Femur Joint – Biology Mid Exam

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Femur Joint – Biology Mid Exam

The key terms of Biology Mid Exam include, Ligament, Femur, Joint, Embryonic, Development, Knee, Collateral, Patella.


The deltoid ligament, lateral ligament, and tibiofibular ligaments belong to the ________ joint.

tarsometatarsal
talocrural – correct
humeroradial
knee
fibulometatarsal


In the human body, joints start to form by the _________ week of embryonic development.

4th
8th
6th – correct
10th
12th


During development of synovial joints, the articular capsule forms from mesenchymal tissue that is

laterally located. – correct
centrally located.


Common, wear-and-tear arthritis, in which repeated use of a joint gradually wears down the articular cartilage, is known as

gout.
osteoarthritis. – correct
rheumatoid arthritis.
osteopenia.
articular porosis.


The elbow is a _______ joint.

plane
hinge – correct
condyle
saddle


Which ligament is responsible for holding the head of the radius in place?

Anular ligament – correct
Ulnar collateral ligament
Radial collateral ligament
Transverse humeral ligament
Deltoid ligament


The main ligament supporting the lateral aspect of the elbow is the

radial collateral ligament. – correct
lateral cruciate ligament.
annular ligament.
ulnar collateral ligament.
ulnar condylar ligament.


The elbow contains _____ articular capsule(s).

one – correct
two
three


The fibrocartilage rim that deepens the hip socket is the

coxal retinaculum.
obturator membrane.
acetabular labrum. – correct
glenoid labrum.


Strong reinforcement for the anterior aspect of the hip joint is provided by the Y-shaped

iliofemoral ligament. – correct
pubofemoral ligament.
ligament of the head of the femur.
ischiofemoral ligament.


The ligamentum teres of the hip extends from the

ilium to the lesser trochanter of the femur.
acetabulum to the head of the femur. – correct
pubis to the greater trocanter of the femur.
iliac crest to the head of the femur.
ischium to the intertrochanteric crest of the femur.


When compared to the shoulder, the hip joint has

a deeper bony socket and stronger supporting ligaments. – correct
a deeper bony socket but weaker supporting ligaments.
a shallower bony socket and weaker supporting ligaments.
a shallower bony socket but stronger supporting ligaments.


In addition to its hinge function, when the knee is _______ it allows for some slight ________.

flexed; circumduction
flexed; rotation – correct
extended; supination
extended; gliding


Which knee ligament is most crucial for preventing hyperadduction?

Tibial collateral ligament
Fibular collateral ligament – correct
Patellar ligament
Anterior cruciate ligament
Medial meniscus


In addition to the joint between the tibia and the femur, the knee contains a joint between the

fibula and the femur.
patella and the fibula.
patella and the femur. – correct
patella and the tibia.


The patellar ligament attaches the patella to the

femur.
quadriceps muscle.
fibula.
tibia. – correct
hamstring muscles.


Which of the following describes a meniscus?

Attach one bone to another at a joint
Fibrous cartilage pads – correct
Flat, fluid-filled sacs
Found only at the temporomandibular joint
Attach muscles to bones


What is the function of the cruciate ligaments in the knee joint?

Hold the patella in place on the femur
Hold the patella in place on the tibia
Limit the movement of the femur on the tibia – correct
Decrease the movement of the fibula on the femur
Limit the movement of the fibula on the tibia


The deltoid ligament, lateral ligament, and tibiofibular ligaments belong to the ________ joint.

tarsometatarsal
talocrural – correct
humeroradial
knee
fibulometatarsal


In the human body, joints start to form by the _________ week of embryonic development.

4th
8th
6th – correct
10th
12th


During development of synovial joints, the articular capsule forms from mesenchymal tissue that is

laterally located. – correct
centrally located.


Common, wear-and-tear arthritis, in which repeated use of a joint gradually wears down the articular cartilage, is known as

gout.
osteoarthritis. – correct
rheumatoid arthritis.
osteopenia.
articular porosis.