Study of Human Physical Health-Psychology
In This Lesson We Study About Study of Human Physical Health-Psychology
It was _____ who opened the first psychology laboratory in _____.
Wilhelm Wundt; 1879 – correct
Margaret Floy Washburn; Washington, D.C.
Sigmund Freud; Vienna
Carl Jung; 1922
Psychology is formally defined as:
the treatment of mental illness.
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. – correct
the scientific investigation of unconscious mental processes.
the study of human problems.
Who would have been most likely to say: “Why you behave the way you do is because of unconscious reasons, not reasons in your consciousness”?
John B. Watson
Sigmund Freud – correct
believed that conscious thoughts were more important than unconscious drives. – correct
founded humanistic psychology.
successfully treated William James for major depression.
believed that experiences in early childhood were critical in the formation of adult personality.
Behaviorism was characterized by:
a narrow focus upon consciousness and conscious experience.
a focus upon the importance of free will and self-determination.
the rejection of consciousness as a topic in psychology and a focus upon observable behavior. – correct
an emphasis upon the unconscious determinants of personality.
“My goal is to discover how behavior is acquired and modified in response to environmental influences.” Such a statement would most likely be made by:
John B. Watson – correct
Two key figures in the development of humanistic psychology include:
Sigmund Freud and B. F. Skinner.
John Watson and B. F. Skinner.
Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck.
Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. – correct
Humanistic psychology emphasizes:
the experimental study of overt, observable behaviors.
free will, self-determination, psychological growth, and human potential. – correct
the active role played by mental processes in organizing sensations into meaningful perceptions.
unconscious determinants of personality and behavior.
The development of medications that helped control the symptoms of severe psychological disorders and development of techniques to study the human brain contributed to the importance of _____ psychology in recent decades.
humanistic – correct
The _____ perspective emphasizes studying the physical bases of human beings, including the nervous system and genetics.
biological – correct
The cognitive perspective of psychology focuses on:
the important role of mental processes in how people process information, solve problems, and think. – correct
the diversity of human behavior in different cultural settings and countries.
the motivation of people to grow psychologically, the influence of interpersonal relationships on a person’s self-concept, and the importance of choice and self-direction in striving to reach one’s potential.
how overt behavior is acquired and modified by environmental influences.
Transpersonal psychology emphasizes:
one’s environment in shaping behavior
one’s thoughts as the sole aspect of human psychology
an interconnection between all things – correct
one’s biological makeup as the main predictor of psychological health
What field of psychology focuses on designing programs that promote the intellectual, social, and emotional development of children?
social – correct
Joanna has suffered a series of personal setbacks, including the death of a family member, academic problems in college, and a divorce. She feels so sad, upset, and lonely that she is contemplating suicide. Joanna could probably best be helped by a _____ psychologist.
clinical/counseling – correct
Athletes experience more than the physical demands of the sport, they also potentially have limited thoughts, self-doubt, and beliefs. To help them move through these limits and achieve greater athletic performance, they could seek support from which type of psychologist?
sports psychologist – correct
A _____ psychologist works with children, their parents/caregivers, teacher and principal to support the child’s emotional, academic, and behavioral well-being.
school – correct
Which type of psychologist helps employers screen applicants, assessing job placement, and employee satisfaction?
organizational psychologist – correct
Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers are the founders of cognitive based therapies.
False – correct
Aaron Beck and Albert Ellis are the founders of cognitive based therapies.
Psychiatrists are the only professionals in the field of psychology that can prescribe medication because they are medical doctors.
True – correct
_____ psychologists study who people perceive, judge and interact with others.
Social – correct