World War and Chinese Dynasty – History

World War and Chinese Dynasty – Lesson 1

World war and Chinese Dynasty are some of the topics discussed in this lesson.


This dynasty was founded in the mid 1600s

Chinese Qing Dynasty


The Qing Dynasty was founded by a member of this group – history

Manchus


The son of peasants who founded the Ming Dynasty

Hongwu


This dynasty included the rulers Kangxi and Qian-long.

Qing Dynasty


This dynasty ruled China following the end of Mongol rule.

Ming Dynasty


This nation was a vassal state of China during the Qing Dynasty.

Korea


This Chinese ruler attempted to expand China’s tribute system by sponsoring voyages of exploration.

Yonglo


This Chinese ruler moved the Chinese capital to Beijing, where he built the palace complex known as the Forbidden City.

Yonglo


This nation’s trade representatives won the favor of Chinese emperors by accepting restrictions on trade, paying tribute, and kowtowing.

Netherlands


This Chinese Muslim explorer led seven voyages of exploration to places such as Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and eastern Africa.

Zheng He


Why did Germany’s use of U-boats lead to conflict with the United States?

Ships had no warning or defense against U-boats; submarines attacked American and other neutral ships; the German government broke its promises about restricting its submarines.


U-boat

German submarine


Sussex pledge

the German promise to the U.S. that U-boats would warn ships before attacking


Zimmerman note

coded German telegram to Mexico making a secret offer


Autocrat

a ruler with unlimited power


Russian Revolution

March 1917, Czar Nicholas II of Russia was forced to give up the throne to a republican government


Why did the United States declare war on Germany?

The triggering cause was the continued sinking of neutral ships, which harmed American commercial interests. Other causes included the Zimmermann note, the Russian Revolution, and an anti-German bias among Americans.


What were the reactions in the United States to the outbreak of the war in Europe?

Most Americans favored the Allies. President Wilson decided on a position of neutrality. Both the preparedness movement, which urged the U.S. to get ready for war, and the peace movement began promoting their views.


Why did the Zimmermann note enrage Americans?

Though Wilson did not take it seriously, the Zimmermann note enraged Americans because it was an attempt to secretly draw Mexico into the war and ultimately reward it with U.S. territory


What impact did the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand have on the United States?

His 1914 assassination caused many people to call for the United States to enter the war, but President Wilson declared that the country would stay neutral.


Explain the significance of the following dates: 1914-1918

World War I was fought between 1914 and 1918


Did the sinking of the Lusitania cause the United States to enter World War I

Not directly, but it did cause more Americans to be in favor of the entry of the United States into the war.


Militarism

a policy which involves aggressively building up a nation’s armed forces in preparation for war and giving the military more authority over the government and foreign policy.


Imperialism

a policy in which a stronger nation attempts to create an empire by dominating weaker nations economically, politically, or militarily


nationalism

devotion to one’s country


alliances

mutual treaties of assistance


What were the main causes of World War I

Imperialism, militarism, nationalism, and alliances were the deeper causes. The triggering cause was the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand.


Which countries were known as the Allies? Which countries were known as the Central Powers?

Allies: Russia, France, Serbia, Great Britain joined later by Italy and Romania. Central Powers: Germany and Austria-Hungary joined later by the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria


What was the main reason that the United States stayed neutral at the start of World War I

President Wilson wanted to protect American commercial investments overseas


What caused the public opinion of Americans to sway against Germany

Propaganda was used to change American opinion


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