linear chromosomes

includes mitochondrion and chloroplast DNA

enclosed in a nuclear membrane


Which nucleotide base is in DNA but not RNA?

uracil

guanine

thymine- correct

cytosine

adenine


Which nucleotide base is in RNA but not DNA?

thymine

guanine

adenine

cytosine

uracil- correct


A DNA nucleotide contains the sugar _______ and a RNA nucleotide contains the sugar ________.

deoxyribose, ribose- correct

glucose, ribose

ribose, glucose

ribose, deoxyribose

deoxyribose, glucose


Occurs in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells and cytoplasm for prokaryotic cells

Transcription- correct

Translation


Occurs in the cytoplasm for both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells

Transcription

Translation- correct


Uses DNA as the template strand

Translation

Transcription- correct


Creates a protein

Translation- correct

Transcription


Creates an RNA molecule

Transcription- correct

Translation


Requires a promotor region for RNA polymerase to bind

Transcription- correct

Translation


Occurs at the ribosome

Translation- correct

Transcription


If the DNA template sequence is: CTA GCA TGC CAT.

What is the complementary DNA sequence?

GAT CGT ACG GTA- correct

GAU GCU AGC CUA

GAU CGU ACG GUA

GUT CGT UCG CTU

GAT GCT AGC CTA


If the DNA template sequence is: CTA GCA TGC CAT.

What is the complementary mRNA sequence?

GAT CGT ACG GTA

GAU CGU ACG GUA- correct

GAU GCU AGC CUA

GUT CGT UCG CTU

GAT GCT AGC CTA


Which is a characteristic of prokaryotic genomes but not eukaryotic genomes?

typically consist of a few to several chromosomes

includes mitochondrion and chloroplast DNA

circular chromosome and possibly plasmids- correct

enclosed in a nuclear membrane

linear chromosomes


Which nucleotide base is in DNA but not RNA?

uracil

guanine

cytosine

thymine- correct

adenine


Which nucleotide base is in RNA but not DNA?

adenine

uracil- correct

thymine

cytosine

guanine


A DNA nucleotide contains the sugar _______ and a RNA nucleotide contains the sugar ________.

ribose, deoxyribose

glucose, ribose

deoxyribose, glucose

ribose, glucose

deoxyribose, ribose- correct


Occurs in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells and cytoplasm for prokaryotic cells

Transcription- correct

Translation


Occurs in the cytoplasm for both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells

Translation- correct

Transcription


Uses DNA as the template strand

Translation

Transcription- correct


Creates a protein

Transcription

Translation- correct


Creates an RNA molecule

Translation

Transcription- correct


Requires a promotor region for RNA polymerase to bind

Translation

Transcription- correct


Occurs at the ribosome

Translation- correct

Transcription


If the DNA template sequence is: CTA GCA TGC CAT.

What is the complementary DNA sequence?

GAU GCU AGC CUA

GUT CGT UCG CTU

GAU CGU ACG GUA

GAT GCT AGC CTA

GAT CGT ACG GTA- correct


If the DNA template sequence is: CTA GCA TGC CAT.

What is the complementary mRNA sequence?

GAT GCT AGC CTA

GUT CGT UCG CTU

GAT CGT ACG GTA

GAU GCU AGC CUA

GAU CGU ACG GUA- correct


If the DNA template sequence is: CTA GCA TGC CAT.

What are the 4 tRNA sequences?

CAU GCU AGC CUA

CUT GCT UGC CTU

CAT GCT AGC CTA

CUA GCA UGC CAU – correct

GAU CGU ACG GUA


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