Pharmacy & Education Of Healthcare & Nursing

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Pharmacy & Education Of Healthcare & Nursing

In this chapter we discuss pharmacy and education of healthcare and nursing.


Entry level educational requirements for a dental hygienist include which of the following?

A. A degree from an accredited for a dental hygiene school


Most full time dentists work how many hours per week?

B. 35-40


Which of the following duties will be a pharmacotherapist perform?

D. All of these are correct


Which of the following are NOT factors that will continue to spur demand for pharmacists through the 2014 projection period?

D. Increased coverage by health insurance plans


How many years does the PharmD program generally take to complete

B. 4 years


Which of the following positions generally receives prescription requests, counts tablets, and labels bottles?

A. Pharmacy technicians


True or False? More aggressive and invasive testing improves health by protecting against disease, lessening the impact of disease, or detecting disease at an early stage when it is easier to treat.

False


Which of the following are examples of service categories within the healthcare industry?

preventive services, therapeutic services, diagnostic services


What is the function of the National Institutes of Health?

to develop wellness programs in public and private schools


Which of these government-funded programs is intended to provide individual healthcare services for the elderly population?

Medicare


Which one of these statements is correct?

the emphasis in public health is on prevention inn contrast to medical care, which emphasizes treatment of disease


Public health at the city and state level now include some important functions such as which of the following?

Licensing and accrediting health professionals, Setting standards for automobile safety devices, Supervising the quality of medical payment programs


Which of the following are examples of government funded health insurance programs?

medicare, medicaid, CHIP


In 2014, a total of 23% of the federal budget was spent on Medicaid and which of the following?

Medicare


Which of these statements best describes “fee for service”?

The provider is financially rewarded for volume.


True or False? In 2015 Medicaid provided coverage to 1 in 5 Americans, which makes it the nation’s largest public health insurance program.

True


True or False? The first pre-payment plan to cover physician services was Medicare.

False


In what year did the first Baby Boomers turn 65?

2011


The most important of future disabilities will be which of the following?

chronic diseases


A nursing home which provides the level of care closest to hospital care is called a(n):

skilled nursing facility


Non-medical facilities that provide a rooms or apartments, meals, housekeeping, medication management, assistance with ADLs as needed, and recreational activities are known as which of the following?

residential care communities/ assisted living facilities


True or False? Hospices are operated on the principle that the dying have special needs that hospital personnel are too busy to handle.

true


Which of the following is the minimum requirement to be eligible for entry into Medical School?

3 years of college


Formal education and training requirements for physicians generally include:

4 years of undergraduate school,
4 years of medical school, 3 to 8 years of internship and residency.


Which specialty employs the largest numbers of physicians?

family and general practitioners


Which area of specialty earned the highest salary in 2014?

hospitalist


How many hours of continuing medical education must a physician assistant (PA) complete every two years?

100


Beginning in 2014, how often must a PA pass a recertification examination or complete an alternative program combining learning experiences and a take-home examination?

every 10 years


In what settings would PAs provide most the health care for patients and consult with the supervising physician and other medical professionals as needed or required by law?

inner-cities clinics


Job opportunities for PAs will be best in states that offer which of the following to PAs?

wider scope of practice


The demand for skilled nurses is at an all-time high. Which of the reasons below is not one of the top three reasons for this increase in demand?

Greater numbers of the newly insured are seeking health care as a result of the Affordable Care Act.


The current primary focus of nurses training is which of the below?

managing chronic disease in community setting


Which of the following has increased the prevalence of chronic and degenerative diseases?

increased number of elderly


In 2014, what infectious agent was responsible for the largest epidemic in history and was spread to the United States by healthcare workers employed in West Africa?

ebola virus


Which of the following was the most important factor in the decline of mortality in the 20th century?

improvements in essential hygiene


Which of the following are examples of service categories within the healthcare industry?

Preventive services
Therapeutic services
Diagnostic services


What is the function of the National Institutes of Health?

To develop wellness programs in public and private schools


Which of these government-funded programs is intended to provide individual healthcare services for the elderly population?

medicare


Which one of these statements is correct?

The emphasis in public health is on prevention in contrast to medical care, which emphasizes treatment of disease.


Public health at the city and state level now include some important functions such as which of the following?

Licensing and accrediting health professionals
Setting standards for automobile safety devices
Supervising the quality of medical payment programs


Which of the following are examples of government funded health insurance programs?

medicare, medicaid, CHIP


In 2014, a total of 23% of the federal budget was spent on Medicaid and which of the following?

medicare


Which of these statements best describes “fee for service”?

the provider is finically rewarded for volume


In what year did the first Baby Boomers turn 65?

2011


The most important of future disabilities will be which of the following?

chronic disease


The leading causes of death in those age 65 and older are cancer and which of the following?

heart disease


A nursing home which provides the level of care closest to hospital care is called a(n):

skilled nursing facility


Nursing facility services are provided by Medicaid-certified nursing homes, which primarily provide which types of services?

long term care


Non-medical facilities that provide a rooms or apartments, meals, housekeeping, medication management, assistance with ADLs as needed, and recreational activities are known as which of the following?

residential care communities/ assisted living facilities


Which of the following is not one of the ways that access to health care was expanded?

Including pre-existing medical conditions on persons older than 75 years of age


Which of the following requirements ensured the same benefits for all Americans regardless of the source of insurance coverage?

essential health benefits


Which of the following was not an issue when the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was launched?

Preventative services were not available to those that were previously diagnosed with cancer and high blood pressure


The cost of health insurance premiums during the first year of the ACA varied within states and across the United States. Which of the following describes the different types of plans that were offered?

bronze, silver, gold. and platinum levels


What was the indicator of health care cost that was described as charity care?

uncompensated care


The use of electronic communications and information technologies to provide or support clinical care at a distance is known as which of the following?

telemedicine


One of the most important ways of improving the delivery of patient care and producing optimum outcomes is through the use of which of the following?

health IT


Which of these refers to the variety of technologies that provide healthcare practitioners with diagnostic and treatment recommendations?

a clinical decisions support systems (CDSS)


The Bureau of Labor Statistics classifies health care into three broad categories. Which of the following is not one of those categories?

Healthcare semi-skilled occupations


Females account for what percentage of the healthcare workers?

80%


Which of the following industries was one of the largest in 2013 (and projected to generate 4.1 million new jobs between 2012 and 2022)?

healthcare


According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, how many of the 20 fastest growing occupations are health-care related.

13


As a group, what are the best-known and largest single employers of health workers?

hospitals


True or False? Home health is expected to grow 60%, which is faster than any other healthcare industry in the next decade.

true


True or False? In some parts of the country, new health workers are finding it difficult to obtain jobs, while other communities cannot find enough workers to fill existing healthcare jobs

false


True or False? Professional certification is mandatory for individual health professionals and ensures the employer and the public that a health professional meets an established level of competence in their field.

false


True or False? In order for an individual to work in any field of healthcare they must be very knowledgeable in both science and math.

false


To sustain their careers over time, healthcare practitioners must be prepared to act in a professional manner. Which of the following examples would not display professionalism?

Talking about a patient in the presence of another patient.


Which of the following best describes ethics?

Formal study of moral choices
Making judgments between right and wrong
Listening to one’s conscience


Healthcare professionals display their understanding of the need for confidentiality in which of the following ways?

Upholding their obligation to maintain patient information in a manner that will not permit dissemination beyond the healthcare provider
Not making comments in public areas about patient information
Only discussing patient confidential information with those medical personnel who are involved in treating the patient


What are the two types of healthcare teams?

Functional and patient centered


True or False? Licensing refers to a right conferred by a governmental body to practice an occupation or provide a service.

true


True or False? Certification refers to the action or process of providing an individual with an official document attesting to their status or level of achievement.

true


True or False? The most common accusation leveled in a lawsuit against a healthcare practitioner is negligence.

false


True or False? The legal theory of “res ipsa loquitor” means the nurse is always held blameless

false


True or False? The process by which a professional seeks recurrent learning activities and training beyond that required for the initial license or certificate is referred to as continuing education.

true


Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations is a broad category with high educational requirements.

true


Negligence is a subcategory of malpractice.

true


All states require dental assistants to complete a minimum of which of the following?

States have varying requirements


Some of the qualifications a dental laboratory technician needs to perform their job duties include which of the following?

Manual dexterity
Good vision
An artistic aptitude for detailed work


What is the basic level of education required for a dental laboratory technician?

There is no set level of education required


True or False? Dentists may also perform surgery on a patient’s teeth and/or supporting bone structure.

true


True or False? A licensed dentist is not permitted to administer anesthetics.

false


Which of the following work environments would be appropriate for registered dietitian nutritionists?

Hospitals
Nursing care facility
Private practice


Which of the following work environments expect to continue to employ a large number of registered dietitian nutritionists?

Hospital


A clinical registered dietitian nutritionist can become board certified in which of the following specialty areas?

Gerontological nutrition (GSG)
Pediatric nutrition (CSP)
Oncology nutrition (CSO)


In order to maintain a registered dietitian nutritionist status, a person must do which of the following?

Complete at least 75 credit hours of continuing education every 5 years


Which of the following industries paid out the highest median annual wage for dietitians and nutritionists in 2013?

Food and nutrition management


Which of the following duties will a pharmacotherapist perform?

Making hospital rounds with the physicians
Talking with patients about medications
Monitoring pharmaceutical use


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