USA War History & Reformation Theses – History

USA War History & Reformation Theses

This chapter covers USA War History and Reformation theses.


Martin Luther

started reformation (wrote the 95 Theses


95 theses

against indulgences the church sold


Gold, God, glory

reasons why the Europeans explored


Line of demarcation

line splitting world between Portugal and Spain


Columbian exchange

exchange between Columbus and Indians of diseases


Henry VIII

part of reformation; separated from Roman Catholic Church and started church of England


Elizabeth I

Great Queen-probably not on Test


Ferdinand and Isabella

financed Columbus’ trip to “India”-Spain


Triangular trade

slaves sold to America for raw materials these materials shipped to England


Enlightenment or age of reason

when they started thinking for themselves and relied on reason and logic


Industrialization

Things are starting to become more automated; it went from rural living to towns and cities; a time of invention, creativity, and an increase of production


French Estates

Church first estate, Nobility second estate,Peasants third estate


Louis XVI

he was beheaded by the guillotine


Marie Antoinette

guillotined Louis XVI’s wife


Robespierre

most infamous leader in French revolution


Bastille day

Beginning of the French Revolution Stormed the prison at Bastille


Napoleon Bonaparte

took over France, made it better, and was a dictator, sought to take over the world


Waterloo

Duke of Wellington defeated Napoleon Bonaparte at this battle


Napoleonic code

greatest achievement that made France so much better


Congress of Vienna (1815)

Countries get together and redraw the boundaries; to restore the old monarchies, to restore peace


Crimean War impact

France thought itself much more powerful than it was,
Romanticized, “the Battle of the light brigade”
Florence Nightingale


Age of Imperialism

the expansion that led to more power given to the countries that owned the most colonies.
In comes the racist “White Man’s Burden”


WWl Main Causes

militarism developed big armies, nationalism a pride for one’s colony, imperialism the gaining of colonies you needed to protect them, alliances partnership during war


Woodrow WIlson

president of USA during this war


League of Nations

where countries would join in alliances with each other, USA never joined


Treaty of versailles

blamed Germany and hurt Germany w/ war guilt clause


Black Tuesday

when stock market crashed


Hooverville-

little cardboard cities during depression


Bonus Army

March of WWII veterans that wanted their promised money early to help themselves during the depression


Hobo

homeless man


Cause and Effect

too many goods, crash of stock market, etc.


Stalin

dictator of the USSR


FDR

president of the United States during WWll


Mussolini

Fascist leader of Italy


Hitler

German dictator


Yamamoto

led the Pearl Harbor attack


Churchill

British Prime minister during WWII


Blitzkrieg

Lightning war, when Germans came all at once and surprised (BRITISH?)


Dunkirk

where anybody with boats came to the rescue of British ships and soldiers


Pearl Harbor

US Bombed December 7, 1941


Battle of Britain

Germans Bombing of Britain


Midway

sea battle, when the USA won, and was the turning point during war for the USA we sunk four of the (Japanese?) carriers


Stalingrad

“You shall not pass”, says Russia


D-Day

assault on the Normandy beaches


Hiroshima and Nagasaki

US ATOMIC bombing on Japan


Holocaust

Killing of Jews


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