American Medical Technologist – Healthcare & Nursing

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American Medical Technologist – Healthcare & Nursing

In this chapter we discuss american medical technologist of healthcare and nursing.


Technologists must adhere to safety standards when preparing radio pharmaceuticals to help do which of the following?

Keep radiation exposure as low as possible.


Which specific sonographer would help diagnose and treat conditions primarily involving gall bladder, bile ducts, kidneys, liver, and pancreas?

Abdominal sonographers


Radiation therapists on the medication radiation oncology team use machines called linear accelerator to administer radiation treatments to cancer patients.

True


Technologists who assist physicians and the diagnosis of disorders affecting circulation are known as which of the following?

Vascular technicians


Technologists and technicians wear badges that deflect radiation and minimize their exposure.

True


Which of the following is projected to remain the principal employer of diagnostic medical sonographers?

Hospitals


An arterial blood sample is drawn when a respiratory therapist needs to analyze oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the patient.

True


During a cardiac catheterization procedure, vascular technologists is responsible for which of the following?

Monitoring the patient for signs of arrhythmia


When performing fluoroscopies, radiologic technicians prepare solutions for the patient to drink. T/F?

True


Respiratory therapists use ventilators to deliver pressurize oxygen to the patients lunge. T/F?

True


Radiological therapists and technicians perform testing such as commuted tomography and mammography.

True


Which of the following industries paid out the highest median annual wage for dietitians and nutritionists in 2013?

Food and nutrition management

Experienced registered dietitian nutritionists may advance to which of the following?
a. Management positions
b. Become sales representatives
c. All of the choices are correct.
d. Become self-employed


True or False? Dietetic assistants may progress up the career ladder by completing additional coursework and becoming eligible to take an entrance examination given by the Dietary Managers Association to be promoted to dietary manager of a food service.

TRUE


Which of the following industries paid out nearly $60,000 in median annual wages for dietitian and nutrition services in 2013?

Outpatient/ambulatory care


True or False? Employment for registered dietitian nutritionists is projected to increase with an emphasis on disease prevention.

TRUE

A clinical registered dietitian nutritionist can become board certified in which of the following specialty areas?
a. Oncology nutrition (CSO)
b. All of the choices are correct.
c. Pediatric nutrition (CSP)
d. Gerontological nutrition (GSG)


Which of the following work environments expect to continue to employ a large number of registered dietitian nutritionists?
a. Nursing care facilities
b. Corporate agencies
c. All of the choices are correct.
d. Hospitals


Consultant dietitians work under contract in which of the following environments?
a. They work for wellness programs.
b. They work with healthcare facilities.
c. They work with sports teams.
d. All of the choices are correct.


In order to maintain a registered dietitian nutritionist status, a person must do which of the following?

Complete at least 75 credit hours of continuing education every 5 years


Which of the following work environments would be appropriate for registered dietitian nutritionists?
a. Hospitals
b. All of the choices are correct.
c. Nursing care facility
d. Private practice


Community health educators often educate which of the following groups with information related to the importance of funding health programs?
a. All of the choices are correct.
b. Parents and caregivers
c. Clergy
d. Legislators


True or False? As of 2015, no states required licensure for health educators.

TRUE

Which of the following would be considered core competencies that are typically covered during a brief period of on-the-job training for community health workers? (Select all that apply.)
a. Computer application
b. Program development
c. Health information specific to the job duties
d. Outreach Skills
e. Communication


True or False? Community health workers advocate for the health needs of community members.

TRUE


Which of the following areas employ the largest numbers of health educators?

a. Governments


True or False? Behavior analysts have recently seen an increase in recognition in relation to the high number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders.

TRUE


Which of the following is the minimum requirement to be eligible for the Certified Health Education Specialist examination?

Bachelor’s Degree

True or False? Health educators teach people about behaviors that promote wellness and develop and implement strategies to improve the health of both individuals and communities.

TRUE


True or False? In healthcare facilities, health educators help organize the physician’s schedule and facilitate the patient appointment times throughout the daylight hours.

FALSE


Which of the following areas employ the lowest numbers of health educators?

Social assistance programs


Speech, language, and swallowing difficulties can result from a variety of causes, including which of the following?
a. Brain injury
b. Emotional problems
c. Hearing loss
d. All of the choices are correct.


True or False? The goals of occupational therapy in public schools focus not on treatment or rehabilitation, but on the resources that an individual child needs to participate effectively in the educational program.

TRUE


The number of speech-language pathologists in private practice should increase because hospitals, schools, and nursing care facilities will contain costs by increasingly contraction out for these services.

TRUE


Which of the following statements about occupational therapists is not true?
a. They treat people with mental, physical, developmental, or emotional disabilities
b. They prescribe medications to help patients deal with disabilities.
c. They help patients cope with physical and emotional effects of disability.
d. They use a variety of techniques designed to help individuals develop or maintain daily living skills.


True or False? All dispensing opticians must complete a degree program to enter the job market.

FALSE


Ophthalmologists are qualified to perform eye surgery.

TRUE

Speech-language pathologists perform which of the following job duties?
a. Assess and treat swallowing disorders
b. All of the choices are correct.
c. Diagnose language disorders
d. Treat and help prevent communication disorders


How many states in the United States require optometrists to be licensed?
a. 46
b. All states
c. Optometrists are certified rather than licensed.
d. 38


True or False? Typical entry-level education for occupational therapy assistants is an Associate degree; in contrast, occupational therapy aides usually need a Bachelor’s degree.

False


True or False? Even though Medicare covers most of the cost of hearing aids, active older adults with adequate financial resources are likely to seek services of audiologists to be fitted for hearing aids in order to maintain an active lifestyle.

False

The OAT (Optometry Admission Test) consists of which of the following?
a. Four tests
b. None of the choices are correct.
c. Ability to measure for and write prescriptions for corrective lenses.
d. Mathematics


Hearing impairment can take many forms. Which of the below are examples of those forms?
a. Inability to hear speech loudly enough
b. All of the choices are correct.
c. Inability to understand and use speech to communicate
d. Inability to hear speech clearly


3. Applicants to occupational therapy assistant programs can improve their chances of admission by doing which of the following?
a. Taking high school courses in biology and health
b. Volunteering in nursing care facilities
c. All of the choices are correct.
d. Volunteering in occupational therapy offices


True or False? Occupational therapy assistants and aides work under the direction of occupational therapists to provide rehabilitative services to patients suffering from mental, physical, emotional, or developmental impairment.

True


True or False? Optometrists are qualified to perform eye surgery.

False

What is the name of the agency that accredits postsecondary physical therapy assistant programs?

Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE)


Physical therapist education programs include which of the following?
a. Clinically based courses
b. Behavioral science courses
c. All of the choices are correct.
d. Foundational science courses


Orthotists and prosthetists do not require a degree or certification before beginning work in the field.

False

True or False? A prosthetist designs, measures, fits, and adjusts artificial limbs for amputees and devices for people with musculoskeletal or neurological conditions.

True


Physical therapists treat a variety of patients with different types of problems. Their patients may include which of the following?
a. People with heart disease
b. People with back pain
c. Accident victims
d. Persons with head injuries
e. All of the choices are correct.


Physical therapists may engage in professional activities such as which of the following?
a. Consultation
b. All of the choices are correct.
c. Research
d. Education
e. Administration


Which of the following is the goal of physical therapy?
a. To improve how an individual functions at work and at home
b. All of the choices are correct.
c. To improve how the individual is able to form words
d. To improve how the individual is able to swallow


Licensing is required to practice as a physical therapist aide.

False

Which of the following statements regarding physical therapy assistants and physical therapy aides is true?
a. No physical therapy assistant jobs exist.
b. There are no licensing requirements for assistants or aides in the area of physical therapy.
c. Physical therapy assistants and physical therapy aides are one in the same. Each state chooses how to title this job.
d. Aides usually learn skills on the job, while physical therapy assistants have an Associate degree.


Which health professional uses rehabilitative exercises, reconditioning, and physical education to treat patients who have problems moving in any way?
a. Athletic trainers
b. All of the choices are correct.
c. Kinesiotherapists
d. Primary care sports medicine physicians


Employment of athletic trainers is projected to grow 21% from 2014 to 2024, much faster than the average for all occupations, because of their role in preventing injuries and reducing healthcare costs.

True


As people become more aware of sports-related injuries at a young age, demand for athletic trainers is expected to increase.

True


Exercise physiologists can sit for an exam to become a Certified Cardiac Rehabilitation Professional (CCRP) through the American Association of Cardiovascular and Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation (AACVPR).

TRUE

Some athletic trainers who work in high schools also teach.

True


Which of the following professional roles focuses on improving athletic performance or treating muscle or bone injuries?
a. Primary care sports medicine physicians
b. Clinical exercise physiologists
c. Kinesiotherapists
d. Athletic trainers


True or False? Athletic trainers in sports settings have schedules that are consistent with little flexibility required.

False


Prior to 2015, what was the minimum requirement for athletic trainers?
a. High school diploma
b. Associate degree
c. Master’s degree
d. Bachelor’s degree


In addition to in-home exercises, athletic trainers instruct athletes in what other types of exercise?
a. Balance, strength, and flexibility
b. Balance and strength
c. Strength
d. Balance
e. Flexibility


True or False? Certifications by both the American Society of Exercise Physiologists and the American Society for Sports Medicine increase the credibility of exercise physiologists as part of the healthcare team.

TRUE

True or False? In addition to the general knowledge and experience required of dance therapists, movement researchers must have completed advanced courses in movement observation and research methods to become a Certified Movement Analyst.

TRUE


True or False? The movement to license massage therapists began in 1992 when two different organizations developed licensing exams.

TRUE


True or False? Since 1981, the Federation of State Massage Therapy Boards (FSMTB) has certified recreation therapists.

False


True or False? Since 1981, the National Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification (NCTRC) has certified recreation therapists.

TRUE

Identify which component would be considered “outside” of a massage therapist’s scope of practice.
a. Improving joint mobility
b. All of the choices are correct.
c. Skeletal manipulation
d. Range of motion


True or False? The movement began in 1980 to license massage therapists.

False


Which of the following is considered to be a benefit of massage therapy?
a. Relieves stress
b. Improves circulation
c. Alleviates back pain
d. All of the choices are correct..


True or False? Stimulation from massage often improves joint mobility and range of motion, however direct work on the skeleton is considered outside of the scope of a massage therapist’s practice.

True


Which of the following professions uses touch to manipulate the soft-tissues—muscles, tendons, and connective tissue?

Massage therapists


What can massage therapists do for patients with their touch?
a. General wellness of clients.
b. Relieve stress
c. Relieve pain
d. All of the choices are correct
e. Promote relaxation
f. Improve circulation


What is the most common entry-level degree necessary for social workers?

Bachelor’s degree


True or False? High pay and reasonable workloads cause many workers to stay in this occupation, creating few opportunities for new workers entering the field.

False


What are the three highest paying areas of employment for genetic counselors? (Select all that apply.)

Management of companies and enterprises
Specialty hospitals
Medical and diagnostic laboratories


What type of psychologists promote good health through health maintenance counseling programs designed to help people achieve health-oriented goals, such as to stop smoking or lose weight?

Health

True or False? Employment for social workers is expected to grow 19% from 2012 to 2022, faster than average for all occupations. Employment growth will be driven by increased demand for health care and social services, but it will vary by specialty.

True


True or False? In clinical, counseling, and school psychology, the requirements for the doctoral degree include an internship of at least 5 years.

False


The increase in jobs for genetic counselors between 2014 and 2024 would represent approximately how many new job openings?

700


What is the expected percentage of increase in jobs from 2014 to 2024?

29%


Social workers assist people by helping in many ways. Which of the below are examples of ways they help others?
a. All of the choices are correct.
b. Helping them cope or solve issues with family and dealing with relationships.
c. Helping people who are facing disability.
d. Helping those with substance abuse problems.


Psychology is best defined by which of the following?

A scientific approach to gathering, quantifying, analyzing, and interpreting data on why people act as they do


True or False? Genetic counselors that work in industry generally earn lower salaries. Because opportunities in the profession are great, the opportunities for advancement are plentiful.

FALSE

True or False? Child, family, and school social workers may be known as child welfare social workers, family services social workers, or child or adult protective social workers.

True


What type of psychologist applies scientific knowledge of human behavior to the care and treatment of the handicapped and the disturbed with the purpose of helping the individual who is maladjusted learn new and better habits of behavior so as to find a more satisfactory way of living?

Clinical


True or False? Most growth over the next 10 years for genetic counselors is expected to be in the pharmaceutical industry, and most jobs will be available in research for drug development.

False


True or False? Substance abuse counselors are also called addiction counselors.

True


True or False? It is up to each state to establish the licensing requirements of radiologic technologists.

True


Linear accelerators used in the treatment of cancer are most commonly used which procedure?

External beam therapy


True or False? A dosimetrists is a technician who is responsible for calculating the dose of radiation that is used in a cancer treatment.

True


True or False? Radiation therapists do a considerable amount of lifting and must be able to help disabled patients get on and off treatment tables.

True


True or False? Technologists and technicians wear badges measuring radiation levels in the radiation area.

TRUE


True or False? Radiation therapists work primarily in outpatient cancer treatment centers.

TRUE

True or False? Radiation therapists may become qualified by completing an Associate degree or a Bachelor’s degree program in radiography, and then by completing a 12-month certificate program in radiation therapy.

TRUE


True or False? MRI, like CT, produces multiple cross-sectional images to create a three-dimensional image. Unlike CT and X-rays, MRI uses nonionizing radio frequencies to generate image contrast.

True


True or False? Radiation therapists work in hospitals, physician offices, outpatient centers, or in cancer treatment centers.

True


Which type of imaging uses nonionizing radio frequencies to generate image contrast?
a. MRI
b. None of the choices are correct
c. CT
d. X-rates


Technologists are responsible for preparing patients for cardiac catheterization by first positioning them on an examining table and then shaving, cleaning, and administering anesthesia to the top of their leg near the groin.

TRUE


Which specific sonographer would help diagnose and treat conditions primarily involving the gallbladder, bile ducts, kidneys, liver, and pancreas?

Abdominal sonographers


True or False? Employment of diagnostic medical sonographers is expected to grow more rapidly in physicians’ offices and in medical and diagnostic laboratories, including diagnostic imaging centers.

TRUE


True or False? Cardia catheterization can determine whether a blockage exists in the blood vessels that supply the heart muscle.

TRUE

Cardiac sonographers may assist physicians who perform trans-esophageal echocardiography, which involves placing a tube in the patient’s esophagus to obtain ultrasound images.

TRUE


A basic EKG traces electrical impulses transmitted by the heart and requires technicians to attach electrodes to the patient’s chest, arms, and legs, and then manipulate switches on an EKG machine to obtain a reading.

TRUE


Which type of technologist assists physicians with cardiac catheterization procedures in which a small tube, or catheter, is threaded through a patient’s artery from a spot on the patient’s groin to the heart?

Cardiovascular technicians


Completed by the cardiovascular technician, a basic electrocardiograph (EKG) requires which of the following?

The attachment of electrodes to the patient’s chest


Which technologist administers radiopharmaceuticals to patients and then monitors the characteristics and functions of tissues in which the drug localizes?

Nuclear medicine technologists


All states except Alaska and Hawaii require respiratory therapists to be licensed.

TRUE

In acute care facilities, respiratory therapists are only responsible for working in intensive care units and caring for critically ill patients.

FALSE


An arterial blood sample is drawn when a respiratory therapist needs to analyze the oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the patient.

FALSE


The only duties of respiratory therapists who work in home care are to teach patients and their families to use ventilators and other life-support systems.

FALSE

Respiratory therapists are called upon to intervene when patients are critically ill and having breathing problems.

TRUE


Respiratory therapists evaluate patients’ lung capacities by having them breathe into an instrument that measures the volume and flow of oxygen during inhalation and exhalation.

TRUE


Respiratory therapists may use oxygen mixtures, chest physiotherapy, and aerosol medication to treat patients who are suffering with respiratory problems.

TRUE


An Associate degree is the minimum educational requirement for a respiratory therapist, but a Bachelor’s degree or Master’s degree may be important for advancement.

TRUE

Respiratory therapists can change the ventilator settings and check the equipment for mechanical problems but only according to the doctor’s

TRUE


When performing patient assessments, respiratory therapists can make adjustments to treatment options without a physician’s order.

FALSE


Health services managers are employable in areas such as outpatient clinics, nursing homes, rehabilitation facilities, and dentist offices.

TRUE

As the chief executive officer (CEO), a person would be responsible for speaking before civic groups, promoting public participation in health programs, and coordinating the activities of the hospital or facility with those of government or community agencies.

TRUE


In a hospital setting, medical librarians often provide information to patients as well as nurses and physicians.

TRUE


Medical librarians are expected to have organization and communication skills as well as access to information.

FALSE


In hospitals, services offered by the medical library may depend on whether the hospital conducts research and training, or on the categories of illness treated there.

TRUE


Which of the following use phlebotomists to perform blood draws?
a. All of the choices are correct.
b. Blood donor centers
c. Diagnostic laboratories
d. Hospitals


Future health service managers must be prepared to deal with the integration of healthcare delivery systems, technological innovations, an increasingly complex regulatory environment, restructuring of work and an increased focus on preventative care.

TRUE

What does the clinical scientist do with the results after testing and examining a specimen?
a. All of the choices are correct.
b. Relay the results to the physiciancorrect
c. Notify the patient directly of the results
d. Record all of the results into the patient’s bedside medical chart


Health information technicians are only eligible to sit for the AHIMA examination if they graduate from a 2-year associate program accredited by CAHIM.

TRUE


Who typically performs laboratory tests?
a. Physicians
b. Nurses
c. Pharmacists
d. Phlebotomists
e. Laboratory scientists
f. All of the choices are correct


Many employers prefer applicants who are certified. Which of the following is a recognized professional association capable of offering certification?
a. Board of Registry of American Association of Bioanalysts
b. American Medical Technologists
c. All of the choices are correct.
d. Board Registry of the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP)


Assistant administrators direct activities in clinical areas such as nursing, surgery, therapy, and in non-clinical areas such as information technology and health information management.

TRUE

Medical transcriptionists work directly with physicians and do not need to be familiar with electronic health records.

FALSE


Which of the following complex types of testing is performed by clinical laboratory scientists?
a. Chemical
b. Biological
c. Bacteriological
d. All of the choices are correct.


Within a single institution, such as a community hospital, the healthcare administrator is directly accountable to a board of trustees made up of community leaders who are voted onto the board to determine broad policies and objectives for the hospital.

TRUE


Which group of professionals use various classification systems to code, categorize, and report patient information for insurance reimbursement are often referred to as coders?
a. Health Information Technicians
b. Medical transcriptionists
c. Medical Librarians
d. Health Informatics Specialists


Clinical managers have training or experience in a specific clinical area and, accordingly, have more specific responsibilities than do generalists.

TRUE


Associate or assistant administers may be responsible for budget and finance, human resources, and in-service training depending on the size of the facility.

TRUE

Directors of physical therapy are experienced physical therapists, and most health information administrators have a Bachelor degree in health information management.

TRUE


Which of the following associations offers certification for phlebotomists?
a. American Medical Technologists (AMT)
b. All of the choices are correct.
c. American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP)
d. National Center for Competency Testing (NCCT)


The federal government requires an MLS or the equivalent in education and experience.

TRUE


The chief executive officer (CEO) provides overall management direction but is also concerned with community outreach, planning, policy-making, and response to government agencies and regulations.

TRUE


Health service managers are individuals who work in many different positions; planning, organizing, and coordinating the delivery of health care.

TRUE


Medical librarians need to possess similar analytical, organizational, and communication skills include physicians, nurses, health educators, community health workers, allied healthcare professionals, administrators, and information technology programmers and specialists.

TRUE


It is not a requirement to graduate from a 2-year Associate degree program accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Health Informatics and Information Management Education (CAHIIM) in order to take the Health Information Technicians examination offered by AHIMA.

FALSE


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