Body Anatomy – Heart and Blood – Biology

Body Anatomy – Heart and Blood Lecture 1 Quiz

This Lecture 1 quiz is based on topics including Body anatomy, study of the heart and blood vessels.


The study of the heart, blood, and blood vessels is which of the following approaches?
A) systemic anatomy – correct
B) regional anatomy
C) developmental anatomy
D) comparative anatomy
E) gross anatomy


The inability of the heart to function properly due to physical damage from a chest wound, making it ineffective even when most of the heart muscle cells are intact and uninjured, most directly involves which level of organization of body structures?
A) chemical
B) tissue – correct
C) organ
D) cellular
E) organism


Choose the correct arrangement of items 1-5, ranking them from the highest to the least level of complexity.
(1) organism
(2) tissue
(3) chemical or molecular
(4) cellular
(5) organ system
A) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
B) 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
C) 1, 5, 2, 4, 3 – correct
D) 5, 3, 2, 4, 1
E) 2, 4, 1, 5, 3


The basic functions performed by all living organisms include(s) ________.
A) reproduction
B) metabolism
C) growth
D) movement
E) All of the answers are correct – correct


Which of the following refers to all the chemical operations underway in the body?
A) anabolism
B) respiration
C) absorption
D) metabolism – correct
E) excretion


The primary site of blood cell production is within the ________.
A) cardiovascular system
B) skeletal system – correct
C) integumentary system
D) lymphatic system
E) endocrine system


In the prone position, ________.
A) the body faces posteriorly
B) the body is lying in anatomical position face up
C) the body is lying in anatomical position face down – correct
D) the head is turned to the left, and the eyes are closed
E) the body is situated facing posteriorly and the eyes are open.


A frontal (coronal) section is in a plane that ________.
A) is at right angles to the longitudinal axis
B) divides the body into left and right sections
C) divides the body into anterior and posterior sections – correct
D) divides the body into superior and inferior sections
E) divides the body into frontal sections


The serous membrane that lines the outer surface of a lung is called the ________.
A) visceral peritoneum
B) parietal pericardium
C) visceral pleura – correct
D) parietal mesentery
E) None of the answers are correct.


A transverse section at the level immediately below the nipple would pass through which body cavity(ies)?
A) pleural cavities
B) pericardial cavity
C) abdominal cavity
D) pelvic cavity
E) both the pleural cavities and the pericardial cavity – correct


Which of the following is a vesicle that contains enzymes?
A) ribosome
B) lysosome – correct
C) nucleosome
D) chromosome
E) hyaluronan


Which of the following can self-replicate?
A) centrosome
B) mitochondria
C) peroxisome
D) B and C – correct
E) all


In correct order from beginning to end, cells undergoing mitosis pass through ________.
A) anaphase, prophase, interphase, and telophase
B) metaphase, prophase, telophase, and anaphase
C) interphase, telophase, metaphase, and prophase
D) prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase – correct
E) telophase, anaphase, metaphase, and prophase


Epithelia ________.
A) provide sensation
B) control permeability
C) provide physical protection
D) produce specialized secretions
E) All of the answers are correct. – correct


The ________ is a complex structure produced by the epithelium and cells of the underlying connective tissue.
A) apical surface
B) basal lamina – correct
C) ciliated epithelium
D) microvillus
E) stereocilium


Tendons, aponeuroses, and ligaments are all composed of ________ connective tissue, which contains tightly packed collagen fibers aligned parallel to applied forces.
A) dense regular – correct
B) osseous
C) cartilaginous
D) reticular
E) areolar


Although skeletal muscle fibers cannot divide, new muscle fibers can be produced through the division of ________, which are mesenchymal cells that persist in adult skeletal muscle.
A) pacemaker cells
B) myosatellite cells – correct
C) osteocytes
D) periosteal stem cells
E) mast cells


The integument is separated from the deep fascia around the other organs by (the) ________.
A) epidermis
B) dermis
C) hypodermis – correct
D) cutaneous membrane
E) None of the answers are correct.


A hypodermic needle would penetrate the skin in which order?
A) papillary layer of dermis, reticular layer of dermis, epidermis
B) epidermis, reticular layer of dermis, papillary layer of dermis
C) epidermis, papillary layer of dermis, reticular layer of dermis – correct
D) reticular layer of dermis, papillary layer of dermis, epidermis
E) None of the answers are correct.


The blood supply to the skin is called (the) ________.
A) brachial plexus
B) cutaneous plexus – correct
C) hypodermis
D) venous anastomosis
E) None of the answers are correct.


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