Sentence Verb & Accent – English Language

Sentence Verb & Accent – English Language

This English language lesson covers English grammar, sentence, verb and English accent.


Accent

The way we pronounce words. There are examples of different accents: Scouser, Geordie


Accommodation

We adjust our words to address the person we are speaking to


Acronym

A word formed from the intiall letters of other words


Active Voice

When the subject of the verb is the person performing the action


Adjacency Pair

Two-part exchanges following a predictable pattern and found in a conversation


Adjective

A describing word


Adverb

A word that tells us more about a verb, adverb or adjective


Adverbial

A word or group of words working as an adverb , giving info on time, place or manner


Affix

A group of letters forming part of a word


Alliteration

When two or more words begin with the same letter


Amelioration

A change in the meaning of a word that gives the word a more postitve meaning


Anaphoric Reference

A word or expression in a text that refers back to another part of the text


Antonym

A word that is opposite in meaning to another word


Assonance

When the vowel sounds in the middle of two or more words are similar


Asyndetic Listing

Listing which does not involve the use of conjuctions


Auxiliary Verb

A verb placed in front of a main verb


Blend

A word formed by combining parts of other words


Borrowing

A word taken from another language


Broadening

Occurs when the meaning of a word is extended; the word retains its old meaning but takes on one or more added meanings as well


Cataphoric Reference

A word or expression in a text that refers forward to another part of the text


Clause

A group of words forming a unit withing a sentence, usually containing a subject and a verb


Clipping

A word formed by shortening an exsisting word


Cohesion

The techniques and devices used to connect different parts of a text with each other


Coinage

The creation of a completley new word


Collocation

Groups of words that are commonly found alongside each other


Comparative

An adjective that makes a comparison, usually ending in -er


Complement

A part of a sentence that describes a subject or an object


Complex Sentence

A sentecne containing a main clause and one or more clasues of lesser importance


Compound

A word or expression formed from the combination of other words


Compund Sentence

Two or more simple sentences joined together by a coordinatijg conjunction


Conjunction

A word which joins together the different parts of a sentence


Connotation

That associations a word has


Contraction

Occurs when words are combined to form a single, shortended word


Convergence

When the speech styles of two or more people move closer to each other


Creole

A pidgin language that has developed and become the first language or new generarions or speakers


Declarative Sentence

A sentence that makes a statement


Deixis

Deictic expressions cannot be understood unless the context of the utterance is know


Denotation

The meaning of a word


Descriptivism

An approach to the study of language that describes how language is used but does not judge language use as a correct or incorrect


Determiner

A word used before a noun to indicate quantity, identity or significance


Dialect

A variety of language with distinctive features of vocab, grammar and accent


Divergence

When the speech styles of two or more people move away from each other


End-Focus

Placing emphasis upon the closing part of a sentence


Estuary English

An accent from London that has spread around the country


Euphemism

A mild or indirect expression used instead of one that is considererd in some way offensive, painful or unpleasant


Exclamatory Sentecne

A sentence that ends with an exclamation mark


Field-specific Lexis

Vocab associated with a particular topic or field


Filled Pause

A hesitation such as ‘um’ or ‘er’


Filler

A word of little meaning put into your speech e.g. ‘you know’, ‘like’


Genre

A type or form


Graphology

The visual aspects of a text


Head Word

The main word in a phrase


Hypernym, Hyponym

Hypernym: General word linked in meaning to more speciific words, know as hyponyms


Idiolect

The form of language used by, and unique to, a single person


Idiom

An expression whose meaning can not be understood from the meanings of the person words that make up the expression


Imperative Sentence

A sentence that is a command


Infinitive

A form of a verb that does not specify person or number


Inflection

A letter or group of letters at the end of a word serving a grammatical function. Also know as an inflectional affix


Interrogative Sentence

A sentence that is a question


Intertextuality

When a text makes a reference to, or incorporates elements of, another text


Intransitive Verbs

Verbs which do not require an object


Jargon

The specialist vocab associated with a specific occupation or activity


Lexical Field

A group of words that has been taken from another language


Lexis

Another term for vocab


Loan Word

A word that has been taken from another language


Metaphor

A comparison that describes a person, object or situation as if it actually were something else


Modal Auxiliary

Auxiliary verbs which are only ever used in conjunction with a main verb


Modifier

A word that gives more info about a head word


Monosyllabic Words

Words of one syllable


Morpheme

The smallest unit of language that expresses meaning or serves a grammatical function; always a letter or group of letters


Morphology

The study of the structure of words


Narrowing

When the meaning of a word narrows so that it becomes more limited and specific


Non-fluency Features

Features that interrupt the flow of a person’s speech


Noun

A word that indicates the name given to a person, place, object, feeling etc.


Onomatopoeia

When the sound of a word echoes its meaning


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