Bacteria Specie – Biology Test

Twitter - Quiz Tutors
Facebook - Quiz Tutors

Bacteria Specie – Biology Test

The key terms of Biology Test include, Bacteria, Specie, Enzyme, Organisms, Cell.



capsule

 gel-like layer outside of the bacteria


conjugation

 process where two organisms exchange genetic material


blastula

 a hollow ball of cells


ectoderm

 outer layer of skin; nervous system; eyes


endoderm

 lining of digestive tract; respiratory system; urinary bladder; glands


mesoderm

 skeleton; muscles; circulatory system; reproductive and excretory organs


niche

 the job an organism performs in the ecosystem


biome 

a major biological community that occurs over a large area of land


Three Domains 

Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya


methanogens

 archaea that like methane


extremophiles

 archaea that live in extreme conditions


thermophiles

 archaea that live in extreme temperatures


halophiles

 archaea that live in salt


Six Kingdoms

: Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Protista, Eubacteria, Archaebacteria


tissue 

a distinct group of cells with similar structure and function


organ

 a specialized structure


phagocytosis

 Protists that throw their cytoplasm against their cell membrane in order to move; cytoplasmic streaming


slime molds

 eat decaying matter


contractile vacuole

 water pumps located in euglenas


eye spot

 senses sunlight in euglenas


oral groove

 eating mechanism of a paramecium


toxoplasmosis 

cats and pregant people disease


diatoms protists with shells made of silica


brown algae

 kelp


green algae

plankton, seaweed


red algae

 asian jello


capsid

 a protein coat over a virus that has spikes


bacteriophage 

a kind of virus that affects bacteria


envelope

 a sugar cloud that disguises the virus


rhinovirus 

virus that causes colds


lysis

 cell explosion


lytic virus

 a virus that causes cells to explode


lysogenic virus

 a virus that lies dormant in the cell until triggered, then it becomes lytic


prions

 infectious proteins that have no nucleic acid; cause mad cow disease


anthrax 

respiratory disease once found in cattle


bubonic plague

 flease that lived on rats caused people’s skin to get bubose and turn black


cholera

 found in mussels and clams, multiplies in human feces


pathogens

 agents that cause disease


bacillus 

rod-shaped bacteria


coccus 

sphere-shaped bacteria


spirillum 

spiral-shaped bacteria


capsule

 gel-like layer outside of the bacteria


conjugation

 process where two organisms exchange genetic material


blastula

 a hollow ball of cells


ectoderm

 outer layer of skin; nervous system; eyes


endoderm

 lining of digestive tract; respiratory system; urinary bladder; glands


mesoderm

 skeleton; muscles; circulatory system; reproductive and excretory organs