Blood Cell & Heart Vessels – Biology Chapter 5 Quiz

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Blood Cell & Heart Vessels – Biology Chapter 5 Quiz

The key terms of Biology Chapter 5 Quiz include, Blood, Cell, Heart, Vessels, Brain.


capillaries

 tiny blood vessels that allow the exchange of gases, nutrients, hormones, etc.


vein 

blood vessel that carries blood to the heart


lymphatic system

 collects and recycles fluids leaked from the cardiovascular system


plasma

 liquid portion of blood that contains water, wastes, salts, and proteins


red blood cells 

cells that carry oxygen


white blood cells 

cells that defend the body against disease


platelets

 clot blood


atria

 chambers that receive incoming blood


tunicate

 invertebrate chordate that is covered by a tunic


lancelet

 invertebrate chordate that has a bladelike shape


conus arteriosus

 chamber of a fish heart that smooths the pumps


sinus venosus

 collection chamber in the fish heart


septum

 dividing wall that separates the atrium into left and right


epithelial tissue

 outer lining of skin and protects from damage


stem cell

 undifferentiated stem cells from the blastula in an embryo


integumentary

 skin, hair, nails


axial skeleton

 bones of the skull, ribs, spine, and sternum


appendicular skeleton

 bones related to arms and legs


periosteum

 outer layer of the bone


bone marrow

 soft tissue that creates blood cells and fat


Haversian canals

 hollow channels that contain blood vessels


osteocytes 

bone cells


ligament

 connects bone to bone


ball and socket joints

all types of movement; shoulder, hip


pivot joint 

rotation; top of spine


hinge joint

 bend and straighten; elbow, knees


gliding joint

 sliding motion; wrist


saddle joint

 base of thumbs


tendon

 connects muscle to bone


actin

 protein filament; responsible for contracting and relaxing the muscles


myosin

 protein filament


z-line

 anchor of the filaments


sarcomere

 area between two z-lines


epidermis

 outermost layer of the skin


keratin

 protein that makes skin waterproof


dermis 

inner layer of skin


melanin

 skin color


hair follicles

 root of hair shaft


subcutaneous tissue

 layer of connective tissue made mostly of fat


artery

 blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart


capillaries

 tiny blood vessels that allow the exchange of gases, nutrients, hormones, etc.


vein 

blood vessel that carries blood to the heart


lymphatic system

 collects and recycles fluids leaked from the cardiovascular system


plasma

 liquid portion of blood that contains water, wastes, salts, and proteins


red blood cells 

cells that carry oxygen


white blood cells 

cells that defend the body against disease


platelets

 clot blood


atria

 chambers that receive incoming blood


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