Twitter - Quiz Tutors
The peak of insolation and peak in temperature often exist at different times of the day. What is this called?
Facebook - Quiz Tutors

Peak Insolation – Geography Mid Exam

The key terms of Geography Mid Exam include, Temporal lag, Electromagnetic Spectrum, thermal infrared radiation, urban heat island effect, longwave radiation, Incoming light energy, Insolation, Peak, the sub-solar point, Troposphere, Seasonality.

The peak of insolation and peak in temperature often exist at different times of the day. What is this called?

Temporal lag – correct

Energy Lag

March of Seasonality

None of the above

What are the three primary influences on atmospheric temperature patterns?

Latitude, altitude, and season

Latitude, time of day, and length of daylight hours

Altitude, location relative to water, length of daylight hours

When a city experiences warmer temperatures than the surrounding countryside, this is known as:

Urban Heat Island Effect – correct


Maritime Climate

None of the above

What is the common methodology used in physical & human geography disciplines?

Cartographic understanding

Location memorization

Spatial analysis

All of the above

Physical geography overlaps with other earth sciences.

True – correct


Physical geography is not a holistic science.


False – correct

The earth constantly redistributes energy to reach a state of _____.


Equilibrium – correct



The forces that shape the earth today are the same forces that have done so for millenia. This is known as:


The Big Bang

The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics


In regards to map distortion, which is true?

Only shape distorts as a result of map creation

Only size distorts as a result of map creation

Size and/or shape distortion occurs on most maps – correct

What is the shape of the earth?

A perfect sphere

A flat disc

An oblate ellipsoid – correct

None of the above

What type of map is the most accurate way to represent the earth and minimize map distortion?

A globe

A topographic map

An isotherm map

None of the above

Great circles:

Pass through the center of the earth

Include all lines of longitude and the Equator

Do not run in parallel

All of the above

One degree of latitude, is equal to approximately how many miles of distance?




69 – correct

Meridians converge at the poles, thus resulting in decreasing distance between degrees. How many miles is one degree of longitude at the Equator?



69 – correct


What is the 0 degree line of longitude called?

The International Dateline

The Prime Meridian – correct

The Greatest Circle

The Analema

The geographic grid is an overlay between lines of latitude and lines of longitude.

True – correct


Map projections preserve both size and shape.


False – correct

A large scale map shows a _____ geographic area.


Small – correct

Lines that connect points of equal elevation on a map are called:



Contours – correct


The cycle from one new moon to the next (aka one moonth) is approximately how many days?



29.5 – correct


Our orbit around the sun is what shape?




The sun orbits around the earth

Where is incoming light energy (insolation) most intense?

High latitudes (60-90*N/S)

Mid-latitudes (23.5-60*N/S)

Low latitudes (0-23.5*N/S) – correct

What is the sub-solar point?

The angle at which the sun’s rays hit the surface of the earth

The angle at which the sun’s rays strike the moon

The point at which the sun’s rays are perpendicular to the surface of the earth – correct

None of the above

The sub-solar point never goes farther north than 23.5* N or farther south than 23.5* S.

True – correct


The equinoxes result in:

Equal day and night length for every latitude on the planet

The beginning of Spring & Autumn, respectively

The sub-solar point being at the Equator

All of the above

Which portion of the electromagnetic spectrum includes thermal infrared radiation?

Shortwave radiation

Longwave radiation – correct

The warming of the planet through the trapping of longwave radiation is known as:

Radiation retention

The greenhouse effect – correct


Indirect radiation

Particulates in the atmosphere create condensation nuclei for cloud formation to occur.

True – correct


Sulfur dioxides and nitrogen oxides, when mixed with particulates and water, can result in:

Acid rain – correct

Cleaner air

No atmospheric changes

None of the above

There is an energy deficit in the tropics and energy surplus in the poles.


False – correct

What is the primary force responsible for allowing us to have an atmosphere?



Gravity – correct


Atmospheric density _____ with elevation gain.


Decreases – correct

What is the lowest layer of the atmosphere called?




Troposphere – correct

Where is air pressure most likely to be greater?

A mountain peak at 8,000 feet above sea level.

A plateau at 500 feet above sea level.

At sea level. – correct

At 30,000 feet of elevation.

In regards to temperatures, what happens when you increase elevation/altitude to the ambient temperature observed?

Temperatures increase with increases in elevation

Temperature decrease with increases in elevation – correct

There is no change to temperature

According to the environmental lapse rate:

Temperatures increase 3.5*/1,000 feet of elevation gain

Temperatures only change when moisture is present

Temperature decrease 3.5*/1,000 of elevation gain – correct

None of the above

When a layer of the troposphere shows temperature increases with elevation gain, instead of cooling, this is called a/n:

Unstable layer

Inversion – correct

Static atmospheric layer

None of the above

Which latitudinal zone is a mixing zone for redistributing solar energy and temperatures?

The Tropics

The Mid-latitudes

The Polar regions

Continental locations have a much smaller range of temperatures throughout the year than locations in close proximity to large bodies of water.


False – correct

Large bodies of water heat and cool more _____ than land areas.


Slowly – correct

The movement of heat from warmer objects to cooler objects is called:




Heat transfer – correct

The coldwater Benguela Current is responsible for creating the conditions in what coastal desert?

The Atacama Desert

The Antarctic Desert

The Namib Desert

The Kalahari Desert

What is responsible for creating warm and wet conditions throughout Northern Europe?

Polar melt

The Gulf Stream – correct

The migration of the sub-solar point

None of the above