Enzyme Cells – Biology Chapter 4 Quiz

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Enzyme Cells – Biology Chapter 4 Quiz

The key terms of Biology Chapter 4 Quiz include, Enzyme, Cells, Blood, Pressure.


eosinophils

 kill parasites


basophils 

deal with allegeries


natural killer cells 

look for anything out of the ordinary


lymphocytes

 B or T cells


B cell

 make antibodies


TH cell

 helps the B cells and the cytotoxic cells


TC cell

 punches holes in the viruses


antibody 

defensive protein produced upon exposure to a specific antigen


ventricles 

chambers that pump blood away from the heart


superior vena cava

 sends blood from upper body to the right atrium


inferior vena cava

 sends blood from lower body to the right atrium


aorta

 sends blood to the coronary arteries, brain, and body


pulmonary arteries 

sends blood to the lungs


pulmonary veins 

sends blood from the lungs to the heart


blood pressure

 the force exerted by blood as it moves through the blood vessels


sphygmomanometer

 blood pressure machine


systolic pressure

 pressure exerted when the heart contracts


diastolic pressure 

pressure exerted when the heart relaxes


pharynx 

muscular tube in the upper throat


larynx

 voice box, or passageway for air


trachea

 a long strait air tube into the chest cavity


bronchi

 branching tubes of the trachea


alveoli 

clusters of air sacs at the end of the branching tubes


diaphragm

 powerful muscle spanning the rib cage under the lungs


amylases

 enzymes that begin to breakdown carbohydrates in the saliva


uvula

 fleshy sac that hangs in the back of the mouth that prevents food from going out of the nose


esophagus

 long tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach


peristalsis

 wavelike movement of the esophagus


sphincter

 muscular valve


epiglottis 

covers the trachea


pepsin

 digestive enzyme secreted by the stomach to break down proteins


duodenum

 first section of the small intestine


lipases

 pancreatic enzymes that dissolve fats in the small intestine


bile 

a greenish fluid produced by the liver that breaks up fat globules


gallbladder

 green muscular sac attached to the liver that concentrates and stores bile


villi

 fingerlike projections in the small intestine


colon 

large intestine


large intestine

 removes fluids from the food, absorbs minerals and vitamins, compacts into feces


urea

 ammonia is converted into this in the liver


nephrons

 tiny tubes in the kidneys


ureters

 tubes that carry the urine from the kidney to the bladder


urethra

 urine leaves the body throug this


neutrophil

 a white blood cell that engulfs and destroys pathogens


macrophages

 white blood cell in the tissue


monocyte

 white blood cell in the blood


antigens

 debris or viruses that need to be cleaned up


granulocytes

 the cells that macrophages are presenting their antigens to


eosinophils

 kill parasites


basophils 

deal with allegeries


natural killer cells 

look for anything out of the ordinary


lymphocytes

 B or T cells


B cell

 make antibodies


TH cell

 helps the B cells and the cytotoxic cells


TC cell

 punches holes in the viruses


antibody 

defensive protein produced upon exposure to a specific antigen