Nursing Education & Research Improvement

Nursing Education & Research Improvement

This lesson covers Nursing Education & Research Improvement.


Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN)

Patient -Centered Care • Teamwork and Collaboration • Evidence-Based Practice • Quality Improvement • Safety • Informatics


Quality and Performance Improvement

Every health care organization gathers data on health outcome measures as a way to gauge their quality of care. • Quality Improvement – Medication delivery – Fall management • Performance Management – Ulcers – VAP – Hospital acquired infections


Evidence – Based Practice (EBP

A problem solving approach to clinical practice
• Integrates the best evidence, clinical expertise, and values in decision making


Step of Evidence-Based Practice

1. Ask a clinical question 2. Collect the most relevant and best evidence 3. Critically evaluate the evidence you collected 4. Integrate all evidence with ones clinical expertise and client preference and values in making a practice decision or change. 5. Evaluate the practice decision or change


Ask a clinical question

Problem on interest – Time consuming – Costly


PICO Question

– P= patient population of interest – I= intervention of interest – C= comparison of interest – O= outcome


Collect the Best Evidence

– Research journals • AHRQ • CINAL MEDLINE • National Guideline Clearinghouse – Nursing journals • AJN • AACN – Peer-reviewed journal


Evaluation of the Evidence

– Analyzing the data – Determine the value and feasibility in making practice change – Evaluate scientific merit and clinical applicabilty – Careful review of the article


Integrate the Evidence

– Evidence is strong and appropriate for practice change – Incorporate the research in the plan of care for the client – Meet with policy and procedure makers – Pilot study


Evaluation

Does the intervention work? – Is it effective – Track effectiveness in intervals 3-6-12 months


Nursing Research

Nursing research provides a way for nursing questions and problems to be studied in broader context. • Identify new knowledge • Improve professional education and practice • Use resources effectively


Outcomes Management Research

Designed to assess and document the effectiveness of health care services and interventions • A response of the health care industry to demands from policy makers, insurers, and public – Examples: Central line infections, fall’s, HAI’s


Research Process

Study with human subjects – Institutional review board (IRB)
• Informed consent – Full disclosure of purpose – Full understanding – Free choice
• Confidentiality – Guarantees information provided will no identify the subject or give information to people outside the research team
• Anonymity – Cannot link subject to data


Nursing

is defined as a protection promotion and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations (American Nurses Association (ANA), 2010b)


Nursing Historical Events

1860 Florence Nightingale notes on nursing • Established first nursing philosophy based on health maintenance and restoration • Developed the first program for training nurses • Use EBP in her practice


Modern influences in Nursing

Early 20th century nurses expanded and advanced practice roles were established – In the early 1950s specialty nursing organizations formed – Social influence • Health care reform • Women health care • Human rights • Threat of bioterrorism • Nursing Shortage


Consumer influence

Culture diversity • Healthy people.gov – Safety • National patient safety goals – Health promotion and wellness • Exercise • Nutrition


Nursing as a Profession

A profession requires an extended education of its members • A profession has a theoretical body of knowledge leading to define skills abilities and norms • A profession provides a specific service • Members of a profession have autonomy in decision-making and practice • The profession as a whole has a code of ethics and practice


Scope and Standards of Practice

Standard of Practice
• Standards of professional performance
• Code of Ethics


ANA Standard of Nursing Practic

1. Assessment 2. Diagnosis 3. Outcomes identifications 4. Planning 5. Implementation 6. Evaluation


ANA Standard of Professional Performance

1. Quality of practice 2. Education 3. Professional practice evaluation 4. Collegiality 5. Collaboration 6. Ethics 7. Research 8. Resource utilization 9. Leadership


Responsibilities and Roles of a Nurse

Autonomy and Accountability • Caregiver • Advocate • Educator • Communicator • Manager • Career development


Nursing Education

RN program – AD -2 year program – BSN- 4 year program – MSN • Educator • Administrator • Advance practice Nurse (NP, CNS, Mid-wife) – DSN/DNP


Licensure: NCLEX-RN

National Council Licensure Exam for Registered Nurses – Given by each State Board of Nursing – The same in every state – Provides a standardized minimum knowledge base for nurses


Certification

In a specific area of practice – Minimum requirements are set based on the certification – Maintain by ongoing CEU


Continuing education

Formal educational programs – Update knowledge on latest research and practices – Teaches new skills


In-Service education

Instructional or training program


Clinical Nurse Specialist

Expert clinician in specialized area – Educators, consultants and researchers


Nurse Practitioner

Care for clients in an ambulatory setting – Acute care, family, pediatric, women, and geriatric


Certified Nurse-Midwife

Care of women during pregnancy, labor and delivery – Care of new born, GYN services, family planning


Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist

Provide surgical anesthesia under the guidance and supervision of an anesthesiologist


Educator

Works in schools, staff development, and education departments – Doctorate or advanced degrees in nursing, education, or administration


Administrator

Assistant nurse manager, manager, director, Chief nurse executive. – Holds a masters degree in business, hospital administration or public health


Researcher

Investigate problems to improve nursing care – Academic setting, hospitals – Masters or doctoral degree


Nursing Organizations

American Association of College Nurses (AACN) • National League of Nurses • Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing, Inc. ( formally NLNAC) • American Nurses Association(ANA) • National Student Nurses Association


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