West Art – Ancient & Medieval History

West Art – Ancient & Medieval History

West Art – Ancient & Medieval History


SLIDE IDENTIFICATION

Select the response that identifies or corresponds best to the image on the screen.

West Art - Ancient & Medieval 
Paleolithic Art

Mesolithic

Paleolithic – correct

Proto-Neolithic

Neolithic


Çatal Höyük has a most remarkable mural, a landscape. Which statement best defines the termlandscape?

Çatal Höyük 
West Art - Ancient & Medieval

It is a picture of a natural setting in its own right with narrative content.

It is a picture that must have trees and narrative content.

It is a picture of a natural setting in its own right without any narrative content. – correct

It is a picture that must have trees and no narrative content.


A henge, or ____, was a type of megalithic monument found almost exclusively in Britain.

an arrangement of megalithic stones in a circle – correct

passage grave

huge stones arranged in a diamond

fortification wall inset with towers


Figures sculpted in the round can be defined as ____.

freestanding – correct

bas relief

engraved

high relief


One of the most famous Paleolithic cave paintings, the Hall of the Bulls, was discovered in ____.

West Art - Ancient & Medieval 
Hall of the Bulls

the Lascaux caves – correct

Altamira

Jericho

England


One of the suggested purposes for Paleolithic cave paintings is thought to have been ____.

decoration for the cave

a record of the previous season’s kills

the creation myth of the tribal chief

insurance for the survival of the herd – correct


The emphasis on the anatomy of the N ude woman figurine (Venus of Willendorf) suggests early man’s interest in ____.

gold and jewels

athletic competitions

the domestication of animals

health and fertility – correct


The regular appearance of ____ distinguishes paintings produced in the Neolithic period from those in the Paleolithic period.

human figures – correct

bison

animals

landscape elements such as trees and flowers


What might explain the prevalence of female figures in Paleolithic art?

survival of the specific individuals


____ was used almost exclusively for the representation of animals in Paleolithic art.

Foreshortening

The profile view – correct

Linear perspective

Composite creature


Found on the Warka Vase, the convention of hierarchy of scale indicated ____.

order of the gods

greater importance – correct

the power of money

the first families


In his pursuit of beautifying the city of Bayblon, Nebuchadnezzar II built the ____ as one of the main entrances to the city.

Palace of Darius

Ziggurat at Ur

White Temple

Ishtar Gate – correct


A magnificent mortuary temple was built at Deir el Bahri for which of the following pharaohs?

Ti

Nefertiti

Hatshepsut – correct

Imhotep


A rectangular brick or stone tomb with sloping sides is called a ____?

tholos

mastaba – correct

serdab

dromos


Egyptian art—with the exception of the Amarna period—can be described as which of the following?

Conservative and fleeting

Conservative and formulaic – correct

Fluid and experimental

Expressive and experimental


In about 3000 BCE, the conventions for representing the human figure that dominated Egyptian art until end of the New Kingdom can be found in which of the following?

Rosetta Stone

Standard of Heliopolis

Stele of Ramses

Palette of King Narmer – correct


In addition to their function as a tomb, the pyramids also ____.

served as a platform for the priests of Amen to gain followers

provided work for the powerful mason guild

served as a reminder of the afterlife

served as a reminder of the absolute power of the pharaoh – correct


Pyramids were most popular during which of the following periods?

Old Kingdom – correct

Middle Kingdom

Predynastic period

Early Dynastic period


SLIDE IDENTIFICATION
Select the response that identifies or corresponds best to the image on the screen.

Khafre

Akhenaton – correct

Ramses

Tutankhamen


SLIDE IDENTIFICATION
Select the response that identifies or corresponds best to the image on the screen.

New Kingdom

Predynastic – correct

Old Kingdom

Later period


Some scholars believe that Amarna artists formulated a new androgynous image of the pharaoh, Akhenaton, as the manifestation of ____.

the sun god Ra

Horus

Nefertiti

the sun disk Aton – correct


The columns in the hypostyle hall at Karnak have capitals that resemble ____.

Model of Hypostyle Hall, Karnak, Egypt, c. 1290BC-1224BC

Lions

Atlantid

Geometrical shapes

Lotus or papyrus plants – correct


The many-columned hall found in an Egyptian temple is called a ____?

hypostyle hall – correct

pylon hall

colonnade

sanctuary hall


Tomb paintings were created in which of the following techniques?

Oils

Tempera

Fresco secco – correct

Encaustic


What was discovered during Napoleon’s expedition to Egypt in 1799 that was of immense importance in understanding and interpreting Egyptian hieroglyphics?

Death mask of Tutankhamen

Palette of Narmer

Rosetta Stone – correct

Champollion sto


Which of the following describes a building technique commonly used in Egyptian temples?

Cyclopean walls

Corbelled vaulting

Post and lintel – correct

Beam and balance


Which of the following is the best explanation for the portrayal of Akhenaton’s body type?

a plot hatched by the priesthood of Amen to make him look foolish

no experienced artists would work for him

deliberate artistic reaction against the established style – correct

he was cursed by the priests of Amen


Which of the following is the most significant resource for understanding Egyptian civilization and religious beliefs?

Temples

Content of Egyptian tombs

Written accounts from ancient Greek visitors – correct

Detailed hieroglyphic records found in the Library of Alexandria


Which of the following plants was commonly used to symbolize Upper Egypt?

Nettle

Myrtle

Lotus – correct

Papyrus


Which work likely commemorates the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt?

Saqqara stele

Palette of Djoser

Palette of Narmer – correct

Saqqara relief


It has been suggested that Cycladic figurines were funerary offerings. Based on their schematized representation and size, how might they have been placed in the graves?

Standing in the grave

Suspended from the sarcophagus

Standing by the sarcophagus

Placed on their backs – correct


Minoan columns are distinguished by ____.

bud-shaped capitals

pronounced swelling in the center

tapering shape and bulbous capitals – correct

bull-shaped capitals


SLIDE IDENTIFICATION
Select the response that identifies or corresponds best to the image on the screen.

Minoan – correct

Cycladic

Assyrian

Mycenaean


SLIDE IDENTIFICATION
Select the response that identifies or corresponds best to the image on the screen.

Cycladic – correct

Helladic

Minoan

Egyptian


SLIDE IDENTIFICATION
Select the response that identifies or corresponds best to the image on the screen.

Repoussé

Niello

Earthenware

Faience – correct


SLIDE IDENTIFICATION
Select the response that identifies or corresponds best to the image on the screen.

Cycladic

Mycenaean

Minoan – correct

Egyptian


Significant numbers of small marble figurines representing naked women with arms folded over abdomens have been found in ____.

Knossos

Mycenae

the Cyclades Islands – correct

Troy


The Old Palace period in Minoan art came to an end around 1700 BCE. What was the probable cause?

Invasion by the Mycenaeans

Earthquake – correct

Invasion by the Egyptians

Tidal wave


The Treasury of Atreus is an excellent example of a ____.

Minoan sarcophagus

Mycenaean fortification

temple treasury

tholos tomb – correct


Which of the following is a palace on Crete?

Knossos – correct

Tiryns

Sparta

Troy


A female statue column used as an architectural support was known as a ____.

kore

kouros

gorgon

caryatid – correct


A standing nude figure of a young man is known in Greek art as which of the following?

Stele

Kore

Kouros – correct

Ka


In his ____, Praxiteles took the unprecedented step of representing a female nude.

Diana and Actaeon

Peplos Kore

Aphrodite of Knidos – correct

Caryatid A


SLIDE IDENTIFICATION
Select the response that identifies or corresponds best to the image on the screen.

      Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos, Roman Copy, c. 350-340 BC

Classic

Archaic – correct

Late Classical

Hellenistic


SLIDE IDENTIFICATION
Select the response that identifies or corresponds best to the image on the screen.

Krater, Athens, Greece, c. 740 BC

Geometric Greek – correct

Archaic Greek

Mycenaean

Minoan


Scholars mostly agree that the Ionic frieze on the Parthenon is a representation of the ____.

Panathenaic procession – correct

Amazonomachy

Erechtheion

Athena’s birth


The Geometric krater would most likely be found in which of the following?

An Egyptian tomb

A temple of Apollo

An Athenian cemetery of the Geometric period – correct

The royal burial at Ur


The ____ is the historical event that ushered in the beginning of the Classical period.

defeat of the Persians – correct

death of Alexander the Great

construction of the Temple of Hera I

Greek capture of Egypt


The rigidly frontal pose of archaic statues reflects the influence of ____.

Egyptian art – correct

the Minoans

the Geometric period

Cycladic figures


The sculptor Polykleitos imposed order on human movement in his Doryphoros by ____.

conveying the personality and emotional qualities of the individual

extending the figure into the surrounding space

creating a system of cross balances – correct

copying Egyptian statues of pharaohs


Christianity was recognized as the official religion of Rome in the early fourth century CE by which of the following?

Marcus Aurelius

Constantine – correct

Diocletian

Trajan


Coffering was a useful architectural device in that it performed what function?

Helped lighten the weight of a dome or arch – correct

Supplied an accurate means of measurement for the Romans

Enabled extensive road systems to be built

Helped expand interior space


Most architectural sculpture was made to decorate what part of the Etruscan temple?

The pediment

The roof – correct

The sides

The entryways


One aspect of Etruscan society that contributed to their downfall was the lack of ____?

wealth

political cohesion – correct

skilled artisans

trade


SLIDE IDENTIFICATION
Select the response that identifies or corresponds best to the image on the screen.

 Man with portrait busts of his ancestors, Rome, late 1st c. BC

Roman Republic

Late Roman Empire

Etruscan – correct

Early Roman Empire


The Apulu of Veii is made of which of the following materials?

Wood

Marble

Terracotta – correct

Bronze


The Emperor Trajan commissioned which of the following?

The Arc de Triomphe now in Paris

The column depicting his victories – correct

The Ara Pacis

The Colosseum


The Etruscans became citizens of which the following in the first century BCE?

Rome – correct

Paestum

Perugia

Athens


The Pantheon was one of the most influential designs in the history of architecture. It brought new meaning to the concept of “architectural space.” Which of the following descriptions characterize this influential work?

The design is based on the intersection of two rectangles.

The design is based on the intersection of two squares.

The design is based on the intersection of two circles. – correct

The design is based on the trapezoid.


The column used on Etruscan temples resemble which type of Greek column?

Corinthian

Doric – correct

Composite

Ionic


The independent spirit and relative freedom Etruscan women enjoyed horrified which of the following?

Egyptian male authors

Greco-Roman male authors – correct

Etruscan male authors

Trojan male authors


The influence for the procession of the imperial family on the Ara Pacis Augustae was ____.

the Apotheosis of Antoninus Pius and Faustina

Pompeian wall painting

the Panathenaic frieze from the Parthenon – correct

the Column of Trajan


The wide overhang roof of the Etruscan temple could function as which of the following?

A poor copy of a Greek temple

A sculptural mass to be seen from all directions

An ill-defined home for the priests

A place of shelter – correct


Where would an oculus be found?

As part of a Roman peristyle

At the center of a dome – correct

In the apse of a basilica

In the wall of a temple


Which of the following describes Etruscan art?

It was a combination of stability and calm.

It was a combination of motion and vitality. – correct

It was a mass of cylindrical forms.

It was a combination of rigid frontality and symmetry.


Which of the following would be located in a forum and would house the law court for the city?

Basilica – correct

Capitolium

Stoa

Arena


Which type of Etruscan funerary monument had no parallel in Greece?

Monumental sarcophagi

Fibulae

Cistae

Porta Marzia – correct


Briefly describe the role of women in Etruscan society.

The women have much more freedom and independence  – correct


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