Weather Temperature and Earth Atmosphere

Weather Temperature and Earth Atmosphere

This chapter is about Weather Temperature and Earth Atmosphere.

What is the process where rocks, gas, and dust collided to form the planets in our solar system, including earth?

  • accretion – correct
  • outgassing
  • photodissociation
  • vaporization

Which of the following conditions characterizes atmosphere III?

  • water vapor- and carbon dioxide-rich
  • nitrogen- and oxygen-rich
  • hydrogen- and helium-rich
  • nitrogen-rich and oxygen-poor – correct

Which of the following layers of the atmosphere were most influenced by the transition from atmosphere III to the modern atmosphere?

  • troposphere and stratosphere – correct
  • thermosphere and stratosphere
  • mesosphere and troposphere
  • troposphere and thermosphere

Which gas in the atmosphere protects living things from ultraviolet light?

  • oxygen
  • ozone – correct
  • water vapor
  • carbon dioxide

Which stage of atmospheric evolution is characterized by conditions rich in water vapor and carbon dioxide?

  • atmosphere III
  • modern atmosphere
  • atmosphere I
  • atmosphere II – correct

Which of the following produced most of the oxygen that is found in the atmosphere today?

  • photodissociation
  • outgassing
  • living organisms – correct
  • condensation

Which layer of the atmosphere absorbs significant amounts of ultraviolet light?

  • cryosphere
  • thermosphere
  • mesosphere
  • stratosphere – correct

Which layer of the atmosphere does the space shuttle travel in?

  • troposphere
  • mesosphere
  • stratosphere
  • thermosphere – correct

What is the tropopause?

  • the boundary between the troposphere and the stratosphere – correct
  • the boundary between the troposphere and the mesosphere
  • the boundary between the troposphere and the ionosphere
  • the boundary between the troposphere and the exosphere

Which of the following is important for a temperature inversion?

  • two layers of warm air
  • two layers of warm air, one on top of the other
  • a layer of cold air over one of warm air
  • a layer of warm air over a layer of cold air – correct

Chemicals released into the air from human activity, such as sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, and nitrous oxide, interact with the atmosphere to make acid rain. In which atmospheric layer does this process happen?

  • mesosphere
  • troposphere – correct
  • thermosphere
  • stratosphere

Earth’s second atmosphere (atmosphere II) was a thick atmosphere of primarily water vapor and carbon dioxide. What effects did this have on earth?

  • Ultraviolet light split water vapor into hydrogen and oxygen.
  • Helium and hydrogen gases escaped earth’s gravity.
  • Heat energy was retained and water vapor condensed. – correct
  • Increased oxygen allowed reptiles to thrive.

Banded iron formations were caused by the production of which atmospheric gas?

  • oxygen – correct
  • water vapor
  • argon
  • helium

Which layer of the atmosphere contains a substance that was created from a product of living things and that protects living things?

  • ionopause
  • exosphere
  • ozone – correct
  • stratosphere

What is barometric pressure?

  • the pressure of the atmosphere – correct
  • the increase in the weight of the atmosphere as elevation increases
  • the pressure of 1 metric ton of seawater
  • the increase in temperature as elevation increases

Which process in living things evolved as oxygen levels increased in earth’s atmosphere?

  • aerobic respiration – correct
  • mold spore production
  • glycolysis
  • photosynthesis

A rising barometer indicates the approach of which of the following air masses?

  • cold, wet air mass
  • cold, dry air mass – correct
  • warm, dry air mass
  • hot, wet air mass

Earth’s second atmosphere (atmosphere II) was produced primarily by which process?

  • condensation
  • biological activity
  • outgassing – correct
  • photodissociation

Which observation indicates that rain is approaching?

  • rising barometer, increased cloudiness, rising temperatures
  • rising barometer, decreased cloudiness, falling temperatures
  • falling barometer, increased cloudiness, rising temperatures – correct
  • falling barometer, increased cloudiness, falling temperatures

Which were the earliest oxygen-producing life-forms?

  • dinosaurs
  • cyanobacteria – correct
  • seaweeds
  • ferns

Which of the following is the third layer of the atmosphere?

  • exosphere
  • stratopause
  • mesosphere – correct
  • ozone

During the day, Susan notices that the wind is blowing onshore at the beach. What is this called?

  • land breeze
  • global wind
  • monsoon
  • sea breeze – correct

Where is the sun’s energy most concentrated?

  • at the equator – correct
  • at the South Pole
  • in the United States
  • at the North Pole

What creates a global wind?

  • an area of low pressure
  • differences in heating – correct
  • air over the ocean
  • an area of high pressure

It is better to enter a port or beach during the daytime because of which of the following?

  • winter monsoon
  • land breeze
  • sea breeze – correct
  • summer monsoon

What is the area of calm winds near the equator called?

  • doldrums – correct
  • polar easterlies
  • trade winds
  • horse latitudes

Which winds did early explorers prefer to use in their travels?

  • polar easterlies
  • doldrums
  • trade winds – correct
  • horse latitudes

Where do the trade winds occur?

  • 30° N or S
  • on the equator
  • in local areas
  • 30° N or S to the equator – correct

Where are the horse latitudes located?

  • near the equator
  • 30° N or S latitude – correct
  • 60° N or S latitude
  • near the poles

The ozone layer is found in which layer of the atmosphere?

  • mesosphere
  • thermosphere
  • troposphere
  • stratosphere – correct

Which gas is found in the greatest abundance in the modern atmosphere?

  • helium
  • nitrogen – correct
  • neon
  • oxygen

Earth’s early atmosphere was shaped initially by which of the following?

  • outgassing of volcanoes – correct
  • photosynthesis of land plants
  • moving clouds
  • respiration of mammals

The atmosphere is heated most by which of the following?

  • conduction
  • convection
  • radiation – correct
  • wind

What is produced by converging trade winds?

  • west winds
  • horse latitudes
  • doldrums – correct
  • northerlies

Air flowing from the equator to the poles rises and falls in looping patterns. What are these patterns called?

  • convection cells – correct
  • emanation cells
  • the Coriolis effect
  • radiation

How does the Coriolis effect deflect objects in the Northern Hemisphere?

  • to the right – correct
  • to the south
  • to the north
  • to the left

Which of the following statements describes the movement of air?

  • from south to north
  • from low pressure to high pressure
  • from north to south
  • from high pressure to low pressure – correct

What are the lines on a weather map that connect places of equal pressure called?

  • isobars – correct
  • longitude lines
  • isotherms
  • pressure gradient forces

Which way do monsoon winds blow during the summer months?

  • toward the sea
  • counterclockwise
  • toward the land – correct
  • clockwise

Which statement best describes a difference between land and water surfaces?

  • Land surfaces heat up slower but cool faster than water surfaces.
  • Land surfaces heat up and cool down faster than water surfaces. – correct
  • Land surfaces heat up and cool down slower than water surfaces.
  • Land surfaces heat up faster than water surfaces and cool slower.

What happens to the sun’s energy when it hits clouds, ice, and snow?

  • It is reflected. – correct
  • It cools down.
  • It transfers heat by convection.
  • It is absorbed.

Which of the following statements about the Coriolis effect is correct?

  • The Coriolis effect works at right angles to the direction of airflow. – correct
  • The Coriolis effect is not affected by wind speed.
  • The Coriolis effect does not affect wind direction.
  • The Coriolis effect is weakest at the poles.

Where is the concentration of sunlight the greatest?

  • the equator – correct
  • the North Pole
  • the horse latitudes
  • the South Pole

Which is an example of weather?

  • the time for high tide in Daytona Beach today
  • the increase in temperature over North America over the past decade
  • the average rainfall in Arizona over the previous three months
  • the temperature and wind speed in Philadelphia today – correct

Which of the following air conditions would be least likely to have precipitation?

  • cold, moist air
  • warm, moist air
  • cold, dry air – correct
  • warm, dry air

Changes in air pressure directly affect which of the following?

  • the movement of air – correct
  • the temperature of air
  • the amount of moisture in air
  • the size of the air mass

Which instrument would a meteorologist use to measure weather data from the upper atmosphere?

  • radiosonde – correct
  • ceilometer
  • anemometer
  • satellite

Which device has liquid in glass components?

  • thermometer – correct
  • radar
  • hygrometer
  • celiometer

Use the letter W, M, P, or T to indicate what the instrument measures:

W = wind, M = moisture, P = pressure, T = temperature

barometer  _____________


Use the letter W, M, P, or T to indicate what the instrument measures:

W = wind, M = moisture, P = pressure, T = temperature

hygrometer ______________


Use the letter W, M, P, or T to indicate what the instrument measures:

W = wind, M = moisture, P = pressure, T = temperature

anemometer  ______________


Use the letter W, M, P, or T to indicate what the instrument measures:

W = wind, M = moisture, P = pressure, T = temperature

thermometer _______________


Use the letter W, M, P, or T to indicate what the instrument measures:

W = wind, M = moisture, P = pressure, T = temperature

aerovane ______________


Which air condition would be least likely to have precipitation?

  • warm, moist air
  • cold, moist air
  • cold, dry air – correct
  • warm, dry air

What should be done when the National Weather Service issues a severe weather watch?

  • Evacuate immediately.
  • Begin to prepare. – correct
  • Seek shelter immediately.
  • Take immediate action.

Which instrument measures weather data from the upper atmosphere?

  • ceilometer
  • anemometer
  • satellite
  • radiosonde – correct

If the clouds in the image are seen in the sky, which type of weather might be expected?

Weather Temperature and Earth Atmosphere
  • dry wind
  • heavy rain or snow – correct
  • no precipitation
  • a hurricane

Which severe weather occurrence includes an eye, eyewall, and rain bands?

  • hurricane – correct
  • tornado
  • blizzard
  • thunderstorm

The symbol shown here denotes which type of weather condition?

Weather Temperature and Earth Atmosphere
  • cold front – correct
  • warm front
  • occluded front
  • stationary front

Which instrument is used to measure air pressure?

  • thermometer
  • barometer – correct
  • anemometer
  • hygrometer

This graph represents the probability of a particular type of severe weather occurring in two cities over the course of 13 months. Think about the geographic location of each city and how the probability varies based on the time of year. Based on this information and what you have learned about severe weather in this unit, which severe weather is represented by the lines on the graph?

  • snowstorms
  • tornadoes – correct
  • ice storms
  • rising tides

Which type of weather is usually associated with cumulonimbus clouds?

  • heavy rain or snow
  • thunderstorms – correct
  • light rain or snow
  • fair weather

Which uplift mechanism is pictured here?

  • anterior wedging
  • localized convective uplift
  • convergence
  • orographic uplift – correct

Which tool would be most useful for determining the presence of a tornado?

  • weather balloon
  • rain gauge
  • Doppler radar – correct
  • barometer

When a meteorologist studies the increase in temperature over North America, what is she studying?

  • weather
  • climate – correct
  • barometric pressure
  • cloud formation

Which state is likely to have the most tornadoes per year?

  • Idaho
  • North Dakota
  • Maine
  • Louisiana – correct

Which region in the United States has the fewest thunderstorms per year?

  • Southeast
  • Midwest
  • West – correct
  • Great Plains

Which conditions are required for a thunderstorm to form?

  • moisture, unstable air, and fog
  • dry and stable air, and a way for the surface air to rise
  • moisture, motionless air, and a warm front
  • moisture, unstable air, and a way for the surface air to rise – correct

A stationary front is the starting point in the formation of which choice?

  • thunderstorm
  • midlatitude cyclone – correct
  • tornado
  • tropical cyclone

Which of the following is an appropriate action if you are caught outside in a thunderstorm?

  • Seek shelter under a highway overpass.
  • Squat down low and cover your head. – correct
  • Put up your umbrella.
  • Lie face down in a ditch.

How much water should you have in a severe weather emergency supply kit?

  • a couple of bottles
  • 1 gallon per person per day – correct
  • 10 gallons per person per day
  • 1 gallon

What are the signs of a tornado?

  • flying debris only
  • a visible funnel cloud only
  • dark skies, flying debris, and a freight train noise – correct
  • rain and flying debris

Which of the following states would likely get hit by both hurricanes and tornadoes?

  • Washington
  • Montana
  • Texas – correct
  • Massachusetts

Which of the following weather processes produces snow in the Rocky Mountains?

  • warm winds blowing over warm water
  • wind shear in thunderstorms
  • orographic uplift and cooler temperatures – correct
  • diverging air masses

Hurricanes are least likely to form in which of the following?

  • the Carribean Sea
  • the Atlantic Ocean
  • the Gulf of Mexico
  • Lake Michigan – correct

Converging warm winds over warm ocean waters are the starting point for which of the following?

  • midlatitude cyclone
  • tornado
  • thunderstorm
  • tropical cyclone – correct

A mesocyclone is an important part in which storm system?

  • midlatitude cyclone
  • tropical cyclone
  • tornado – correct
  • thunderstorm

Which of the following will lead to a thunderstorm?

  • moisture, motionless air, and a cold front
  • moisture, unstable air, and low cloud cover
  • dry and stable air, and a way for the surface air to rise
  • moisture, unstable air, and a way for the surface air to rise – correct

Which type of cloud is often taken to be a sign of fair weather?

  • altostratus
  • cumulus – correct
  • stratus
  • nimbostratus

Orographic uplift is best described as __________.

  • airflow confronting a mountain barrier, causing the air to rise – correct
  • warm, moist air rising over cold, dense air
  • two airflows colliding head on
  • air being forced upward

Which type of weather might you expect to find if cumulonimbus clouds are present?

  • thunderstorms – correct
  • heavy rain or snow
  • no precipitation
  • light rain or snow

At which point will a cloud form?

  • when the water vapor forms ice crystals
  • when air reaches 10,000 ft
  • when the temperature of the rising air falls below the dew point – correct
  • when the temperature of the rising air rises above the dew point

Which of the following devices measures air pressure?

  • barometer – correct
  • anemometer
  • Doppler radar
  • thermometer

Increasing air pressure indicates which of the following types of air is moving into your area?

  • cold, dry air – correct
  • cold, moist air
  • warm, moist air
  • warm, dry air

If the temperature increases and the barometric pressure falls, then which symbols will denote this on a weather map?

  • Cold, moist air mass is approaching as a cold front.
  • Cold, dry air is approaching as a cold front.
  • An occluded front is approaching.
  • Warm, moist air mass is approaching as a warm front. – correct

Which of the following explains why it is not easy to tell the directions of movement of pressure centers and fronts from a surface map alone?

  • You must know the density and steepness of an approaching front.
  • You must know the location of major land masses such as mountains.
  • You must know the variations in temperature.
  • You must know the pressure changes and the patterns of circulation of the upper air. – correct

Homepage