Cell Organism – Biology Quiz 5

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Cell Organism – Biology Quiz 5

The key terms of Biology Quiz include, Cell, Organism, Enzyme, Specie.


HMS Beagle

 name of ship that Darwin traveled on


Erasmus Darwin

 Charles Darwin’s grandfather who did selective breeding on his farm


Jean Baptiste Lamarck

 If someone cuts off their finger, their offspring wont have a finger; NOT TRUE


population

 the individuals of a species that live in a specific geographical area and can interbreed


natural selection

 Individuals more fit to survive will pass their good traits onto their offspring


vestigial structures

 structures considered to be evidence of an organism’s evolutionary past


coenzymes

 vitamins


cofactors

 minerals


islets of Langerhans

 cells in the pancreas that produce insulin


insulin

 allows glucose in the blood to enter the cells


viroid

 infectious agent that consists of a small strand of DNA that causes diseases in plants


bioremediation

 bacteria that can take toxic things and make them nontoxic


introns

 not coding


exons

 coding


   RNA

 nucleic acid made up of ribose


uracil 

a nitrogenous base found only in RNA


T 

thyamine


A

 adenine


C

 cytosine


G

 guanine


messenger RNA

 RNA that carries the instructions for making a protein from a gene and then delivers it to the site of translation


codons

 series of three bases that make an amino acid


transfer RNA

 RNA that temporarily carries a specific amino acid on one end


anticodon

 a three-nucleotide sequence on a tRNA that is complementary to a mRNA codon


age of Earth 

4.5 billion years


Primordial Soup

 1920s model by Oparin and Haldane that says the oceans were filled with organic molecules, fueled by lightening and sun


Bubble Model

 Louis Lehrman model, that bubbles come from underwater volcanoes and then release into atmosphere


microspheres

 droplet of a lipid, precursors to the first cells


coacervates

 droplets of amino acids and sugars


cyanobacteria

 photosynthetic prokaryotes


eubacteria

 prokaryotes that contain peptidoglycan in their cell walls


archaebacteria

 prokaryotes that do not contain peptidoglycan


endosymbiosis 

Lynn Margulis’s theory that says mitochondria are smaller aerobes eaten by larger anaerobes


mycorrhizae

 symbiotic relationship between fungus and the roots of a plant


vertebrate something with a backbone


agnathan

 jawless, finless fish


HMS Beagle

 name of ship that Darwin traveled on


Erasmus Darwin

 Charles Darwin’s grandfather who did selective breeding on his farm


Jean Baptiste Lamarck

 If someone cuts off their finger, their offspring wont have a finger; NOT TRUE


population

 the individuals of a species that live in a specific geographical area and can interbreed


natural selection

 Individuals more fit to survive will pass their good traits onto their offspring


vestigial structures

 structures considered to be evidence of an organism’s evolutionary past