Political Power & State Government – Exam

Political Power & State Government – Exam 1

These chapters discuss political power, constitution amendment, federal & State Government. Exam #1 is based on these chapters.


In which type of government would the people be most likely to have political power? 

Dictatorship

Oligarchy

Monarchy

Democracy – correct


Which statement would both Liberals and Conservatives agree? 

the government should attempt to redistribute wealth equally in a society

government should be as small as possible

government should be as large and as involved in society as possible

none of the above are correct – correct


“I believe that people are very self-interested and untrustworthy. We live in a constant state of fear and want to dominate others.” Which philosopher likely would have said that?

Thomas Hobbes – correct

John Locke

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

All of the above


Which is these is the best explanation for why the Legislative Branch has two parts (the House and the Senate)?

to balance the power of small states and large states – correct

to assure participation by rich and poor representatives

to assure orderliness in the making of laws

all of the above are correct


A concern of the anti-federalists regarding the new Constitution was…

small states had more authority and power than larger (populous) states had

it had too many limits on the federal government’s power

it gave too much power to the states

it gave too much power to the national government – correct


The group of early Americans that favored a strong central government and were proponents of the new Constitution were called 

Libertarians

Communists

Federalists – correct

Anti-federalists


Which amendment mentions the necessity for probable cause in conducting searches and seizures?

1st

2nd

3rd

4th – correct


Plato considered democracy to be the best form of government.

True

False – correct


Which of the following is true of constitutional monarchies? 

A member of a royal family has complete control over the government

Only an elite few people have political power

A royal family exists but they do not have total political power – correct

None of the above are correct


It is relatively easy to change the Constitution and it has been amended more than 50 times since it was written?

True

False – correct


Which of the following statements is true about checks and balances as written in the Constitution?  

Congress has the power to impeach and remove a president from office – correct

Only the President has control over who becomes a Supreme Court justice

Once elected, the President cannot be removed from office

A President loses his ability to veto laws in the second term of his administration


If somebody were to tell you that they “believed in a society in which the role of the federal government was relatively small and most problems were handled by state governments,” what would you call this person?  

Liberal

Conservative – correct

Socialist

Communist


All national, state, and local laws must comply with the Constitution because of…

Article III (3) of the Constitution.

Article IV (4) of the Constitution.

Article V (5) of the Constitution

Article VI (6) of the Constitution. – correct


The idea that states must recognize (although not agree with) the laws of other states, and that states should cooperate with other states is found in which article of the Constitution?  

1st

2nd

3rd

4th – correct


Which level/layer of government would be most responsible for the issuing of licenses, certificates, and overseeing elections?

federal government

state governments – correct

city governments

none of the above are correct


The 3/5 Compromise was made between northern and southern states regarding the issue of slavery. 

True – correct

False


Due to the fact that the role of the President is described in Article I of the Constitution, we can be fairly confident that the Founding Fathers wanted the president to be very powerful.

True

False – correct


Which political ideology represents the idea that government should be VERY large and powerful and should have almost total control over the economy, to the point where there is a centrally planned economy?

Liberalism

Conservatism

Socialism – correct

Democratic Socialism


Flag burning is not a form of speech and is not protected by the 1st Amendment.  

True

False – correct


Civil liberties are ways in which the federal government’s power is limited.    

True – correct

False


The Bill of Rights would have been strongly supported by which of these groups:

Federalists

Anti-federalists – correct

Zombies

None of the above


The idea that “cruel and unusual punishment” is unconstitutional is found in which amendment?   

1st

2nd

4th

8th – correct


Which amendment might people cite as evidence that we do have a right to privacy?   

1st

2nd

4th – correct

8th


In overturning their previous decision, the Supreme Court ultimately ruled that the idea of “separate but equal” violated which clause in the 14thAmendment?

equal protection – correct

separation of powers

checks and balances

reserved powers to the states


What is meant by “qualified immunity” as discussed in the class module? 

It only applies to the president and protects him/her from any prosecution while in office or once outside of office.

It’s a doctrine that gives government officials broad protections against lawsuits – correct

It is an act of Congress that applies to persons who are on trial and want to “plead the 5th amendment” in order to prevent having to testify against themselves

It relates to the power of federal prosecutors to prosecute whomever they want and to compel people to testify in a court of law


Which political ideology would embrace the idea of change and the power of the national/federal government in solving societal problems?

Communism

Conservatism

Liberalism – correct

Libertarianism


Which philosopher is most associated with writing about natural rights and the right to the pursuit of life, liberty, and property?

Calvin

Hobbes

Locke – correct

Plato


Which philosopher wrote most directly about the the selfishness of humans, our need to dominate others, and the fact that we live in a constant state of fear of others?

Hobbes – correct

Locke

Rousseau

None of them wrote about this topic


Which of the following statements about Congress is NOT true?

Since the Senate has more years in office, they are able to focus on longer-term projects and can think more “big picture”

Since the House has fewer years in office, they must focus on accomplishing tasks in the short-term

Members of the Senate represent only a particular district in a state, whereas members of the House are responsible for representing their entire state – correct

The Senate is responsible for approving (or not approving) presidential nominees


Which of the following is the best definition of a filibuster?

It is the process of overturning a presidential veto

It is another word for when the President forces Congress to take a vote on something he would like them to vote on

It is the act of prolonging debate in hopes of delaying a vote in the House of Representatives

It is the act of prolonging a debate in hopes of delaying a vote in the Senate – correct


Supreme Court can overrule previous Supreme Court decisions.

True – correct

False


Executive orders issued by the president can be overturned by the Supreme Court if they are found to be unconstitutional.

True – correct

False


What are amicus curiae briefs?  

Documents written to influence how an elected official votes on a bill

Documents written with the purpose of beginning impeachment proceedings against a president

Documents written to recall a governor from office

Documents written to influence the Supreme Court’s decision-making – correct


The Supreme Court would be considered a trial court rather than an appeals court. 

True

False – correct


The Supreme Court hears the vast majority of the cases that are appealed to it.

True

False – correct


Which of the following ideologies would embrace the idea of a VERY large government that is responsible for a centrally planned economy and that the government owns all the means of production.

Liberalism

Conservatism

Socialism – correct

Democratic Socialism


In the Constitution, Presidents have very little power over issues related to national security and foreign policy. 

True

False – correct


What are writs of certiorari?

Requests made by the Supreme Court to review the decision of a lower court – correct

Request made by Congress to have the Supreme Court hear a case

An order issued by the president to the executive branch to carry out a specific policy

A document written by someone with the last name of Certiorari


Which is the best definition of the term “judicial review”

The ability of the Supreme Court to declare laws and acts of government unconstitutional – correct

The ability of Congress to overturn rulings made by the Supreme Court

The ability of Congress to remove Supreme Court justices

The ability of the President to nominate Supreme Court justices and to remove justices from the Court


Impeachment means a president has been found guilty of a crime and is immediately removed from office.

True

False – correct


Which of the following ideologies would embrace the idea that social/political problems should be primarily addressed using the powers of state governments as opposed to the powers of the federal government?

Conservatism – correct

Liberalism

Communism

None of the above are correct


Which of the following is true of the law-making system in Congress:

All bills must start in the House of Representatives before moving on to the Senate

Overriding a Presidential veto requires a ¾ majority vote in both houses of Congress

Filibustering is a power that both the House of Representatives and the Senate possess

The system was designed to be slow-moving and involve lots of debate – correct


Which of the following is true of the impeachment process:

Presidents who are impeached in the House of Representatives are immediately removed from office

The Constitution is vague on what is considered an impeachable offense – correct

The House of Representatives has the final decision on whether a president is removed from office

All of the above are correct


Which is the best way to describe circuit courts/appeals courts?

They are courts in which a jury decides the outcome of a case based off of the evidence and testimony that is provided

They are the lowest level of court in our judicial system

They are courts in which judges determine whether a mistake was made in a lower court – correct

All of the above are correct


Which of the following statements about the Presidency is NOT true?

The President is term limited; meaning the President can only serve 2 4-year terms in office

The Founding Fathers designed the office of President to be very strong and powerful and clearly wanted the President to have the most power in government – correct

We have had 2 Presidents who were impeached

Presidents are able to nominate the heads of major government agencies, departments, and members of the Supreme Court when there is an opening on the Court


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