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Semantic & Sensory – Psychology Quiz 2

The key terms of Psychology Quiz include, Sensory, Mnemonic, Semantic, long string of numbers, chunking, working memory, misinformation effect paradigm, vicarious reinforcement, arousal theory, semantic encoding.

Which of the following is an example of instinct?

baby turning its head to suckle when its cheek is stroked – correct

believing that nudity is wrong

a teacher demonstrating algebra to students

a toddler who is being toilet trained by her parents.

Which of the following is an example of vicarious reinforcement?

Babs saw Martin receive a candy bar for completing his reading list. She is careful to complete her reading list because she saw Martin get a reward for doing it. – correct

Lana wants to receive a candy bar and she knows from reading the rulebook that she will receive one if she earns enough good behavior tokens.

Park wants to avoid detention, so he follows the school rules and does not smoke on the playground.

Ryan observes Cameron getting a time out for spitting out her toast. Because he saw his friend punished, he does not spit out his toast.

Sharmila cannot remember what she had for breakfast last week, but she can remember the day she got married ten years ago as clearly as if it just happened. This example illustrates the ________ theory.

arousal – correct




When Benito was five he cut his leg on some glass and needed stiches. Years later, his mother tells him the scar came from being bit by a dog. Now, when people ask about his scar he distinctly remembers the dog biting him. This is an example of the ________.

Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm

equipotentiality hypothesis

levels of processing theory

misinformation effect paradigm – correct

Which of the following is a good example of the use of a mnemonic?

being able to hum the tune to a song even when you can’t remember the lyrics

dreaming about an airport and deciding to take a trip – correct

remembering the names of the Great Lakes with the acronym HOMES thinking about a bike you plan to buy and having the image of the bike appear in your mind

Elena finds it very difficult to remember a long string of numbers, so she tries to memorize three numbers at a time. Later, she is able to repeat the numbers correctly because she grouped the numbers into more manageable groups of three. This is an example of ________.

chunking – correct

elaborative rehearsal

a mnemonic device


Recent research conducted by Cowan (2010) has found that the capacity of working memory is how many units of information?

3 plus or minus 2

4 plus or minus 1 – correct

7 plus or minus 2

9 plus or minus 3

The act of getting information out of memory storage and back into conscious awareness is known as ________.



retrieval – correct


Ben is asked to memorize the words canine, feline, and avian. He remembers the words by associating them with their synonyms: dog, cat, and bird. This is an example of ________ encoding.


semantic – correct



Your memory of how to ride a bicycle is probably something that you don’t actively think about while you’re riding. You just sort of “do it” without thinking of how you do it. This is an example of a(n) ________ memory.


implicit – correct