Dynasty And War – Great Britain History

Dynasty And War Great – Britain History

This chapter is about dynasty & war and the Great Britain history.


Totalitarianism

A theory of government in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people


Appeasement

A policy of granting concessions in order to keep the peace


Anti-Semitic

Prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people


Munich Pact

Agreement made between Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France in 1938 that sacrificed and the Sudetenland to preserve peace


Blitzkrieg

an intense military campaign intended to bring about a swift victory


The Soviet Union, America, France, Great Britain, and China

Allies


Germany, Italy, and Japan

Axis


Neutrality Act of 1939

It established that America was neutral in the war while everything was unfolding in other parts of the world.


Atlantic Charter

It established the goals of the Allied powers, and FDR and Winston Churchill attended it.


Tripartite Pact

It was a pact signed in Berlin, Germany on September 27, 1940, which established the Axis Powers of World War II.


Lend Lease Act

When America decided to aid other countries during the war.


Stalin kept his power with a combination of fear and massive propaganda, and Mussolini kept his power by outlawing political parties, taking over the press, creating secret police organized youth groups to indoctrinate the young and suppressed strikes. He opposed liberalism and socialism.

How did Stalin and Mussolini maintain their power?


The allies did not stop fascist aggression in the 1930s because the liberal progressives of that era underestimated the danger. They wanted a stronger Germany to act as a buffer between the Soviet Union and the rest of Europe.

Why did Great Britain, France, and the US not stop fascist aggression in the1930’s


The U.S. increased economic aid and naval support to Great Britain.

How did the US support the allies after FDR’s re-election for a third term?


1. Freedom of speech and expression- self explanatory
2. Freedom of worship- the freedom to worship any religion without any discrimination
3. Freedom of want- Every nation will secure a healthy peaceful life for its inhabitants.
4. Freedom from fear- Worldwide disarmament, so that no one country could attack another

Identify and define FDR’s 4 freedoms


September 2nd, 1939

When did Germany invade Poland


Benito Mussolini

Italy


Joseph Stalin

Soviet Union


Edouardo Daladier

France


Emperor Hirohito

Japan


Neville Chamberlain and Winston Churchill

Great Britain


Hitler

Germany


FDR

United States


Office of War Mobilization

It is the government agency that oversaw wartime factory production in the United States


They listened to the radio a lot, they watched a lot of movies, and they listened to music.

Cultural Trends in the 1930s.


John Steinbeck

He wrote the grapes of wrath which is about families surviving the dust bowl. His works featured working class heroes.


Frank Copra

He was a director who made movies about the average American. His films celebrated American Idealism and the triumphs of the common man.


Dorothea Lange

She was a photographer who took pictures of impoverished farmers and migrant workers


Lillian Hellman

She wrote several plays which had strong roles for women in them.


Mural

Paintings on public buildings.


The Gold Coast

nickname for the southern coast of West Africa


Treaty of Tordesillas

treaty that established the line of demarcation


John Cabot

Venetian seaman who explored the coastline of New England for England


Encomienda

The right of Spanish settlers to use


Middle Passage

The journey of slaves from Africa to America


Afonso

King of Congo


Benin

African society that was ruined because of the slave trade


Sumatra

English influence on the spice market was reduced to a single port located here


Java

Dutch established a fort here in 1619


Spice

Extremely profitable trade item from Southeast Asia


Vasco de Gama`

Sailed around the Cape of Good Hope to India


Christopher Columbus

Discovered the Americas


Amerigo Vespucci

Wrote many letters describing his voyages to the New World


New Netherlands

The English seized it and renamed it New York


Triangular trade

The pattern of trade that connected Europe, Africa and Asia, and the American continents


Ibo

This society produced more slaves than practically any other on the African continent


Moluccas

Known to Europeans as the Spice Islands


Sugarcane plantations

African slaves supplied labor for them


Portuguese

Controlled Spice Islands until driven out by the Dutch


Dutch

Formed the East India Company and West India Company


Huguenots

French Protestants influenced by John Calvin


Edict of Nantes

Recognized Catholicism as the official religion of France


Peace of Westphalia

Officially ended the Thirty Year’s War


Charles I

His execution horrified much of Europe


“Glorious Revolution”

The invasion of England by William the Orange


Toleration Act of 1689

Granted the Puritans, but not Catholics, the right of free public worship


Cardinal Richelieu

Louis XIII’s chief minister


Jean-Baptiste Colbert

Sought to increase France’s wealth and power by following the ideas of mercantilism


El Greco

His work reflected the high point of Mannerism


Peter the Great

Introduced Western customs and ways of doing things to Russia


House of Bourbon

Ruled the southern French kingdom of Navarre


Phillip II

The “Most Catholic King”


Divine right of kings

The idea that kings receive their power from God


Puritans

Protestants in England inspired by Calvinist ideas


Independents

Soldiers in the New Model Army off Oliver Cromwell


Bill of Rights

Laid the foundation for a constitutional monarchy in England


Absolutism

System of government in which a ruler holds total power


Louis XIV

Fostered the myth of himself as the Sun King


Mannerism

Marked the end of the artistic Renaissance


Miguel de Cervantes

Wrote the novel Don Quixote


Sinan

The greatest of all Ottoman architects


Mehmet II

Under his leadership, the Ottomans conquered Constantinople


Gunpowder empires

Empires formed by outside conquerors who unified the regions they conquered


Grand vizier

Sultan’s chief minister


Safavid

Dynasty founded by Shah Ismail


Riza-i-Abbasi

Famous painter of the Safavid era


Mogul

Dynasty that unified the subcontinent of India in the 1600s


Akbar

Expanded his empire to rule almost all of India


Zamindar

Local Mogul official who kept part of the taxes in lieu of a salary


“Akbar style”

Combined Persian with Indian motifs


Zheng He

Led voyages of exploration during the Ming dynasty


Queue

The Qing hairstyle dictated for men


Banners

Separate Manchu military units, which became the chief Qing fighting force


Clan

Consisted of dozens, or even hundreds, of related families


The Golden Lotus

Considered to be the first realistic social novel


The Dream of the Red Chamber

Generally considered even today to be China’s most distinguished popular novel


Tokugawa

Completed the restoration of a central Japanese authority


Ronin

Warriors without masters


Kabuki

Form of entertainment that emphasized action, music, and dramatic gestures


Yi

Korean dynasty that remained in power during the entire Tokugawa era in Japan


Yong Le

Initiated the construction of the Imperial City in Beijing


Li Zicheng

Led the peasant revolt that overthrew the Ming dynasty


Qianlong

Rejected Britain’s request for more liberal trade policies


Foot binding

Considered a status symbol by Qing society


Cao Xuegin

Author of the Dream of the Red Chamber


Daimyo

Heads of noble Japanese families


Oda Nobunaga

Began the restoration of a central Japanese authority


Ihara Saikaku

Author of Five Women Who Loved Love


Japanese pottery makers

Borrowed techniques and designs from Korea


Korea

“the Hermit Kingdom”


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