Social Contract Theory & US Government – Political Science
This Political science exam is about social contract theory and US government.
What was the significance of the Stamp Act Congress?
|It is considered the first official US government.|
|It was the first time the colonies joined forces to oppose the British. – correct|
|It was the first time that all 13 colonies sent representatives to meet.|
|It was the first time that women were allowed to participate in government in the colonies.|
A form of government where power is held by a small group of elites
Which of the following is NOT a basic concept of American government?
|autocratic government- correct|
The oldest and most common form of government is __________:
How did colonial legislatures have control over royal governors in the American colonies?
|They had the “power of the purse,” which limited the governor’s power. – correct|
|They appointed the governor by majority vote.|
|They had no means of controlling the royal governors.|
|They could vote to remove the royal governor from office by a majority vote.|
Each of the following countries has a democratic government with a unitary structure EXCEPT
Rule by a single person with absolute power
Which of the following theories stresses family ties as the basis for the origin of the state?
|Social Contract Theory- correct|
|Divine Right Theory|
What was the most important result of Shays’ Rebellion?
|It resulted in the deaths of many Massachusetts farmers.|
|It forced farmers to pay higher taxes|
|It was crushed by the US military.|
|It indicated the need for a stronger national government in the US. – correct|
In a ________, all people participate in government decision-making.
Which of the following is among the purposes of government outlined in the Preamble to the Constitution?
|defending the nation against foreign enemies|
|insuring order and domestic tranquility|
|promoting the general welfare of the citizens|
|all of the above- correct|
Which of the following is NOT among the characteristics of a state?
What is considered the first example of a social contract in the American colonies?
|Petition of Right|
|Mayflower Compact- correct|
|Declaration of Independence|
In a ________, the people exercise their power in government by electing delegates to make decisions on their behalf.
|representative democracy- correct|
In the early years of Colonial America, which colonies were the most self-governing?
|proprietary colonies- correct|
A government ruled by religious leaders with laws based on a specific religious doctrine
Our first attempt at a constitution for the United States was the _________.
|Stamp Act Congress|
|First Continental Congress|
|Articles of Confederation- correct|
Thomas Jefferson was most influenced by the political philosophy of _________ when he wrote the Declaration of Independence.
|John Locke- correct|
A ____________ is the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies.
Government in which power is limited to a single person or very small group exists in
|Cuba. – correct|
|the United States.|
The structure of a(n) ____ requires that power be divided between a state’s central and local levels of government.
|Federal Government- correct|
In a _________ system of government, the chief executive is called a Prime Minister, and he/she is selected by the legislature, not directly by the voters.
One major achievement of the national government under the Articles of Confederation was:
|It doubled the size of the United States by adding the Western Territories.|
|It rescued the States from economic depression through tax programs.|
|It defeated the French in the French and Indian War|
|It handled Shays’ Rebellion quickly and efficiently. – correct|
The absence of any formal government
All of the things that the government decides to do are collectively known as _______.
|public policies- correct|
What 1215 English document first established that the power of the monarchy was NOT absolute?
|Magna Carta- correct|
|Petition of Right|
|English Bill of Rights|
Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government had which of the following powers?
|Power to regulate trade between States|
|Power to sign treaties- correct|
|Power to tax|
|Power to establish a national currency|
In a _____________, the governor and his advisors were all appointed by the king.
|royal colony- correct|
In _________, the government controls all economic factors of production.
The government set up by the Articles of Confederation had
|no legislative or judicial branch.|
|only a legislative and an executive branch.|
|only a legislative branch|
|only an executive branch- correct|
Private ownership, individual initiative, competition, and profit motive are all cornerstones of ____________.
The __________ lasted 5 years and is considered to be the first United States government.
|The Stamp Act Congress|
|The First Continental Congress- correct|
|The Second Continental Congress|
|The Virginia House of Burgesses|
Which English document was drawn up by Parliament in 1689 to prevent future abuses of power by the English monarchs?
|Articles of Confederation|
|English Bill of Rights- correct|
Social Contract Theory developed to challenge the idea that
|those of royal birth have zero authority to rule.|
|the people is the true source of political power. – correct|
|the head of a family, clan, or tribe has the natural right to govern.|
|the strongest person or group has the right to control others by force.|
Which statement about the social contract theory is NOT true?
|The state was created voluntarily by a free people.|
|The state exists because it was created by God. – correct|
|Governmental powers are granted by the people.|
|Governmental powers may be limited by the people.|