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Dancing Forms


Developed during the mid 20th century

– The strong and controlled legwork of ballet
– Improvisation characteristic of modern dance
– Can incorporate elements from many dance styles

Example of Contemporary Dance

Runaway Music Video

What has become one of the dominant genres for formally trained dancers in the U.S. and Europe?



Developed alongside jazz music in New Orleans in the early 1900s

– Evolved from a fusion of African rhythms, European folk dances and the American jazz music of the 1920s
– Utilizes syncopation to heighten the power and energy of the style


movements of one body part while the other parts remain still

– A low center of gravity
High level of energy

What is the theatrical form of jazz dance called?

Modern jazz

Katherine Dunham

American dancer, choreographer, author, and social activist

– One of the most successful dance careers in American and European theater of the 20th century
– Started the Katherine Dunham School of Dance and Theatre near Times Square in New York City
– She introduced isolations to jazz dance

Bob Fosse

American dancer, musical theatre choreographer, director, screenwriter, film director and actor

– Work was always provocative, entertaining, and quite unlike anything ever before seen
– Won eight Tony Awards for choreography, one for direction

What movie did Bob Fosse write and direct about himself called?

All That Jazz


Like Jazz, Tap evolved in the early 20th Century from late 19th Century influences

– Rhythm is generated by using the sounds of tap shoes striking or sliding on the floor as a form of percussion
– The sound is made by shoes that have a metal “tap” on the heel and toe


a rhythm form of tap dancing that does not require special shoes

Rhythm tap

focuses on musicality

Broadway tap

focuses on dance; widely performed in musical theater

Sarah Reich

Performer, Choreographer, Instructor

One of the new leaders in Tap Dance


Street dance styles mostly performed to hip-hop music or that have evolved as part of hip-hop culture

Created in the 1970s and made popular by dance crews in the United States

Break Dancing

first hip hop dance style

What does foundational dances are included in hip-hop breaking?

Toprock, Downrock, Freezes, Power moves, Drops


footwork-oriented steps performed while standing up


footwork performed with both hands and feet on the floor


stylish poses done on your hands

Power moves

complex and impressive acrobatic moves


transitions from toprock to downrock

Pop and Lock

Largely improvisational – some basics apply

Contract and relax muscles in the arms, legs and torso. Do so in quick, pop-like motions

Flex the muscles arms, legs, or torso and grind shoulders, pause and remain in place for a specific amount of time, thereby “locking” it

Count to three (or other designated time) to the music, then pop into another position, locking it again

What is the basic staple of hip hop dancing?

pop and lock

New Style

Includes a wide range of styles

Studio hip-hop, sometimes called “new style”

What is studio hip-hop sometimes called?

New Style

– Short for New York Style – created by dancers outside the USA

What are some new styles of hip-hop?

New Style Dancing Battle in France

Hip-Hop ballet