Biology – Muscle Types (Lecture 1 Test)

This is Biology – Muscle types test with topics including cells, tissue, muscle types and function of body parts

Which of the following cell types are wandering phagocytic cells found in the epidermis?
A) Langerhans (dendritic) cells – correct
B) macrophages
C) neutrophils
D) mast cells
E) neuroglia

Sebaceous glands are often associated with ___.
A) nails
B) merocrine sweat glands
C) hair follicles- correct
D) apocrine sweat glands
E) All of the answers are correct.

Which of the following exclusively (i.e. ONLY) describes stratified epithelia?
A) They consist of a single cell layer.
B) They always cover the inside of small blood vessels
C) They are avascular.
D) They cover surfaces subjected to mechanical and chemical stress.- correct
E) None of the answers are correct.

Which of the following is a vesicle that contains enzymes?
A) ribosome
B) lysosome – correct
C) nucleosome
D) chromosome
E) hyaluronan

A transverse section at the level immediately below the nipple would pass through which body cavity(ies)?
A) pleural cavities
B) pericardial cavity
C) abdominal cavity
D) pelvic cavity
E) both the pleural cavities and the pericardial cavity- correct

Which of the following cells can be found in connective tissue?
A) mesenchymal cells
B) fibroblasts
C) eosinophils
D) mast cells
E) All of the answers are correct. – correct

Which of the following is NOT a primary function of the kidneys in the urinary system?
A) form and concentrate urine
B) regulate blood pH and ion concentrations
C) perform endocrine functions
D) All of the above are primary functions of the kidneys.- correct
E) None of the answers are primary functions of the kidneys.

In the prone position, ________.
A) the body faces posteriorly
B) the body is lying in anatomical position face up
C) the body is lying in anatomical position face down- correct
D) the head is turned to the left, and the eyes are closed
E) the body is situated facing posteriorly and the eyes are open.

Mesenteries ________.
A) provide support and stability to the stomach and small intestine- correct
B) allow movement of abdominal structures
C) support and stabilize organs such as the kidneys
D) All of the answers are correct.
E) None of the answers are correct.

Which type of epithelium is present where easy exchange of materials out of the blood is most important, such as that in the lining of the heart and all blood vessels?
A) stratified squamous epithelium
B) columnar epithelium
C) endothelium – correct
D) cuboidal epithelium
E) simple epithelium

Mammary glands are anatomically related to ________.
A) sebaceous glands
B) merocrine sweat glands
C) sebaceous follicles
D) eccrine sweat glands
E) apocrine sweat glands- correct

Eyebrows and eyelashes are examples of ________ hairs.
A) vellus
B) terminal- correct
C) intermediate
D) club
E) lanugo

The basic functions performed by all living organisms include(s) ________.
A) reproduction
B) metabolism
C) growth
D) movement
E) All of the answers are correct.- correct

Which of the following directional reference pairs consists of anatomical equivalents (means the same)when referring to the human body?
A) distal, coronal
B) proximal, lateral
C) cranial, caudal
D) cephalic, posterior
E) anterior, ventral- correct

Which type of anatomy refers to the study of all of the superficial and internal features in a specific area of the body?
A) surface anatomy
B) regional anatomy– correct
C) systemic anatomy
D) gross anatomy
E) organismal anatomy

Choose the correct arrangement of items 1-5, ranking them from the LEAST to the HIGHEST level of complexity.
(1) organism
(2) tissue
(3) chemical or molecular
(4) cellular
(5) organ system
A) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
B) 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
C) 1, 5, 2, 4, 3
D) 3,4, 2, 5, 1– correct
E) 2, 4, 1, 5, 3

The ________ lines the body wall within the abdominopelvic cavity.
A) visceral pleura
B) parietal pericardium
C) mesentery proper
D) superficial fascia
E) parietal peritoneum- correct

Which of the following comprises a list of the most closely related connective tissue types?
A) adipose tissue, tendon, blood, lymph, bone
B) elastic cartilage, fibrocartilage, skin
C) tendon, blood, lymph, reticular tissue
D) areolar tissue, tendon, bone, cartilage
E) reticular tissue, dense elastic connective tissue proper, adipose tissue- correct

The inability of the heart to function properly due to physical damage from a chest wound, making it ineffective even when most of the heart muscle cells are intact and uninjured, most directly involves which level of organization of body structures?
A) chemical
B) tissue– correct
C) organ
D) cellular
E) organism

Chewing a bite of bread mixes it with saliva and
facilitates its chemical breakdown. This is most likely due
to the fact that ________.
A) the inside of the mouth maintains a very high
B) chewing stores potential energy
C) chewing facilitates synthesis reactions
D) saliva contains enzymes – correct
E) none of the above

Which of the following refers to all the chemical operations underway in the body?
A) anabolism
B) respiration
C) absorption
D) metabolism– correct
E) excretion

The femur is ________ to the tarsus. (hint: in relation to the cranium/head)
A) lateral
B) distal
C) medial
D) proximal– correct
E) dorsal

The axilla is ________ and ________ to the nasus.
A) superior; lateral
B) inferior; lateral– correct
C) anterior; lateral
D) ventral; medial
E) posterior; medial

The anatomical name for the front of the elbow is ________.
A) olecranon
B) antecubitis– correct
C) carpus
D) antebrachium
E) manus

A _____ section is produced if the body is separated into superior and inferior portions.
A) coronal
B) medial
C) frontal
D) parasagittal
E) transverse- correct

Membranes are formed by the combination of which tissues?
A) epithelial and connective– correct
B) epithelial and muscle
C) connective and muscle
D) muscle and neural
E) connective and neural

Which membrane is thick, relatively waterproof, and usually dry?
A) hypodermis
B) cutaneous membrane– correct
C) deep fascia
D) subserous fascia
E) synovial membrane

Which of the following is characteristic of cardiac muscle tissue?
A) consists of a branching network of interconnected muscle cells– correct
B) individual cells have many, irregularly shaped nuclei
C) can replace cells and regenerate after an injury
D) contracts only with nervous stimulation
E) also called striated voluntary muscle

Skeletal muscle tissue contains large fibers that are ________.
A) multinucleated– correct
B) involuntary
C) nonstriated
D) controlled by pacesetter cells
E) connected by intercalated discs

Pain originating from the spleen would most likely be felt in the ________ abdominopelvic quadrant.
A) right upper
B) right lower
C) left upper– correct
D) left lower
E) left inguinal

Organs such as the liver, stomach, and pancreas are located within the ________ cavity, superior to the level of the pelvis.
A) dorsal
B) pelvic
C) abdominal– correct
D) cranial
E) inguinal

The main cavities of the body are the ___.
A) thoracic
B) dorsal
C) pleural
D) ventral
E) B and D- correct

Components of the ventral cavity include which of the following?
A) the heart
B) stomach
C) mediastinum
D) A through C– correct
E) None of the above

Features of smooth muscle tissue include ________.
A) its exclusive location in the heart
B) multiple nuclei (usually) for each cell
C) the ability to regenerate after injury
D) intercalated discs and multinucleated
E) having a single nucleus (usually) for each cell and tapered ends- correct

Gross anatomical specialties include ________.
A) radiographic and surgical anatomy– correct
B) cytology and embryology
C) histology
D) radiographic anatomy, surgical anatomy, cytology and embryology
E) cytology, histology and embryology

Which of the following is the highest level (more complex) of organization?
A) molecules
B) organelles
C) cells
D) tissues
E) organs- correct

The basic functions performed by all living organisms include(s) ________.
A) reproduction
B) metabolism
C) growth
D) movement
E) All of the answers are correct.- correct

Directing immediate responses to stimuli, usually by coordinating the activities of other organ systems is the function of the ________.
A) integumentary system
B) endocrine system
C) urinary system
D) nervous system– correct
E) reproductive system

The major functions of the ________ system are temperature control and protection of the body from the external environmental hazards.
A) digestive
B) cardiovascular
C) urinary
D) respiratory
E) integumentary- correct

A person lying down in the anatomical position is said to be ________ when lying face up.
A) homeostatic
B) prone
C) superficial
D) supine– correct
E) ventral

Which of the following organs occupies the pleural cavity?
A) trachea
B) heart
C) lungs– correct
D) esophagus
E) thyroid gland

Small, finger-shaped projections of the plasmalemma are termed ________.
A) flagella
B) centrioles
C) thick filaments
D) microvilli– correct
E) cilia

A passive process that involves movement of substances from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration is called ________.
A) osmosis
B) pinocytosis
C) exocytosis
D) diffusion– correct
E) phagocytosis

Epithelia ________.
A) provide sensation
B) control permeability
C) provide physical protection
D) produce specialized secretions
E) All of the answers are correct.- correct

The ________ is a complex structure produced by the epithelium and cells of the underlying connective tissue.
A) apical surface
B) basal lamina– correct
C) ciliated epithelium
D) microvillus
E) stereocilium

Select F for false and T for true . Match the following statements with your choice on the answer grid.

1. The jugular notch is also called the suprasternal notch. True

2. The femoral triangle is in the forearm near the elbow. False

3. The thoracic cavity includes only the pleural cavities. False

4. Parasagittal cuts divide the body into two equal halves lengthwise. False

5. The mastoid process is on the chin. False