Connective Bone – Anatomy Quiz 6

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Connective Bone – Anatomy Quiz 6

The key terms of Anatomy Quiz include, Bone, Cartilage, Fibrous, Joint, Connective.


What is the thin layer of connective tissue that lines the medullary cavity of a long bone?

Endosteum


Which is not true about periosteum?

It is composed of dense regular connective tissue.


The periosteum is anchored to the bone by collagen fibers called _____ fibers.

perforating


Bone is ________ and contains mainly ________ nerves.

highly vascularized, sensory


Strong reinforcement for the anterior aspect of the hip joint is provided by the Y-shaped

iliofemoral ligament.


When compared to the shoulder, the hip joint has

a deeper bony socket and stronger supporting ligaments.


Which knee ligament is most crucial for preventing hyperadduction?

Fibular collateral ligament


Which of the following describes a meniscus?

Fibrous cartilage pads


What is the function of the cruciate ligaments in the knee joint?

Limit the movement of the femur on the tibia


Which is an alternate term for compact bone?

Cortical bone


What is the function of cartilage located in the epiphyseal plates?

site of bone elongation and growth


Which type of cartilage is found in the intervertebral discs?

Fibrocartilage


Which is not a function of bone?

Hormone synthesis


Where does hemopoiesis occur?

Red bone marrow


Bone is considered an important storage reservoir for:

calcium, phosphate, and lipids.


The bones of the fingers and toes (phalanges), carpals are categorized as _____ bones.

short


Which is a sesamoid bone?

Patella


An example of a flat bone would be the:

sternum (breast bone).


Flat bones:

protect underlying soft tissue and maybe sometimes resemble sesame seeds.


Consider the classifications of bone, and examples of each. Which classification comprises bones used primarily for movement rather than protection?

Long bones


Which region of a growing bone contains the epiphyseal plate?

Metaphysis


The knobby region of a long bone at the end that is farthest from the trunk is the:

distal epiphysis.


What is the thin layer of connective tissue that lines the medullary cavity of a long bone?

Endosteum


Which is not true about periosteum?

It is composed of dense regular connective tissue.


The periosteum is anchored to the bone by collagen fibers called _____ fibers.

perforating


Bone is ________ and contains mainly ________ nerves.

highly vascularized, sensory