Political Power And Political Government

Exam 1 Political Power And Political Government

This exam is about Political Power And Political Government.


In which type of government would the people be most likely to have political power? 

Dictatorship

Oligarchy

Monarchy

Democracy – correct


Which statement would both Liberals and Conservatives agree? 

the government should attempt to redistribute wealth equally in a society

government should be as small as possible

government should be as large and as involved in society as possible

none of the above are correct – correct


“I believe that people are very self-interested and untrustworthy. We live in a constant state of fear and want to dominate others.” Which philosopher likely would have said that?

Thomas Hobbes

John Locke

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

All of the above – correct


Which is these is the best explanation for why the Legislative Branch has two parts (the House and the Senate)?

to balance the power of small states and large states – correct

to assure participation by rich and poor representatives

to assure orderliness in the making of laws

all of the above are correct


A concern of the anti-federalists regarding the new Constitution was…

small states had more authority and power than larger (populous) states had

it had too many limits on the federal government’s power

it gave too much power to the states

it gave too much power to the national government – correct


The group of early Americans that favored a strong central government and were proponents of the new Constitution were called 

Libertarians

Communists

Federalists – correct

Anti-federalists


Which amendment mentions the necessity for probable cause in conducting searches and seizures?

1st

2nd

3rd

4th – correct


Plato considered democracy to be the best form of government.

True

False – correct


Which of the following is true of constitutional monarchies? 

A member of a royal family has complete control over the government

Only an elite few people have political power

A royal family exists but they do not have total political power – correct

None of the above are correct


It is relatively easy to change the Constitution and it has been amended more than 50 times since it was written?

True

False – correct


Which of the following statements is true about checks and balances as written in the Constitution?  

Congress has the power to impeach and remove a president from office – correct

Only the President has control over who becomes a Supreme Court justice

Once elected, the President cannot be removed from office

A President loses his ability to veto laws in the second term of his administration


If somebody were to tell you that they “believed in a society in which the role of the federal government was relatively small and most problems were handled by state governments,” what would you call this person?  

Liberal

Conservative – correct

Socialist

Communist


All national, state, and local laws must comply with the Constitution because of…

Article III (3) of the Constitution.

Article IV (4) of the Constitution.

Article V (5) of the Constitution

Article VI (6) of the Constitution. – correct


The idea that states must recognize (although not agree with) the laws of other states, and that states should cooperate with other states is found in which article of the Constitution?  

1st

2nd

3rd

4th – correct


Which level/layer of government would be most responsible for the issuing of licenses, certificates, and overseeing elections?

federal government

state governments – correct

city governments

none of the above are correct


The 3/5 Compromise was made between northern and southern states regarding the issue of slavery. 

True – correct

False


Due to the fact that the role of the President is described in Article I of the Constitution, we can be fairly confident that the Founding Fathers wanted the president to be very powerful.

True

False – correct


Which political ideology represents the idea that government should be VERY large and powerful and should have almost total control over the economy, to the point where there is a centrally planned economy?

Liberalism

Conservatism

Socialism – correct

Democratic Socialism


Flag burning is not a form of speech and is not protected by the 1st Amendment.  

True

False – correct


Civil liberties are ways in which the federal government’s power is limited.    

True – correct

False


The Bill of Rights would have been strongly supported by which of these groups:

Federalists

Anti-federalists – correct

Zombies

None of the above


The idea that “cruel and unusual punishment” is unconstitutional is found in which amendment?   

1st

2nd

4th

8th – correct


Which amendment might people cite as evidence that we do have a right to privacy?   

1st

2nd

4th – correct

8th


In overturning their previous decision, the Supreme Court ultimately ruled that the idea of “separate but equal” violated which clause in the 14thAmendment?

equal protection – correct

separation of powers

checks and balances

reserved powers to the states


What is meant by “qualified immunity” as discussed in the class module? 

It only applies to the president and protects him/her from any prosecution while in office or once outside of office.

It’s a doctrine that gives government officials broad protections against lawsuits – correct

It is an act of Congress that applies to persons who are on trial and want to “plead the 5th amendment” in order to prevent having to testify against themselves

It relates to the power of federal prosecutors to prosecute whomever they want and to compel people to testify in a court of law


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