Individual Society & Social Problem – Sociology

Individual Society & Social Problem – Sociology

This quiz is about individual society and social problem – sociology.


In order for a social condition to be considered a social problem, it must be personally experienced by every individual in a particular society.

True

False – Correct


Conflict theorists argue that most social problems can be traced to the family.

True


Melissa, a sociologist conducting research on drug use, recently interviewed three drug-addicted individuals living in downtown Trenton, New Jersey. She plANS on writing her findings on the drug use based on these three interviews. Melissa is approaching her research from a macro perspective.

True

False – Correct


Social action to address social problems is only effective in the form of laws.

True

False – Correct


Anomie can be explained by periods of rapid social change, such as political upheaval.

True – Correct

False


Food stamps cannot be used to buy hygiene products, alcoholic beverages, and vitamins and medicines.

True – Correct

False


Most families who leave welfare for work do not earn enough money to afford decent quality housing.

True – Correct

False


Black and Hispanic workers are more than twice as likely as white and Asian workers to be working poor.

True – Correct

False


People who receive the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act are only able to receive it for 36 months.

True – Correct

False


Feminist scholars have criticized the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act requirements for making women choose to be stay-at-home mothers.

True

False – Correct


According to the interactionist perspective, we learn about racial and ethnic categories through our social interactions.

True – Correct

False


Black feminists focus primarily on how gender and racial oppression combine to create inequality.

True – Correct

False


According to functionalists, assimilation can never lead to social equilibrium.

True

False – Correct


Conflict theorists believe that assimilation is the best way to end racism.

True

False – Correct


Because of affirmative action and other social programs, most African AmericANS now earn the same as white AmericANS.

True

False – Correct


Colleges and universities receiving federal funding are required under Title IX to respond promptly and effectively to sexual violence against students.

True – Correct

False


From a feminist perspective, a change in gender roles undermines the stability of the family.

True

False – Correct


Gender inequality is a persistent feature of ALL modern societies.

True – Correct

False


Men typically place a greater emphasis on the physician–patient relationship than women, choosing primary care over surgical specialties.

True

False – Correct


Gender differences are fundamental differences between males and females based on biology.

True

False – Correct


In a paragraph, share your thoughts about making progress toward proficiency in understanding and comprehending sociology and social problems, especially in regard to; class, poverty, race/ism, and sex/ism/gender.

Be specific by discussing the experience of the readings and assignments as well as the opportunities for interaction you have had in this class with films. In particular, mention any concepts that have been particularly challenging to grasp.


In a paragraph, comment on the structure of this quiz and your experience taking it. Consider the format of the quiz, the conditions under which you prepared and took it, and the nature of the questions. Anchor your response with concrete illustrations e.g. I studied for 2 hours this week etc.  


Damien and his friends are at a barbecue discussing the changes in AIDS over the past few decades. Damien asserts that HIV/AIDS is no longer a significant global health concern because his neighbor is HIV positive and is thriving. Damien’s statement is most likely based on

data collection.
life experiences. – correct
literature review.
empirical research.


Which Stage 2 action could Ronald Reagan have taken to inhibit the spread of AIDS in the mid 1980s?

He could have reduced funding for drug treatment programs.
He could have resisted labelling AIDS the “gay plague.”
He could have publicly legitimized the disease when it was first identified. – correct
He could have allowed children with AIDS to attend public schools by supporting the Ryan White CARE Act.


The feminist perspective is to __________ as the interactionist perspective is to __________.

dysfunction; anomie
patriarchy; symbols – correct
macro; class consciousness
human agency; Proletariat


All of the following are social actions except

innovation.
analysis. – correct
social policy.
advocacy.


Carla is conducting a study examining the effect of income on available housing. Available housing is the

null hypothesis.
dependent variable – correct
research question.
independent variable.


Conflict theorists argue that most social problems can be traced to the family.

True
False – correct


In order for a social condition to be considered a social problem, it must be personally experienced by every individual in a particular society.

True
False – correct


A theory is defined as a set of assumptions and propositions used for explanation, prediction, and understanding.

True – correct
False


Sociology is essentially commonsense guessing about how the world works.

True
False – correct


The feminist perspective examines social problems at the micro level of analysis.

True
False – correct


Modern history reveals that Americans tend to stand by and do nothing about social problems.

True
False – correct


No U.S. president or Congress has ever promised to eliminate poverty.

True – correct
False


The defining of HIV/AIDS as a sexual epidemic rather than a public health threat occurred during the Stage 2 legitimization process.

True
False – correct


Africa is the epicenter of the AIDS pandemic.

True – correct
False


sociological imagination, the ability to recognize the links between our personal lives and experiences and our social world

True – correct


A theory is a set of assumptions and propositions used for explanation, prediction, and understanding.

True – correct


Which research method is designed to find patterns in a series of responses to questions?

historical and comparative
survey – correct
qualitative
quantitative


What is the term for a set of norm, values and beliefs that encourage and perpetuate poverty?

culture of poverty – correct


______ refers to a lack of necessities, such as food, shelter, and income.

absolute poverty – correct


Which theorist proposed that the function of society is to control individual actions?

Emile Durkheim – correct


Which of these regions has the highest number of individuals living with AIDS?

Eastern and Southern Africa – correct


What active role of individuals do Interactionists—more than any other perspective—stress as a factor in creating their social environment?

human agency – correct


T/F? Melissa, a sociologist conducting research on drug use, recently interviewed three drug-addicted individuals living in downtown Trenton, New Jersey. She plans on writing her findings on the drug use based on these three interviews. Melissa is approaching her research from a macro perspective.


According to your text, social problems can be identified as happening in ______ stage(s)?

Four – correct


What is the term for the ability to link our own lives and experiences with our social world?

sociological imagination – correct


Social structures can have positive or negative consequences. What is the name for the negative consequences, according to functionalist Robert Merton?

Dysfunction – correct


Who developed the concept of the “Social Construction of Reality”?

Peter Berger and Thomas Luckman – correct


Jean Schroedel and Daniel Jordan examined the allocation of federal funds to four distinct HIV/AIDS groups between 1982 and 1992. The group that received the least funding were labeled as which of these?

deviants – correct


Which of these theories takes a micro perspective?


symbolic interactionist theory – correct
conflict theory
functionalist theory
feminist theory


How does the self emerge from interaction?

We act based on our past experiences and based on what we have come to accept as definitions of each role. – correct


Anomie can be explained by periods of rapid social change, such as political upheaval.

True – correct


Functionalism uses a macro perspective to examine society.

True – correct


Most families who leave welfare for work do not earn enough money to afford decent quality housing.

True – correct


From a Conflict perspective, inequality is systematically created and maintained by those trying to preserve their advantage.

True – correct


According to the National Low Income Housing Coalition, there is no state in the United States where a low-income worker can reasonably afford a modest 1- or 2-bedroom rental unit.

True – correct


To qualify for the Earned Income Tax Credit program one must be unemployed.

False – correct


The U.S. food stamp program is now called the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.

True – correct


Feminist scholars have criticized the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act requirements for making women choose to be stay-at-home mothers.

False – correct


The U.S. Census Bureau has employed experimental measures of poverty to measure the poverty rate. These measures find that the poverty rate is ______ what has been found with standard poverty rate measures.


higher than – correct
lower than
much more concentrated among the elderly than
the same as


The defining of HIV/AIDS as a sexual epidemic rather than a public health threat occurred during the Stage 2 legitimization process.

False – correct


In order for a social condition to be considered a social problem, it must be personally experienced by every individual in a particular society.

False – correct


According to the World Bank there has been a significant increase in the number of the world’s poor.

False – correct


The cost of college tuition is ______.

rising at a faster rate than family income or student financial aid – correct


Quantitative research methods focus on ______.

statistical data – correct


Social action to address social problems is only effective in the form of laws.

false – correct


A functionalist examines the ______ of society.

institutions – correct


Secondary data analysis usually involves the analysis of originally collected data.

False – correct


There is no limit on how much assistance people can receive under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act.

False – correct


The U.S. Census Bureau has employed experimental measures of poverty to measure the poverty rate. These measures find that the poverty rate is ______ what has been found with standard poverty rate measures.

higher than – correct


Food insecurity is higher for which of these groups?


single female-headed household – correct
Asian women
white men
elderly


The feminist perspective points out that U.S. welfare policy is shaped by which of these?

the patriarchal family and male dominance – correct
religious beliefs and corporate influence
religious beliefs and the patriarchal family
male dominance and corporate influence


Which U.S. states had the highest three-year average poverty rates between 2014 and 2016?

Louisiana, New Mexico, and MississippI – correct


Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program provides ______ to individuals and families through periods of unemployment or a crisis.

temporary assistance – correct


The feminist perspective is to ______ as the interactionist perspective is to ______.

dysfunction; anomie
macro; class consciousness
human agency; Proletariat
patriarchy; symbols – correct


Nancy Fraser argues that there are masculinized and feminized welfare programs. The masculinized program is associated with which of these?

food security
the family or household
religious beliefs
the labor market – correct


Nearly one-half of all college-qualified, low- and moderate-income high school graduates are unable to afford college

True – correct


Charles Lemert argues that sociology is a thing to be ______.


lived – correct
studied
discussed
rejected


According to Spector and Kituse’s stage model of social problems, the transformation of AIDS from a private trouble to a public issue is an example of which stage of social problem emergence?

stage four
stage one – correct
stage three
stage two


Which type of theory focuses on the individual level of analysis of society?

micro theory – correct
macro theory
anomic theory
meso theory


The Earned Income Tax Credit program was specially designed for which of these?

impoverished elderly
minority groups
teenagers
low-income working families – correct


Which area of the United States has the highest poverty rate?

Northeast
West
South – correct
Midwest


What is the average monthly benefit for a family receiving the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program?


$256 – correct
$126
$766
$446


The term “relative” poverty emphasizes the ______ gap between the richest and poorest Americans.

completely nonexistent
socially constructed
growing – correct
decreasing


The ______ is the original federal poverty measure developed by the Social Security Administration and updated each year by the U.S. Census Bureau.


Poverty Threshold
USDA
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program – correct
Household Food Consumption Survey


Conflict theorists argue that most social problems can be traced to the family.

False – correct


Nancy Fraser argues that there are masculinized and feminized welfare programs. The feminized program is associated with which of these?


religious beliefs
food security
the family or household – correct
the labor market


Applied research differs from basic research in that basic research examines causes without intent to use the data somewhere specific, whereas applied research has a specific intent to apply findings for policy implementation.

True – correct


Which theorist is associated with the Interactionist Perspective?

Mead – correct


Secondary data analysis usually involves the analysis of originally collected data.

false – correct


Separate poverty guidelines exist for those living in Alaska and Hawaii versus the rest of the United States.

true – correct


What is the average monthly benefit for an individual receiving the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program?


$256
$446
$766
$126 – correct


President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal provided assistance for which of these categories?

work relief – correct
mental health relief
marriage relief
housing relief


The term life chances, coined by Max Weber, explains how each social position provides access to ______.


religious enlightenment
high positions in government
happiness and self-fulfillment
goods and services – correct


In the first stage of the identification of a social problem, activists, advocates, and victims of the problem feel distrust towards formal organizations.

False – correct


What is the term for a set of norm, values and beliefs that encourage and perpetuate poverty?

social stratification
culture of poverty – correct
poverty guidelines
relative poverty


As defined by the author, a social problem is a social condition or pattern of behavior that has ______ consequences for ______.

negative; individuals, our social world, or the physical world – correct
negative; our social world
positive; external self
positive; non-conforming members of society


Which of the following is NOT an example of Karl Marx’s concept of alienation?


James becomes alienated from his own family. – correct
James becomes alienated from his work as a Master Carpenter.
James becomes alienated from the product of his work.
James becomes alienated from his coworkers.


Jane is interested in how the poor provide necessary services for society such as providing jobs for those who serve them. Jane is examining poverty through the ______ perspective.


interactionist
conflict
functionalist – correct
feminist


Which is TRUE of the poverty threshold?

It is set at twice the cost of the economy food plan.
It was originally based on the consumer price index.
It varies by geographic location.
It fails to include foster children or families living in military barracks.- correct


______ refers to a situation where some people fall below the average income or lifestyle enjoyed by the rest of society.

Status poverty
Relative poverty – correct
Basic poverty
Absolute poverty


The Supplemental Poverty Measure considers which of these important factors in lifting families out of poverty?

highest level of education in the household
citizenship status
how many years someone has lived in their house or apartment
receipt of non-cash benefits such as SNAP and the Earned Income Tax Credit – correct


Which of these is an example of applied research?
a study of divorce rates
a study of predictors of diabetes
a study of hook up culture at colleges
a study of which programs best address opioid addiction – correct


Which of these is not a “social action”?


advocacy
social policy
innovation
analysis – correct


What was the intent of Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act?

To help those who could not help themselves
To eliminate racial and employment discrimination
To reduce recipients’ dependence on government assistance – correct
To end poverty in the United States


With which of these statements about social problems would Symbolic Interactionists agree?


All social problems result from inequality in the social structure.
Objective social problems do not exist; they become real only if they are defined and labeled.- correct
Behaviors leading to social problems are biological.
All social problems have functions and dysfunctions for society.


Wealth is more equally distributed than income.

False – correct


The number of Americans being diagnosed annually with HIV/AIDS has ______ since the early 1980s when it emerged in the United States.


declined significantly – correct
tripled
doubled
stayed the same


About ______ of U.S. households were food insecure at least some time in 2016.

22 percent
2 percent
12 percent – correct
42 percent


After a recession ends, poverty is likely to ______.

increase – correct
stay the same as before the recession
decrease slightly
decrease dramatically


Which stage 2 action could Ronald Reagan have taken to inhibit the spread of AIDS in the mid-1980s?

He could have allowed children with AIDS to attend public schools by supporting the Ryan White CARE Act.
He could have reduced funding for drug treatment programs.
He could have resisted labelling AIDS the “gay plague.”
He could have publicly legitimized the disease when it was first identified.- correct


Mickey Chopra, UNICEF’s chief of health, reports that as countries such as the United States have turned their attention and funding to the AIDS epidemic worldwide, deaths due to preventable diseases have increased.

true – correct


Which of the following is NOT an example of Karl Marx’s concept of alienation?
james becomes alienated from the product of his work.
James becomes alienated from his own family.- correct
James becomes alienated from his work as a Master Carpenter.
James becomes alienated from his coworkers.


Which statement best defines secondary data analysis?


data collected in the field by an interviewer
data collected based on responses to a series of questions
research that involves working with data that the researcher did not originally design or collect.- correct
research that focuses on one historical period or traces a sequence of events over a number of years


After a recession ends, poverty is likely to ______.
decrease slightly
increase – correct
decrease dramatically
stay the same as before the recession


John is a student of sociology. He decides to dress as if he is a homeless person and goes to the local downtown library to “hang out” with the homeless to gather data for a research project. John is using which of these research methods to collect his data?


quantitative methods
secondary data analysis
qualitative methods – correct
comparative research


What is the term for the belief that problems only become real because they were perceived and defined that way?

definitional theory
social constructionism – correct
social problem
objective reality


Based on 2016 figures, which group in the United States has the highest percentage of its members in poverty?


non-Hispanic Whites
Hispanics
Native Americans
Blacks – correct


C. Wright Mills defined the ______ as a small group of political, business, and military elite who exclusively control our society.


bourgeoisie
power elite – correct
prestige elite
proletariat


What is the term for the belief that problems only become real because they were perceived and defined that way?


definitional theory
objective reality
social problem
social constructionism – correct


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