Supremacy Clause & Constitution – US Government Quiz

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Supremacy Clause, Government, Constitution, National, State, Economic Development

The key terms of this chapter include US Government, US Constitution, National, Supremacy Clause, State, Economic Development, Federal, Amendment, Congress, Power,


Supremacy Clause

Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits.


Tenth Amendment

Amendment stating that the powers not delegated to the federal gov. are reserved to the states


unfunded mandates

Actions imposed by the federal or state government on lower levels of government which are not accompanied by the money needed to fund the action required.


unitary governments

A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the central government. Most national governments today are unitary governments.


United States v. Lopez

1995 – The Commerce Clause of the Constitution does not give Congress the power to prohibit mere possession of a gun near a school, because gun possession by itself is not an economic activity that affects interstate commerce even indirectly.


Gibbons v. Ogden

This case involved New York trying to grant a monopoly on waterborne trade between New York and New Jersey. Judge Marshal, of the Supreme Court, sternly reminded the state of New York that the Constitution gives Congress alone the control of interstate commerce. Marshal’s decision, in 1824, was a major blow on states’ rights.


grants-in-aid system

a giving of federal funds to a state or local government to subsidize a public project


Kelo v. New London

eminent domain case; local govt may force the sale of private property and make way for private economic development when officials decide it would benefit the public


loose construction

Belief that the government can do anything that the Constitution does not prohibit but does imply


mandate

An official order or commission to do something; may be funded or unfunded


McCulloch v. Maryland

– An important decision of the Supreme Court in 1819 that established the key concepts of implied powers, broad construction of the Constitution, and supremacy of the national government


national supremacy

Constitutional doctrine that whenever conflict occurs between the constitutionally authorized actions of the national government and those of a state or local government, the actions of the federal government prevail.


necessary and proper clause

Clause of the Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 3) setting forth the implied powers of Congress. It states that Congress, in addition to its express powers, has the right to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out all powers the Constitution vests in the national government


nullification

The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal law that, in the state’s opinion, violates the Constitution.


regulated federalism

A form of federalism in which Congress imposes legislation on states and localities, requiring them to meet national standards


reserved powers

Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people; powers reserved for the states


revenue sharing

A law providing for the distribution of a fixed amount or share of federal tax revenues to the states for spending on almost any government purpose.


state compact/contract

an agreement among two or more states . congress must approve most such agreements


strict construction

A judicial philosophy that looks to the “letter of the law” when interpreting the Constitution or a particular statute; exactly as it is written


supremacy clause

Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits.


Tenth Amendment

Amendment stating that the powers not delegated to the federal gov. are reserved to the states


unfunded mandates

Actions imposed by the federal or state government on lower levels of government which are not accompanied by the money needed to fund the action required.


unitary governments

A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the central government. Most national governments today are unitary governments.


United States v. Lopez

1995 – The Commerce Clause of the Constitution does not give Congress the power to prohibit mere possession of a gun near a school, because gun possession by itself is not an economic activity that affects interstate commerce even indirectly.


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