Dynasty And War Great – Britain History

This chapter is about dynasty & war and the Great Britain history.


A theory of government in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people


A policy of granting concessions in order to keep the peace


Prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people

Munich Pact

Agreement made between Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France in 1938 that sacrificed and the Sudetenland to preserve peace


an intense military campaign intended to bring about a swift victory

The Soviet Union, America, France, Great Britain, and China


Germany, Italy, and Japan


Neutrality Act of 1939

It established that America was neutral in the war while everything was unfolding in other parts of the world.

Atlantic Charter

It established the goals of the Allied powers, and FDR and Winston Churchill attended it.

Tripartite Pact

It was a pact signed in Berlin, Germany on September 27, 1940, which established the Axis Powers of World War II.

Lend Lease Act

When America decided to aid other countries during the war.

Stalin kept his power with a combination of fear and massive propaganda, and Mussolini kept his power by outlawing political parties, taking over the press, creating secret police organized youth groups to indoctrinate the young and suppressed strikes. He opposed liberalism and socialism.

How did Stalin and Mussolini maintain their power?

The allies did not stop fascist aggression in the 1930s because the liberal progressives of that era underestimated the danger. They wanted a stronger Germany to act as a buffer between the Soviet Union and the rest of Europe.

Why did Great Britain, France, and the US not stop fascist aggression in the1930’s

The U.S. increased economic aid and naval support to Great Britain.

How did the US support the allies after FDR’s re-election for a third term?

1. Freedom of speech and expression- self explanatory
2. Freedom of worship- the freedom to worship any religion without any discrimination
3. Freedom of want- Every nation will secure a healthy peaceful life for its inhabitants.
4. Freedom from fear- Worldwide disarmament, so that no one country could attack another

Identify and define FDR’s 4 freedoms

September 2nd, 1939

When did Germany invade Poland

Benito Mussolini


Joseph Stalin

Soviet Union

Edouardo Daladier


Emperor Hirohito


Neville Chamberlain and Winston Churchill

Great Britain




United States

Office of War Mobilization

It is the government agency that oversaw wartime factory production in the United States

They listened to the radio a lot, they watched a lot of movies, and they listened to music.

Cultural Trends in the 1930s.

John Steinbeck

He wrote the grapes of wrath which is about families surviving the dust bowl. His works featured working class heroes.

Frank Copra

He was a director who made movies about the average American. His films celebrated American Idealism and the triumphs of the common man.

Dorothea Lange

She was a photographer who took pictures of impoverished farmers and migrant workers

Lillian Hellman

She wrote several plays which had strong roles for women in them.


Paintings on public buildings.

The Gold Coast

nickname for the southern coast of West Africa

Treaty of Tordesillas

treaty that established the line of demarcation

John Cabot

Venetian seaman who explored the coastline of New England for England


The right of Spanish settlers to use

Middle Passage

The journey of slaves from Africa to America


King of Congo


African society that was ruined because of the slave trade


English influence on the spice market was reduced to a single port located here


Dutch established a fort here in 1619


Extremely profitable trade item from Southeast Asia

Vasco de Gama`

Sailed around the Cape of Good Hope to India

Christopher Columbus

Discovered the Americas

Amerigo Vespucci

Wrote many letters describing his voyages to the New World

New Netherlands

The English seized it and renamed it New York

Triangular trade

The pattern of trade that connected Europe, Africa and Asia, and the American continents


This society produced more slaves than practically any other on the African continent


Known to Europeans as the Spice Islands

Sugarcane plantations

African slaves supplied labor for them


Controlled Spice Islands until driven out by the Dutch


Formed the East India Company and West India Company


French Protestants influenced by John Calvin

Edict of Nantes

Recognized Catholicism as the official religion of France

Peace of Westphalia

Officially ended the Thirty Year’s War

Charles I

His execution horrified much of Europe

“Glorious Revolution”

The invasion of England by William the Orange

Toleration Act of 1689

Granted the Puritans, but not Catholics, the right of free public worship

Cardinal Richelieu

Louis XIII’s chief minister

Jean-Baptiste Colbert

Sought to increase France’s wealth and power by following the ideas of mercantilism

El Greco

His work reflected the high point of Mannerism

Peter the Great

Introduced Western customs and ways of doing things to Russia

House of Bourbon

Ruled the southern French kingdom of Navarre

Phillip II

The “Most Catholic King”

Divine right of kings

The idea that kings receive their power from God


Protestants in England inspired by Calvinist ideas


Soldiers in the New Model Army off Oliver Cromwell

Bill of Rights

Laid the foundation for a constitutional monarchy in England


System of government in which a ruler holds total power

Louis XIV

Fostered the myth of himself as the Sun King


Marked the end of the artistic Renaissance

Miguel de Cervantes

Wrote the novel Don Quixote


The greatest of all Ottoman architects

Mehmet II

Under his leadership, the Ottomans conquered Constantinople

Gunpowder empires

Empires formed by outside conquerors who unified the regions they conquered

Grand vizier

Sultan’s chief minister


Dynasty founded by Shah Ismail


Famous painter of the Safavid era


Dynasty that unified the subcontinent of India in the 1600s


Expanded his empire to rule almost all of India


Local Mogul official who kept part of the taxes in lieu of a salary

“Akbar style”

Combined Persian with Indian motifs

Zheng He

Led voyages of exploration during the Ming dynasty


The Qing hairstyle dictated for men


Separate Manchu military units, which became the chief Qing fighting force


Consisted of dozens, or even hundreds, of related families

The Golden Lotus

Considered to be the first realistic social novel

The Dream of the Red Chamber

Generally considered even today to be China’s most distinguished popular novel


Completed the restoration of a central Japanese authority


Warriors without masters


Form of entertainment that emphasized action, music, and dramatic gestures


Korean dynasty that remained in power during the entire Tokugawa era in Japan

Yong Le

Initiated the construction of the Imperial City in Beijing

Li Zicheng

Led the peasant revolt that overthrew the Ming dynasty


Rejected Britain’s request for more liberal trade policies

Foot binding

Considered a status symbol by Qing society

Cao Xuegin

Author of the Dream of the Red Chamber


Heads of noble Japanese families

Oda Nobunaga

Began the restoration of a central Japanese authority

Ihara Saikaku

Author of Five Women Who Loved Love

Japanese pottery makers

Borrowed techniques and designs from Korea


“the Hermit Kingdom”