Screen History – Arts & Humanities Exam

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Screen History – Arts & Humanities Exam

The key terms of Arts & Humanities Exam include, Screen, History, Film.


Where was the Lumiere’s film screening?

Basement of a Paris café

First theater opens to the paying public


Nickelodeon

1905 Movie theaters

– Admission = $.05-$.10 for a 15-60 minute production
– Audiences sat on benches, wooden seats
– Front display = hand painted signs
– Actors stood behind screen and spoke dialogue in synchronization with the action on the screen
– Sound effects were made with noisemakers behind the screen


Where did Warner Bros., Universal, Paramount, MGM get there start?

as Nickelodeon exhibitors


The Great Train Robbery

Based on a true robbery by Butch Cassidy

– First Western
– First to use editing as a storytelling technique
– One of the first to use panning and close-ups
– Moved from documentary to narrative


Film

Most familiar and easily accessible art form

Purpose and Function – Much like Theatre
– Personalize the spectrum of human emotions
– Confront/Examine the human condition
– Fantasy
– Escapism
– Entertainment


Film history

Initially, films were still pictures pulled across a projector
– Frame-Individual picture
– 24 frames per second


Narrative

– Tells a story
– Basic literary constructs
– Controlled setting
– Genre films
– Professional actors/crew


Documentary

– Not actors, real people in real situations
– Real time
– May use narrative structure
– Focus on reality


Eadweard Muybridge

1878 “Galloping Horses”


George Eastman

1884 – Developed celluloid film

– Originally created for the still camera, it made motion pictures possible
– Flexible and allows light to pass through


What was the first film in America?

Fred Ott’s Sneeze in 1889

– By William Dickson (working for Thomas Edison) begins using celluloid film
– Watched through a Kinetoscope


Auguste and Louis Lumiere

credited with the world’s first public film screening on December 28, 1895

Lumieres’ show:
– Workers leaving the Lumiere Factory
– Arrival at Lyon
– A Baby’s Meal


Where was the Lumiere’s film screening?

Basement of a Paris café

First theater opens to the paying public


Nickelodeon

1905 Movie theaters

– Admission = $.05-$.10 for a 15-60 minute production
– Audiences sat on benches, wooden seats
– Front display = hand painted signs
– Actors stood behind screen and spoke dialogue in synchronization with the action on the screen
– Sound effects were made with noisemakers behind the screen


Where did Warner Bros., Universal, Paramount, MGM get there start?

as Nickelodeon exhibitors


The Great Train Robbery

Based on a true robbery by Butch Cassidy

– First Western
– First to use editing as a storytelling technique
– One of the first to use panning and close-ups
– Moved from documentary to narrative


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