Sense And Behavior Psychology Study
In this chapter we discuss Sense And Behavior Psychology Study
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
All outward or overt actions and reactions.
Internal, covert activity of the mind.
Four Goals of Psychology
Description [what is happening?], Understanding [why is it happening?], Prediction [when will it happen again?], Control [how can it be changed?]
The “father of psychology”, a physiologist, who attempted to apply scientific principles to the study of the human mind.
the process of examining and measuring one’s own thoughts and mental activities
A student of Wundt and created structuralism.
Focus of the study is the structure or basic elements of the mind.
The focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work and play. Influenced the modern fields of educational, evolutionary and industrial/organizational psychology.
Started with Wirtheimer, the “good figure” psychology. Now part of cognitive psychology and not only focuses on perception but learning, memory, thought processes and problem solving.
Theory and therapy based on the work of Sigmund Freud. Believed that nervous disorders were caused by suppressed urges and that early childhood experiences were significant.
John B. Watson
Proposed behaviorism, “the science of behavior” that focuses on observable behavior.
People have free will, the freedom to choose their own destiny.
a measure of the relationship between two variables
Variable in the experiment that is manipulated.
Variable in an experiment that represents measurable response or behavior of the subjects in the experiment.
tendency of the experimenter’s expectations for a study to unintentionally influence the results of the study.
study in which the subjects do not know if they are in the experimental or the control group
study in which neither the experimenter nor the subjects know if the subjects are in the experimental or control group
mood learning, memory, muscle contraction, Alzheimers disease [when there is not enough]
attention, learning, movement, cocaine, schizophrenia
eating, alertness, wakefulness, depression [too little]
mood, sleep, appetite, aggression, depression [too little]
pain relief, pleasure
part of the forebrain that relays information from sensory organs to the cerebral cortex
plays a role in learning, memory and ability to compare sensory info to expectations
emotions; personality, decisions, memory, planning, inhibition
process visual info; identifies and makes sense of usual information
contains the somatosensory cortex, controls sense of touch, receive info from skin cells
motivation, emotion control, fear response, interpretation [nonverbal emotion of expressions[
fever, flight, fear, sexual drive [four F’s]
surgery in the temporal lobe in the hippocampus due to having frequent seizures. Now can’t transfer short term to long term.
Unique because it makes up the nervous system. Receives and send information.
soma has the dendrites around it which receives information and send it to the synaptic knobs and turns it into a chemical message
dark light. back of retina.
color. back of retina.
in the back of the eye that receives no information
recovery of the eyes sensitivity to visual stimuli in darkness after exposure to bright lights
to recovery of the eyes sensitivity to visual stimuli in light after exposure to darkness
short tunnel that runs from the pinna to the eardrum
thin section of skin that tightly covers the opening into the middle part of the ear
snail-shaped structure of the inner ear that is filled with fluid
Organ of corti
rests in the basilar membrane; contains receptor cells for sense of hearing
bundle of axons from the hair cells in the inner ear; receives neural message from the organ of Corti
taste receptor cells in mouth; responsible for sense of taste
Five basic tastes
sweet, sour, salty, bitter, brothy
areas of the brain located just above the sinus cavity and just below the frontal lobes that receive info from olfactory receptor cells [atleast 1,000 olfactory receptors]
the body senses consisting of the skins senses, the kinesthetic sense and the vestibular senses
pain signals must pass through a “gate” located in the spinal cord
sense of the location of body parts in relation to the ground and each other
sensations of movement, balance and body position