United States Physician & Insurance – Healthcare & Nursing

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United States Physician & Insurance – Healthcare & Nursing

This chapter covers united states physician and insurance of healthcare and nursing.


In 2014, what infectious agent was responsible for the largest epidemic in history and was spread to the United States by healthcare workers employed in West Africa?

Ebola virus


Treatment of chronic conditions in the elderly accounts for what portion of the total healthcare costs in the United States?

two-thirds


Which of the following was the most important factor in the decline of mortality in the 20th century?

improvements inn essential hygiene


Changes in the racial and ethnic composition of the U.S. population should have no significant consequences for the nation’s health

B. False


Which of the following work environments would be appropriate for registered dietitian nutritionists?

D. All of these are correct


Which of the following work environments expected to continue to employ a large number of registered dietitian nutritionists?

D. All of these are correct


Which of the following industries paid out the highest median annual wage for nutritionists in 2013

C. Food and nutrition management


Which of the following industries paid out nearly $60,000 in median annual wages for dietitian and nutrition services in 2013?

A. Outpatient/ambulatory care


Registered dietitian nutritionists have been known to specialize in which of the following areas?

D. All of these are correct


Which of the following professions work closely with Women Infants and Children (WIC) to do screening and counseling of women during pregnancy?

D. Diabetic educators


A Registered Dietitian Nutritionist would be responsible for which of the following?

D. All of these are correct


The demand for skilled nurses is an all-time high. Which of the reasons below I not one of the top three reasons for this increase in demand?

B. There is a nationwide shortage of physicians


The current primary focus on nurses training is which of the below?

B. Managing chronic diseases in community settings


Which one of the examples below are of a bridge program to allow nurses to increase their level of education quickly?

B. AND-to-MSN


What is the shortest tie in which an individual can become a registered nurse?

A. 2 years


What is the major difference between the scope of a registered nurse’s responsibilities and those of an LPN?

B. The scope of a registered nurses responsibilities is more complex and analytical than that of an LPN


The majority of jobs for both RN’s and LPN’s are expected to be in which area of care through 2020?

D. Home health and ambulatory care


Which of the following is the minimum requirement to be eligible for entry into medical school ?

B. Bachelor’s degree


Formal education and training requirements for physicians generally include:

D. All of these are correct


Which specialty employs the largest number of physicians?

A. Family and general practitioner


Which area of specialty earned the highest salary in 2014?

C. Family and general practitioner


What are the two types of physicians?

A. Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) and
Medical Doctor (MD)


Which of the following industries was one of the largest in 2013 and projected to generate 4.1 million new jobs between 2012 and 2011?

C. Healthcare


As a group, what’s the best-known and largest single employers of health workers?

B. Hospitals


The U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics predicts a critical shortage of what group of health care providers?

B. Primary care physicians


Which of the following is NOT one of the ways that access to health care was expanded?

D. Expanding the Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC)


Which of the following requirements ensured the same benefits for all Americans, regardless of the source of insurance coverage?

D. None of these is correct


The cost of health insurance premiums during the first year of the ACA varied within states and across the United States. Which of the following describes the different types of plans that were offered?

C. Bronze, Silver, Gold and Platinum levels


Which of the following are individuals employed and trained to assist consumers in selecting and enrolling in a Qualified Health Plan (QHP)?

D. Navigators


Which of the following are essential health benefits required by all qualified health plans?

D. All of these are correct


As a result of the ACA a estimated 15 million individuals obtained health coverage from the beginning of the first enrollment period in October 2013 through March 2015, resulting in drop in the number of uninsured Americans to 10% from 17%?

A. True


Which of the following are examples of government funded health insurance programs?

D. All of these are correct


In 2014, a total of 23% of the federal budget was spent on Medicaid and which of the following?

C. Medicare


Which of the following best describes the method of funding for health care in the United States?

D. None of these are correct


What was the traditional method of reimbursement for health services before passage of the Affordable Care Act ( ACA)?

C. Fee-for-services


Which of the following groups of people eligible for Medicare?

B. Age 60 and older


Which group developed the first private hospital insurance plan in 1929?

D. Doctors


Which of the following has increased the prevalence of chronic and degenerative diseases?

B. Increased number of elderly


In 2014, what infectious agent was responsible for the largest epidemic in history and was spreading to the U.S. by healthcare workers employed in West Africa?

C. Ebola Virus


Treatment of chronic conditions in the elderly accounts for what portion of the total healthcare costs in the U.S.?

D. Three-fourths


Which of the following are two main factors associated with the increased prevalence of chronic and degenerative diseases?

C. Longevity and increased number of elders


What factors have contributed to a greater use of prescription drug use?

B. Medicare Part D


Which of these government-funded program is intended to provide individual healthcare for people with low incomes and who are uninsured.

B. Medicaid


Which one of these statements is correct?

C. The emphasis in public health contrast to medical care, which emphasizes treatment of disease.


Which of the following is a direct health service provided by the federal government?

D. All of these are correct


The majority of hospitals in the United States are what type?

A. Community hospitals


Exercise and aerobic classes offered by city recreation departments would be classified as what type of services?

B. Health Promotion services


A nursing home which provides the level of care closest to hospital care is called a

B. Skilled nursing facility


Nursing facility services are provided by medicaid-certified nursing homes, which primarily provide which types of services?

D. All of these are correct


Privately funded long-term care providers that are regulated y federal and/or state governments include which of the following

D. All of these are correct


The use of electronic communication and information technologies to provide or support clinical care at a distance is known as which of the following

B. Telecommunication


A new method currently being used to create prosthetics, orthopedic, implants, and lab equipment, such as pipettes and minifuge rotors is which of the following?

A. 3-D Printing


One of the most important ways of improving the delivery of patient care and producing optimum outcomes is through the use of which of the following?

A. Modern Equipment


Some of the medical technology available includes products use to do which of the following?

D. All of these correct


Which of the following best describes the actions of biomedical engineers?

B. They research and develop new medical equipment


To sustain their careers over time, healthcare practitioners must be prepared to act in a professional manner. Which of the follow examples would NOT display professionalism?

B. Talking about a patient in the presence of another patient


Which of the follow best describes ethics?

D. All of these are correct


What are the two types of healthcare teams?

A. Functional and patient-centered


The common core of knowledge required for healthcare professionals include which of the following?

D. All of these are correct


How many hours of continuing medical education must a physician assistant (PA) complete every two years?

D. 100 Hours


Beginning in 2014, how often must a PA pass a re- certification examination or complete an alternative program combining learning experiences and a take-home examination?

A. Every 2 years


In what settings would PAs provide the most health care for patients and consult with the supervising physician and other medical professionals as needed or required by law?

C. Inner-city clinics


Opportunities for PAs will be best in states that offer which of the follow to PAs?

B. Wider scope of practice


What is the projected rate of employment growth for a physician assistant from 2012-2022?

B. 30%


Classroom instruction for PA’s includes which of the following courses?

D. All of these are correct


There is the expectation that employment for physician assistants will continue to rise because of which of the following?

C. PA’s are cost effective


Some of the qualifications a dental laboratory technician needs to perform their job duties include which of the following?

D. All of these are correct


Entry level educational requirements for a dental hygienist include which of the following?

A. A degree from an accredited for a dental hygiene school


Most full time dentists work how many hours per week?

B. 35-40


Which of the following duties will be a pharmacotherapist perform?

D. All of these are correct


Which of the following are NOT factors that will continue to spur demand for pharmacists through the 2014 projection period?

D. Increased coverage by health insurance plans


How many years does the PharmD program generally take to complete

B. 4 years


Which of the following positions generally receives prescription requests, counts tablets, and labels bottles?

A. Pharmacy technicians


Which of the following would be considered a responsibility of a pharmacist?

D. All of these are correct


A language disorder is defined as all but which of the following?

A. Proper use of words


What is the educational requirement for a person to practice as a Speech and Language Pathologist

A. A Master’s degree


Speech-language pathologists perform which of the following job duties?

D. All of these are correct


Which of the following is projected to remain the principal employer of diagnostic medical sonographers?

Hospitals


Completed by the cardiovascular technician, a basic electrocardiograph (EKG) requires which of the following?

The attachment of electrodes to the patient’s chest.


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) both use nonionizing radio frequencies to generate image contrast.

False


The technologists who assist physicians in the diagnosis of disorders affecting circulation are known as which of the following?

Vascular Technicians


______________ utilize a solution that the patient must drink, allowing visualization of soft tissues in the body.

Fluoroscopies


All states are mandated by the federal government to require licensure of radiologic technologists.

False


Which technologist administers radiopharmaceuticals to patients and then monitors the characteristics and functions of tissues in which the drug localizes?

Nuclear medicine technologists


Two specialty areas for nuclear medicine technologists are cardiology and obstetrics / gynecology.

False


A ______________ is a technician who is responsible for calculating the dose of radiation that is used in a cancer treatment.

Dosimetrist


During a cardiac catheterization procedure, the cardiovascular technologist is responsible for which of the following?

Monitoring the patient for signs of arrhythmia


Which of the following degree requirements is needed for a librarian in most public academic, and specialty libraries?

C. Master of Library Science Degree


Which of the following skill set is needed in order to work as a medical transcriptionist?

C. All of these are correct


Which association offers credentialing for medical coders?

D. All of these are correct


What is the median salary of health information technicians employed in nursing care facilities?

B. $36,000


Which employment field would a health information technician most likely have the highest annual salary?

C. Surgical hospital


Who typically performs laboratory tests?

B. Laboratory Scientist


What does the clinical scientist do with the results after testing and examining a specimen?

A. Relay the results to the physician


Which of the following complex types of testing if performed by clinical laboratory scientist?

D. All of these are correct


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