Republican Roosevelt and Election – American History

Republican Roosevelt and Election – History

This chapter is about 18th and 19th century American history including republican president Roosevelt, democracy, election, constitution amendments.


where did Americans live

in rural areas, because they worked on farms


Theodore Roosevelt

1858-1919. 26th President. Increased size of Navy, “Great White Fleet”. Added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. “Big Stick” policy. Received Nobel Peace Prize for mediation of end of Russo-Japanese war. Later arbitrated split of Morocco between Germany and France.


Theodore Roosevelt’s trusts

Square Deal


progressive

Going forward to something considered better (antonym: retrogressive), A belief that personal freedom and solving social problems are more important than religion


progressivism

change – all about change (reform),
The movement in the late 1800s to increase democracy in America by curbing the power of the corporation. It fought to end corruption in government and business, and worked to bring equal rights of women and other groups that had been left behind during the industrial revolution.


muckraker

“the jungle”, 1906 – Journalists who searched for corruption in politics and big business


local progressive

Settlement House movements– Jane Addams and the Hull Hous


federal progressive

corporate income tax


square deal

Economic policy by Roosevelt that favored fair relationships between companies and workers


16th amendment

Amendment to the United States Constitution (1913) gave Congress the power to tax income.


17th amendment

Direct Election of Senators


elkin act

prohibited railroads from accepting rebates; ensured customers paid same rates for shipping
heavy fines on railroads and shippers for rebates


Hepburn act

This 1906 law used the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate the maximum charge that railroads to place on shipping goods.


initiative

legislation and bypass state putting statues on ballot,
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.


referendum

bill is on ballot allows voters to approve,
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate


recall

voters may remove an elected official,
A procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of officials from office before the end of their term.


payne-aldrich tariff

passed by the U.S. Congress
first change in tariff laws since the Dingley Act of 1897; issue was ignored by Roosevelt. called for some reduced rates
sponsored by Sereno E. Payne, Senate substituted a bill, fathered by Nelson W. Aldrich; fewer downward revisions and increased numerous rates


election of 1912

Presidential campaign involving Taft, T. Roosevelt, and Woodrow Wilson. Taft and Roosevelt split the Republican vote, enabling Wilson to win


ballinger-pinchot affair

corupts when Colliers magazine accuses Secretary of the Interior Richard Ballinger of shady dealings in Alaskan coal lands.


populist

U.S. political party formed in 1892 representing mainly farmers, favoring free coinage of silver and government control of railroads and other monopolies


progressives

A group of reformers who worked to solve problems caused by the rapid industrial urban growth of the late 1800s.


bull moose

nickname for the new Progressive Party, which was formed to support Roosevelt in the election of 1912


Leon Czolgosz

Killed president McKinley in 1901. He was an anarchist, one who believes in the absence of government.


cross of gold speech

An impassioned address by William Jennings Bryan at the 1896 Deomcratic Convention, in which he attacked the “gold bugs” who insisted that U.S. currency be backed only with gold.


populist –progressives

they try to give power to the people


asiatic exclusion league

shifting from rural countries to urban industrial boom


megopolis

used to designate large coalescing supercities that form in diverse parts of the world


the octopus

Frank Norris’s novel that recounted the depredations of California railroads


the jungle

Upton Sinclair book 1


following the color line

ray s. Baker
rate relations, where people move


McKinley

Republican,
businessmen professional skilled workers, prosperous farmers


Gold

“sound money” (1oz)


Bryan

sliver create inflation


what was silver compared to gold

1oz for every 16oz of silver


farmers used money to

pay off fixed debts


“free silver”

more silver into economy, get poor more cash


McKinley shake

could shake 50 people’s hands in 1 minute


who disliked McKinley

Leon colgosz
thinks people shouldn’t like him so much


McKinley assassination

round 1: shot off button
round 2: shot his stomach and into his back


what happened after he got shot

they couldn’t find any doctor besides a feminine doctor. couldn’t find the bullet patched him up and doesn’t eat. when he does it rips up his stomach and dies


Roosevelt plan

squared deal


plan consist of

conversation of natural resources (conserve)
control of coronations (trust)
consumer protection


election of 1908

Taft, Republican, won over Byran, Democrat, because of his support of Roosevelt.


taft

(1947) It outlawed the “closed” shop, made unions liable for damages that resulted from jurisdictional disputes among themselves, and required union leaders to take a non-Communist oath.


William Bryan

Populist who gained support of people who wanted US treasury to issue more silver currency; ran 3 times for president and was famous for his Cross of Gold speech.


Jacob riis

A Danish immigrant, he became a reporter who pointed out the terrible conditions of the tenement houses of the big cities where immigrants lived during the late 1800s. He wrote “How The Other Half Lives” in 1890.


Robert M. La Follette

A great debater and political leader who believed in libertarian reforms, he was a major leader of the Progressive movement from Wisconsin.


direct primary

A primary where voters directly select the candidates who will run for office


reforms

initiative, referendum, and recall


progressives tried to solve

the social problem that arose as the united states became an urban, industrialized nation


Progressive era was a time

when many Americans tried to improve their society


how did American tried to improve their society

tried to make government honest, efficient, and more Democratic


progressive was a reaction towards

laissez-faire economics


industrialization and urbanization

caused many social problems


why did people think they could improve society

because of their strong faith in science and technology


pilgrims progress

a christian allegory/literature piece/book written by John Bunyan, is about a means search for eternal life


john Bunyan

English preacher and author of an allegorical novel, Pilgrim’s Progress (1628-1688)


what did muckrakers uncover

corruption in many areas


how did initiative, referendum, and recall change democracy in the united states

the states that allow it let people get more directly involved


what was the impact of the 17th amendment

religious hatred, trade increase, money economy, taxes, European exploration


what problem was the 17th amendment meant to slove

Weather Gentiles had to become Jews before becoming Christian


progressive tried to make

government more efficient and more responsive to citizens


Democratic reforms

right to vote, social security, minimum wage, unemployment insurance


who shot Roosevelt

John Schrank while greeting the public in front of the Gilpatrick Hotel.


which affiar split the republican party

ballinger-pinchot affair


Richard Ballinger

Taft’s Secretary of the Interior, allowed a private group of business people to obtain several million acres of Alaskan public lands


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