American Social Research Study – Sociology
In this chapter we discuss the American social research study – a sociology study
As defined by C. Wright Mills, which of the following “enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society”?
the sociological imagination – correct
the looking glass self
One of Max Weber’s most important contributions to sociology is _____________, which means that sociologists should approach the study of social behavior from the perspective people engaging in it.
verstehen – correct
the sociological imagination
__________ used Durkheim’s theory of anomie to explain crime rates among African Americans post slavery.
W.E.B. DuBois – correct
Durkheim maintains that the sociologist’s task is to study social facts. Which of the following is characterized as a social facts?
external to the individual
constraining – correct
answers a and b
answers b and c
answers c and d
Which of the following is not one of the American Sociological Association’s Principles of Ethical Behavior?
Professional and Scientific Responsibility
Respect for People’s Rights, Dignity, and Diversity
Raising Money for the Discipline’s Profit – correct
The General Social Survey (GSS) run by the National Opinion Research Center of the University of Chicago asks respondents a series of questions about their demographic characteristics and opinions on a wide range of subjects. The method used by the GSS is:
survey research – correct
A sociologist observes the work-seeking habits of welfare recipients. After weeks of observation, trends emerge and the researcher forms a theory about the behaviors of the group. Which method is the sociologist using in this research approach?
inductive – correct
Charles is a sociologist studying a population of gay fathers in the United States. He interviews 200 men in his data collection. These 200 men comprise what researchers call a:
Sample – correct
All of the following are described as golden rules of social research EXCEPT:
Do no Harm
Deception – correct
The research methods that use statistical analyses to describe the social world is:
quantitative – correct
_____________ ____________ methods collect information about the social world that cannot be readily converted into numeric form.
qualitative research – correct
Marx described the workers being alienated from:
the process of production
All of the Above are True – correct
____________ considered capitalism both fundamentally flawed and doomed and considered alienation the basic state of being in a capitalistic society.
Karl Marx – correct
____________ believed that ideas in and of themselves generate social change and that modern capitalism would not have arisen without the Protestant Revolution.
Max Weber – correct
The idea that nations states are divided into a core, semi core, and periphery, where core countries exploit the periphery is best associated with:
the world systems approach – correct
The main point of Marx’s 1848 Communist Manifesto is:
Capitalism is an efficient mode of production
Under capitalism the rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer
Capitalism will lead to feudalism
Socialism is the best mode of production
To Marx, conflict between a small number of capitalists and a large number of workers would divide society. He referred to this large number of workers as:
the proletariat – correct
The Chicago School of Sociology’s main lab for sociological research was:
the city of Chicago itself – correct
the second floor of the university’s dorm
the slums of NY
the wider state of Illinois
Jane Addams founded the first American settlement house, an institution to help the poor by offering aid, educational services, and more. This house was known as:
The Chicago School of Sociology
The Hull House – correct
The Girls and Boys Club
The Red Cross
What do symbolic interactionists study?
shared meaning – correct
genes for social behavior
This week you learned about Karl Marx’s view of capitalism. List and briefly explain one benefit of capitalism and also one constraint/problem.
One benefit of capitalism would be mass production. You’re able to make multiple items in a specific amount of time for consumers to buy. As humans we all want the newest items that come onto the market like iPhones but were upset when they sell out within a few hours. With mass production we don’t have to wait as long for the shelves to restock with what we want.
One problem with capitalism would be that it creates inequality between the wealthy and the poor So the rich keep getting richer and the poor keeps getting poorer even though it’s the poor people doing the hard work.
We recently learned of Kobe Bryant’s death along with eight others due to a helicopter crash. How would a psychologist approach to death differ from a sociologist’s? Provide a one-paragraph response.
A psychologist would approach death by looking more into your feelings and overall well being. They’ll ask you questions like, how are you feeling? They also play more of a medical role than sociologists as psychologists can treat mental health issues such as depression and anxiety. Sociologists would dig deeper into the aspects of how someone died and correlate that back into data and statistics.