Medical Terminology – Medical Terms & Nursing

Medical Terminology – Medical Terms & Nursing

This nursing chapter is about medical terminology – medical terms used for body parts, diseases and medicine.


subcutaneous

the usual site for the injection of insulin by a patient is


hormone

following word means a chemical formed in one tissue or organ to stimulate or inhibit a function of another tissue or organ


pregnancy

gestational diabetes occurs


wasting away

best definition of atrophy


thyroid gland

component of the endocrine system control the body’s metabolic rate


pancreas

Alpha cells , beta cells, and delta cells are found in the ______


thyrotoxicosis

hyperthyroidism, the disorder caused by excessive thyroid hormone production, is called


gluconeogenesis

terms means formation of glucose from noncarbohydrate sources


acromegaly

enlagerment of the head,face,hand, and feet in an adult as a result of excess growth hormone


graves disease

term for autoimmune hyperthyroidism


large intestine, outside of the body

a colostomy is a surgical procedure that creates an artificial opening from the ________ to the ________


dysphagia occurs

Mrs. Helen scheiber has sjogren syndrome, an autoimmune disease that effect her salivary glands, stopping production of saliva. This lead to dry mouth, difficult swallowing, and increased bacterial activity in the mouth, causing gingivitis. best describe a patient with a syndrome


intussusception

the slipping of one bowel inside another to cause obstruction is


a semifluid, partially digested food

the word chyme means


esophageal varices

dilated veins of the esophagus are


peritoneal

terms means pertaining to the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity


exocrine and endocrine

two word that describe gland and are opposite in meaning are


tartar

a synonym of dental calculus is


duodenum

the first part of the small intestine called


esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine

the four alimentary canal, in order, starting from the mouth are the


under the tongue

where would you administer sublingual medication


cirrhosis of the liver

following is a chronic, irreversible disease


postprandial reflux

following term means a backward flow of food from the stomach after a meal


deglutition

synonym of swallowing


esophagogastroduodenoscopy

the examination of the tube to the stomach, the stomach, and the first part of small intestine is termed


without

a prefix a-in the term asymptomatic is a ______


varix, varices

A dilated, tortuous vein is a ________, and its plural is _______


echocardiography

following diagnostic test uses ultrasound waves to study cardiac function.


myocardium

which of the following word meaning a layers of the heart wall


arrhytmias

mechanical pacemakers are used to treat


thrombophlebitis

following words means condition of involving the veins


ventricle

following words meaning, a lower chamber of the heart , is correctly spelled


edema

excessive accumulation of fluid in cells and tissue


endocardium

Purkinjie fibers are a network of nerve fibers in the


flow black

regurgitate


cardiomyopathy

a combining form, a combining form, and a suffix


brachiocephalic

pertain to the head and arm


gram: drawing of record

The G to ECG stands for


renal arteries

The vessels that supply oxygenated blood to the kidney are known as


CABG

Surgery to replace blocked coronary arteries with healthy blood vessels from the leg or arm abbreviated


CHD

cardiac problem present at birth are abbreviated


individual part of the word

element of medical terms


the beginning of the some words

the prefix is


diagnoses

the plural of the word diagnosis


combination of a root and combining vowel

my/o is an example


hypertension

terms that means condition of higher than normal blood pressure


anterior

the opposite of posterior


left

the L in LUQ is referring to


proximal

opposite of distal


prone

the position of supine in the opposite


cephalic

root meaning head


dorsal

opposite of ventral


caudal

cephalic


inferior

opposite of superior


horizontal

plane that divides the body into left and right sides


system

a group of organs with specific collective function


cyst

lesion is a fluid -filled sac under the skin


biopsy

diagnostic procedure examines a pieces of tissue under microscope


dermis

middle layer of skin


pallor

abnormal paleness of the skin


vesicle

a blister


decubitus ulcer

a pressure sore


cardi/o

heart


phleb/o

vein


angi/o

vessel


capn/o

carbon dioxide


-cardia

heart condition


pneum/o

lung


apic/o

apex


brady

slow


hemangi/o

blood vessel


tachy

rapid


In the term pneumonia, what does the root mean?

lung, air


In the term lobectomy, what does the suffix mean?

surgical removal of


In the term endotracheal, what does the prefix mean?

inside


Antibiotics are used when_________________________:

a bacterial infection is present


Inflammation of the nasal mucosa is known as:

rhinitis


The crackle sound that is heard through a stethoscope when air bubbles through liquid in the lungs is called:

rales


The prefix in the word ultrasonography means:

beyond


The root in the term cyanosis means______:

blue


The suffix in the word respiration means:

process


The word hypoxic means________:

deficient in oxygen


The word stridor is from the Latin word meaning_______:

a harsh, creaking sound.


What does the prefix in the term apnea mean?

without


What does the root of the word pulmonology mean?

lung


What does the root of the word rhinoplasty mean?

nose


What does the suffix in the term adenoid mean?

resembling


What does the suffix in the term bronchiole mean?

small


What does the suffix in the term nasal mean?

pertaining to


What does the suffix in the term spirometry mean?

the process of measuring


What does the suffix mean in the term bronchogenic?

creation


What does the word atelectasis mean?

collapse of a part of a lung


What is another name for a pleural tap?

thoracentesis


What is the medical term for a nosebleed?

epistaxis


What is the medical term for voice box?

larynx


What is the medical term for windpipe?

trachea


What is the medical term meaning surgical removal of the tonsils?

tonsillectomy


What surgery removes lung tissue attached to a bronchiole?

segmental resection


What type of pharmacology is used to relax the smooth muscles of the bronchioles?

bronchodilators


Which of the following terms describes normal breathing?

eupnea


Which of the following terms has a root meaning chest?

transthoracic


Which of the following terms has a suffix that means condition of?

tuberculosis


Which of the following terms has both a root and a combining form?

mucolytic


Which of the following terms has the same meaning as rhinitis?

coryza


Which of the following terms means removal by suction of fluid or gas from a body cavity?

aspiration


Which of the following terms means removal of a lung?

pneumonectomy


Which of the following terms refers to matter that is coughed up and spat out by individuals with respiratory disorders?

sputum


Which of the following terms refers to the noise produced by vibrations in the structures of the nasopharynx?

snore


Which of the following word elements refers to the nose?

rhin


Which of the following words comes from the Latin root meaning to smell?

olfaction


Which of the following words has a root meaning wind?

ventilation


Which of the following words has a suffix that means infection?

pneumonitis


Which of the following words is from the Greek word meaning windpipe?

bronchus


Which term has a root word element that means split?

fissure


Which word has a root that means cloud?

cloud


What is the plural form of the term that means hair-like, motile projections from the surface of a cell?

cilia


What is the term that means a tube inserted into a blood vessel or cavity as a channel for fluid?

cannula


What is the term that means an inflammation of the pharynx?

pharyngitis


What is the term that means pus in the pleural cavity?

empyema


Which of the following terms refers to the noise produced by vibrations in the structures of the nasopharynx?

snore


What does a mucolytic agent do?

Breaks up thick secretions in the airways


Which major muscle separates the abdominal cavity from the thoracic cavity?

diaphragm


Because the cancer involved the entire lung, the cardiothoracic surgeon performed a ________

pneumonectomy


The alveolus is

the terminal element of the respiratory tract


Which term refers to the fibrotic lung disease that is caused by the inhalation of different dusts?

Pneumoconiosis


What is the correct spelling of the term that means the same as ventilator?

respirator


Antibiotics are used when

when a bacterial infection is present


Mrs. Penny had a severe case of pneumonia and was receiving antibiotics for treatment. She also developed pleurisy. Which of the following is the best definition of pleurisy?

Inflammation of the lining of the lung


What is the correct spelling of the word that means inflammation of the tonsils?

Tonsillitis


What is the name of the procedure that is performed to allow the nonbreathing patient to be placed on a ventilator?

Endotracheal intubation


What is the correct spelling of the term that means an inflammation of the pharynx?

Pharyngitis


A patient is diagnosed as having atelectasis. This means that the patient has a(n)

collapse of a part of a lung


Which prefix when added to the root -pnea means normal breathing?

Eu-


Identify the correct sequence of the parts of the respiratory system through which air passes as it enters the body.

Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli


Senior citizens are encouraged to receive injections that prevent pneumococcal pneumonia. These injections are termed

immunizations


Which of the following word elements refers to the nose?

Rhin


What does the prefix in the term apnea mean?

without


An infection that involves the lung parenchyma and the bronchioles is called

bronchopneumonia


Which of the following is NOT a function of the respiratory system?

Allowing swallowing of saliva and other oral fluids


What is the correct spelling of the term that means a tube inserted into a blood vessel or cavity as a channel for fluid?

Cannula


Which of the following infections is characterized by a barking cough?

croup


The physician auscultates the patient’s lung with a stethoscope and hears a low-pitched wheezing sound. The name of this sound is:

rhonchus


Which body sensation is most influenced by smell?

sense of taste


What does COPD stand for?

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease


Which of the following organism(s) is (are) most frequently the cause of tonsillitis?

Virus and/or Streptococcus


The plural of alveolus is

alveoli


Which of the following is NOT one of the six connected elements of the respiratory tract?

tongue


The medical term which means loss of voice is:

aphonia


Which of the following terms refers to the act of coughing up and spitting out mucus from the respiratory tract?

Expectorate


What does the suffix in the term nasal mean?

pertaining to


A coal miner comes in to pulmonary clinic complaining of SOB. Which group of diagnostic tests should be ordered to evaluate the presence of lung disease?

PFTs


Which of the following words has a root meaning wind?

Ventilation


A procedure in which a fiber-optic endoscope is inserted into the bronchial tree to visually examine it, biopsy the tissue, or take a wash for secretions is called a(n)

Bronchoscopy


Correctly spell the term that means collapse of a part of a lung

Atelectasis


The medical term that describes a bluish discoloration of the skin, lips, and nail beds due to low levels of oxygen in the blood is called

Cyanosis


Which of the following terms means removal of a lung?

Pneumonectomy


A viral infection of the lower airways that produces mucus, then resolves without damaging the airways is termed:

acute bronchitis


A condition that results from the entry of air into the pleural cavity, usually as a result of trauma such as a fractured rib, knife blade or bullet which lacerates the parietal pleura is a(n)

pneumothorax


Name the combining from which means voice box?

laryng/o


What is the medical term meaning surgical removal of the tonsils?

tonsillectomy


In which pulmonary disease do bullae often occur?

emphysema


hyperpenea

fast and deep breathing


The physician orders medical therapy for a hospitalized patient diagnosed with asthma. The professional that would deliver this therapy would be a

RRT


What type of pharmacology is used to relax the smooth muscles of the bronchioles?

Bronchodilators


Oxygen is delivered to a patient with pneumonia via a(n) ______

cannula


What does the term cricoid mean?

the ring-shaped cartilage of the larynx.


MATCHING CHECK THE QUIZ


Inflammation of the nasal mucosa is known as

rhinitis


What surgery removes lung tissue attached to a bronchiole?

Segmental resection


Which of the following terms means removal by suction of fluid or gas from a body cavity?

Aspiration


In the term pneumonia, what does the root mean?

lung, air


Which of the following terms has a root meaning chest?

Transthoracic


What does a pulse oximeter measure?

oxygen saturation in the blood


The lipid rich substance that helps to keep alveoli open

surfactant


What is the meaning of the suffix in the word thoracentesis?

to puncture


What is the correct spelling of the plural form of the term that means hair-like, motile projections from the surface of a cell?

cilia


Which of the following terms is spelled correctly?

Mediastinoscopy


The term pleura is a ______ word and means _____

Greek; rib


A dry, hacking cough is correctly documented and described as being

nonproductive


Which of the following words comes from the Latin root meaning to smell?

olfaction


A device that rapidly delivers a bronchodilator

MDI


Correctly spell the term that means fibrotic lung disease from inhaling silica particle


Which of the following terms is NOT related to a function of the respiratory system?

Bronchitis


Which of the following words has a suffix that means tumor?

Mesothelioma


Which of the following terms means removal of a portion of a lung?

Lobectomy


What is the plural form of the term bronchus?

bronchi


Which of the following tests measures the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood?

Arterial blood gases


What do arterial blood gases measure?

amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood


Which of the following words refers to the soft, spongy, conical organ of the thorax?

lung


A person with COPD would be cared for by a (n)

pulmonologist


The RRT used a ________ to measure the patient’s FVC

spirometer


What is the rationale for prescribing a mucolytic agent to a patient?

To break up thick secretions in the airways


The word hypoxic means________

deficient in oxygen


Cancer of the pleura is called

Mesothelioma


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