Physical Therapist & Clinical Lab – Healthcare & Nursing

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Physical Therapist & Clinical Lab – Healthcare & Nursing

In this chapter we discuss physical therapist and clinical lab of healthcare and nursing.


True or False? As the chief executive officer (CEO), a person would be responsible for speaking before civic groups, promoting public participation in health programs, and coordinating the activities of the hospital or facility with those of government or community agencies.

True


True or False? Assistant administrators direct activities in clinical areas such as nursing, surgery, therapy, and in non-clinical areas such as information technology and health information management.

True


True or False? Future health service managers must be prepared to deal with the integration of healthcare delivery systems, technological innovations, an increasingly complex regulatory environment, restructuring of work and an increased focus on preventative care.

True


True or False? Many clinical managers are directly accountable to a board of trustees who determine specific unit policies and objectives for their departments.

True


Which of the following first-responders are more likely to provide basic life support to someone who is having a medical emergency?

Emergency Medical Technician


Paramedics determine how to provide treatment to an injured patient based on which of the following?

Established medical protocols and guidelines


In order to perform advanced airway management, paramedics must be trained in which of the following?

Endotracheal intubation procedures


For a patient suspected of having a heart problem, Paramedics would most likely do which of the following?

Perform and interpret electrocardiograms


While performing their job duties, emergency medical technicians (EMTs) typically work in what type of setting?

Variable


What is the median hourly wage of EMTs and paramedics based on the 2014 statistics?

15.20


True or False? Radiologic technologists and technicians perform testing such as computed tomography and mammography.

True


True or False? When performing fluoroscopies, radiologic technologists prepare solutions for the patient to drink.

True


True or False? Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) both use nonionizing radio frequencies to generate image contrast.

False


Aside from their job training, what other skills set would surgical technologists most likely need to have?

Conscientious, have manual dexterity, be emotionally stable


True or False? Respiratory therapists are called upon to intervene when patients are critically ill and having breathing problems.

True


True or False? When performing patient assessments, respiratory therapists can make adjustments to treatment options without a physician’s order.

False


True or False? All states, with the exception of Florida, require that respiratory therapists be licensed.

False


True or False? Respiratory therapists evaluate patients’ lung capacities by having them breathe into an instrument that measures the volume and flow of oxygen during inhalation and exhalation.

True


True or False? Respiratory therapists use ventilators to deliver pressurized oxygen into the patients’ lungs.

True


Who typically performs laboratory tests?

Laboratory scientists


What does the clinical scientist do with the results after testing and examining a specimen?

Relay the results to the physician


Which of the following complex types of testing is performed by clinical laboratory scientists?

Biological
B. Chemical
C. Bacteriological


Which of the following job locations are applicable to clinical laboratory scientists and technicians?

all are correct


Many employers prefer applicants who are certified. Which of the following is a recognized professional association capable of offering certification?

all are correct


Which of the following use phlebotomists to perform blood draws?

all are correct


According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, which is part of the U.S. Department of Labor, the median hourly wage for phlebotomist in 2014 was:

14.74


Which of the following associations offers certification for phlebotomists?

all are correct


Which of the following professions uses touch to manipulate the soft-tissues—muscles, tendons, and connective tissue?

massage therapist


Identify which component would be considered “outside” of a massage therapist’s scope of practice.

Skeletal manipulation


Which of the following is considered to be a benefit of massage therapy?

all are correct


Which of the following is required for a massage therapist to become board certified?

all are correct


True or False? There is currently an all-time high demand for massage therapists.

true


True or False? The movement began in 1980 to license massage therapists

false


True or False? Since 1981, the Federation of State Massage Therapy Boards (FSMTB) has certified recreation therapists.

false


Which of the following is the minimum requirement to be eligible for entry into Medical School?

3 years of college


Formal education and training requirements for physicians generally include:

4 years of undergrad
4 years of med school
3 to 8 years of internship and residency


Which specialty employs the largest numbers of physicians?

family and general practitioner


Which area of specialty earned the highest salary in 2014?

hospitalist


How many hours of continuing medical education must a physician assistant (PA) complete every two years?

100


Beginning in 2014, how often must a PA pass a recertification examination or complete an alternative program combining learning experiences and a take-home examination?

every 10 years


In what settings would PAs provide most the health care for patients and consult with the supervising physician and other medical professionals as needed or required by law?

inner-city clinics


Job opportunities for PAs will be best in states that offer which of the following to PAs?

wider scope of practice


The demand for skilled nurses is at an all-time high. Which of the reasons below is not one of the top three reasons for this increase in demand?

greater numbers of the newly insured are seeking health care as a result of the Affordable care Act


The current primary focus of nurses training is which of the below?

managing chronic disease in community settings


How many states in the United States require optometrists to be licensed?

all states


The OAT (Optometry Admission Test) consists of which of the following?

4 tests


Some of the reasons the job market is very good for the new optometrist include which of the following?

increasing vision care needs of an aging population


True or False? Optometrists are qualified to treat some other diseases that are considered “systemic,” such as diabetes and high blood pressure.

false


Optometrists are qualified to perform eye surgery.

false


A speech disorder can be any of the following except:

people who speak a different language


A language disorder is defined as all but which of the following?

difficulty controlling speech production


Hearing impairment can take many forms. Which of the below are examples of those forms?

inability to hear speech clearly
inability to understand and use speech to communicate
inability to hear speech loudly enough


Speech-language pathologists perform which of the following job duties?

assess and treat swallowing disorders
diagnose language disorders
treat and help prevent communications disorders


Speech, language, and swallowing difficulties can result from a variety of causes, including which of the following?

hearing loss
emotional problems
brain injury


Physical therapists treat a variety of patients with different types of problems. Their patients may include which of the following?

persons with head injury,
accident victims,
people with back pain,
people with heart disease


Physical therapists may engage in professional activities such as which of the following?

research,
consultation,
administration,
education


Which of the following is the goal of physical therapy?

to improve how an individual functions at work and at home


Physical therapist education programs include which of the following?

clinically based courses,
behavioral science courses,
foundational science courses


Which of the following statements regarding physical therapy assistants and physical therapy aides is true?

Aides usually learn skills on the job, while physical therapy assistants have an Associate degree


What is the name of the agency that accredits postsecondary physical therapy assistant programs?

Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE)


Which of the following statements about occupational therapists is not true?

they prescribe medications to help patients deal with disabilities


Applicants to occupational therapy assistant programs can improve their chances of admission by doing which of the following?

volunteering in nursing care facilities,
taking high school courses in biology and health,
volunteering in occupational therapy offices


Which of the following professional roles focuses on improving athletic performance or treating muscle or bone injuries?

athletic trainers


Which health professional uses rehabilitative exercises, reconditioning, and physical education to treat patients who have problems moving in any way?

kinesiotherapists


Which of the statements below best describes the field of mental health professionals?

working with patients to prevent, diagnose, and treat mental disorders


Psychology is best defined by which of the following?

A scientific approach to gathering, quantifying, analyzing, and interpreting data on why people act as they do


The field of psychology offers a number of specializations. These include which of the following?

clinical psychology,
engineering psychology,
school and social psychology,
rehabilitation psychology


As distinguished from psychiatry, which is a branch of medicine, psychology is a nonmedical science.

true


Employment of substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors is expected to decline by 22% from 2014 to 2024, much slower than average for all occupations.

false


What is the most common entry-level degree necessary for social workers?

bachelors degree


Social workers assist people by helping in many ways. Which of the below are examples of ways they help others?

helping them cope or solve issues with family and dealing with relationships,
helping people who are are facing disability, helping those with substances abuse problem


Social workers may be employed in a variety of settings, including which of the following?

child welfare agencies,
college and universities,
hospitals


A high school diploma is the minimum educational requirement for social and human service assistants, but employers often seek individuals with relevant work experience or education beyond high school.

true


High pay and reasonable workloads cause many workers to stay in this occupation, creating few opportunities for new workers entering the field.

false


Health services managers are employable in areas such as outpatient clinics, nursing homes, rehabilitation facilities, and dentist offices.

true


The chief executive officer (CEO) provides overall management direction but is also concerned with community outreach, planning, policy-making, and response to government agencies and regulations.

true


In a large community hospital, the healthcare administrator is responsible for day-to-day management of the service units.

false


Associate or assistant administers may be responsible for budget and finance, depending on the size of the facility.

true


Future health service managers must be prepared to deal with the integration of healthcare delivery systems, technological innovations, an increasingly complex regulatory environment, restructuring of work and an increased focus on preventative care.

true


Many clinical managers are directly accountable to a board of trustees who determine specific unit policies and objectives for their departments.

false


In order to perform advanced airway management, paramedics must be trained in which of the following?

endotracheal intubation procedures


For a patient suspected of having a heart problem, Paramedics would most likely do which of the following?

perform and interpret electrocardiograms


What is the median hourly wage of EMTs and paramedics based on the 2014 statistics?

$15.20


Paramedics determine how to provide treatment to an injured patient based on which of the following?

established medical protocols and guidelines


Which of the following has increased the prevalence of chronic and degenerative diseases?

increased number of elderly


In 2014, what infectious agent was responsible for the largest epidemic in history and was spread to the United States by healthcare workers employed in West Africa?

ebola virus


Which of the following was the most important factor in the decline of mortality in the 20th century?

improvements in essential hygiene


Which of the following are examples of service categories within the healthcare industry?

preventive services,
therapeutic services,
diagnostic


What is the function of the National Institutes of Health?

to develop wellness programs in public and private schools


Which of these government-funded programs is intended to provide individual healthcare services for the elderly population?

medicare


Which one of these statements is correct?

The emphasis in public health is on prevention in contrast to medical care, which emphasizes treatment of disease.


Public health at the city and state level now include some important functions such as which of the following?

licensing and accrediting health professionals,
settings standards for automobile safety devices,
supervising the quality of medical payment programs


States conduct annual telephone surveys of residents as part of this evaluation to pinpoint behaviors that increase risk for chronic disease including diet, physical activity, smoking, and drug and alcohol use. What is the name of the tool used?

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)


Which of these government-funded programs is intended to provide individual healthcare for people with low incomes and who are uninsured?

medicare


The Bureau of Labor Statistics classifies health care into three broad categories. Which of the following is not one of those categories?

healthcare semi-skilled occupations


Females account for what percentage of the healthcare workers?

80%


Which of the following industries was one of the largest in 2013 (and projected to generate 4.1 million new jobs between 2012 and 2022)?

education


According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, how many of the 20 fastest growing occupations are health-care related.

13


As a group, what are the best-known and largest single employers of health workers?

hospitals


Which of these settings are among the five major industries that employ healthcare workers? Select all answers that are correct. (There is more than one answer).

offices of health practitioners, nursing and residential facilities, hospitals


Home health is expected to grow 60%, which is faster than any other healthcare industry in the next decade

true


In some parts of the country, new health workers are finding it difficult to obtain jobs, while other communities cannot find enough workers to fill existing healthcare jobs.

true


Professional certification is mandatory for individual health professionals and ensures the employer and the public that a health professional meets an established level of competence in their field.

false


In order for an individual to work in any field of healthcare they must be very knowledgeable in both science and math.

false


To sustain their careers over time, healthcare practitioners must be prepared to act in a professional manner. Which of the following examples would not display professionalism?

talking about a patient in the presence of another patient


Which of the following best describes ethics?

formal study of moral choices,
making judgments between right and wrong,
listening to ones conscience


Healthcare professionals display their understanding of the need for confidentiality in which of the following ways? Upholding their obligation to maintain patient information in a manner that will not permit dissemination beyond the healthcare provider,
Not making comments in public areas about patient information,
Only discussing patient confidential information with those medical personnel who are involved in treating the patient


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